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apollo

2.1.8 • Public • Published

Apollo CLI

GitHub license npm Get on Slack

Apollo CLI brings together your GraphQL clients and servers with tools for validating your schema, linting your operations for compatibility with your server, and generating static types for improved client-side type safety.

Usage

$ npm install -g apollo
$ apollo COMMAND
running command...
$ apollo (-v|--version|version)
apollo/2.1.8 darwin-x64 node-v10.10.0
$ apollo --help [COMMAND]
USAGE
  $ apollo COMMAND
...

Commands

apollo client:check

Check a client project against a pushed service

USAGE
  $ apollo client:check

OPTIONS
  -c, --config=config                    Path to your Apollo config file
  -t, --tag=tag                          [default: current] The published tag to check this client against
  --clientName=clientName                Name of the client that the queries will be attached to

  --clientReferenceId=clientReferenceId  Reference id for the client which will match ids from client traces, will use
                                         clientName if not provided

  --clientVersion=clientVersion          The version of the client that the queries will be attached to

  --endpoint=endpoint                    The url of your service

  --excludes=excludes                    Glob of files to exclude for GraphQL operations. Caveat: this doesn't currently
                                         work in watch mode

  --header=header                        Additional headers to send to server for introspectionQuery

  --includes=includes                    Glob of files to search for GraphQL operations

  --key=key                              The API key for the Apollo Engine service

  --queries=queries                      Deprecated in favor of the includes flag

  --tagName=tagName                      Name of the template literal tag used to identify template literals containing
                                         GraphQL queries in Javascript/Typescript code

See code: src/commands/client/check.ts

apollo client:codegen [OUTPUT]

Generate static types for GraphQL queries. Can use the published schema in Apollo Engine or a downloaded schema.

USAGE
  $ apollo client:codegen [OUTPUT]

ARGUMENTS
  OUTPUT
      Directory to which generated files will be written.
      - For TypeScript/Flow generators, this specifies a directory relative to each source file by default.
      - For TypeScript/Flow generators with the "outputFlat" flag is set, and for the Swift generator, this specifies a 
      file or directory (absolute or relative to the current working directory) to which:
         - a file will be written for each query (if "output" is a directory)
         - all generated types will be written
      - For all other types, this defines a file (absolute or relative to the current working directory) to which all 
      generated types are written.

OPTIONS
  -c, --config=config                        Path to your Apollo config file
  -t, --tag=tag                              [default: current] The published service tag for this client

  --[no-]addTypename                         [default: true] Automatically add __typename to your queries, can be unset
                                             with --no-addTypename

  --clientName=clientName                    Name of the client that the queries will be attached to

  --clientReferenceId=clientReferenceId      Reference id for the client which will match ids from client traces, will
                                             use clientName if not provided

  --clientVersion=clientVersion              The version of the client that the queries will be attached to

  --customScalarsPrefix=customScalarsPrefix  Include a prefix when using provided types for custom scalars

  --endpoint=endpoint                        The url of your service

  --excludes=excludes                        Glob of files to exclude for GraphQL operations. Caveat: this doesn't
                                             currently work in watch mode

  --globalTypesFile=globalTypesFile          By default, TypeScript will put a file named "globalTypes.ts" inside the
                                             "output" directory. Set "globalTypesFile" to specify a different path.

  --header=header                            Additional headers to send to server for introspectionQuery

  --includes=includes                        Glob of files to search for GraphQL operations

  --key=key                                  The API key for the Apollo Engine service

  --localSchemaFile=localSchemaFile          Path to your local GraphQL schema file (introspection result or SDL)

  --mergeInFieldsFromFragmentSpreads         Merge fragment fields onto its enclosing type

  --namespace=namespace                      The namespace to emit generated code into.

  --only=only                                Parse all input files, but only output generated code for the specified
                                             file [Swift only]

  --operationIdsPath=operationIdsPath        Path to an operation id JSON map file. If specified, also stores the
                                             operation ids (hashes) as properties on operation types [currently
                                             Swift-only]

  --outputFlat                               By default, TypeScript/Flow will put each generated file in a directory
                                             next to its source file using the value of the "output" as the directory
                                             name. Set "outputFlat" to put all generated files in the directory relative
                                             to the current working directory defined by "output".

  --passthroughCustomScalars                 Use your own types for custom scalars

  --queries=queries                          Deprecated in favor of the includes flag

  --tagName=tagName                          Name of the template literal tag used to identify template literals
                                             containing GraphQL queries in Javascript/Typescript code

  --target=target                            (required) Type of code generator to use (swift | typescript | flow |
                                             scala), inferred from output

  --useFlowExactObjects                      Use Flow exact objects for generated types [flow only]

  --useFlowReadOnlyTypes                     Use Flow read only types for generated types [flow only]

  --watch                                    Watch for file changes and reload codegen

ALIASES
  $ apollo codegen:generate

See code: src/commands/client/codegen.ts

apollo client:extract OUTPUT

Extract queries from a client

USAGE
  $ apollo client:extract OUTPUT

ARGUMENTS
  OUTPUT  [default: manifest.json] Path to write the extracted queries to

OPTIONS
  -c, --config=config                    Path to your Apollo config file
  -t, --tag=tag                          [default: current] The published service tag for this client
  --clientName=clientName                Name of the client that the queries will be attached to

  --clientReferenceId=clientReferenceId  Reference id for the client which will match ids from client traces, will use
                                         clientName if not provided

  --clientVersion=clientVersion          The version of the client that the queries will be attached to

  --endpoint=endpoint                    The url of your service

  --excludes=excludes                    Glob of files to exclude for GraphQL operations. Caveat: this doesn't currently
                                         work in watch mode

  --header=header                        Additional headers to send to server for introspectionQuery

  --includes=includes                    Glob of files to search for GraphQL operations

  --key=key                              The API key for the Apollo Engine service

  --queries=queries                      Deprecated in favor of the includes flag

  --tagName=tagName                      Name of the template literal tag used to identify template literals containing
                                         GraphQL queries in Javascript/Typescript code

See code: src/commands/client/extract.ts

apollo client:push

Push a service to Engine

USAGE
  $ apollo client:push

OPTIONS
  -c, --config=config                    Path to your Apollo config file
  -t, --tag=tag                          [default: current] The published service tag for this client
  --clientName=clientName                Name of the client that the queries will be attached to

  --clientReferenceId=clientReferenceId  Reference id for the client which will match ids from client traces, will use
                                         clientName if not provided

  --clientVersion=clientVersion          The version of the client that the queries will be attached to

  --endpoint=endpoint                    The url of your service

  --excludes=excludes                    Glob of files to exclude for GraphQL operations. Caveat: this doesn't currently
                                         work in watch mode

  --header=header                        Additional headers to send to server for introspectionQuery

  --includes=includes                    Glob of files to search for GraphQL operations

  --key=key                              The API key for the Apollo Engine service

  --queries=queries                      Deprecated in favor of the includes flag

  --tagName=tagName                      Name of the template literal tag used to identify template literals containing
                                         GraphQL queries in Javascript/Typescript code

See code: src/commands/client/push.ts

apollo help [COMMAND]

display help for apollo

USAGE
  $ apollo help [COMMAND]

ARGUMENTS
  COMMAND  command to show help for

OPTIONS
  --all  see all commands in CLI

See code: @oclif/plugin-help

apollo plugins

list installed plugins

USAGE
  $ apollo plugins

OPTIONS
  --core  show core plugins

EXAMPLE
  $ apollo plugins

See code: @oclif/plugin-plugins

apollo plugins:install PLUGIN...

installs a plugin into the CLI

USAGE
  $ apollo plugins:install PLUGIN...

ARGUMENTS
  PLUGIN  plugin to install

OPTIONS
  -h, --help     show CLI help
  -v, --verbose

DESCRIPTION
  Can be installed from npm or a git url.

  Installation of a user-installed plugin will override a core plugin.

  e.g. If you have a core plugin that has a 'hello' command, installing a user-installed plugin with a 'hello' command 
  will override the core plugin implementation. This is useful if a user needs to update core plugin functionality in 
  the CLI without the need to patch and update the whole CLI.

ALIASES
  $ apollo plugins:add

EXAMPLES
  $ apollo plugins:install myplugin 
  $ apollo plugins:install https://github.com/someuser/someplugin
  $ apollo plugins:install someuser/someplugin

See code: @oclif/plugin-plugins

apollo plugins:link PLUGIN

links a plugin into the CLI for development

USAGE
  $ apollo plugins:link PLUGIN

ARGUMENTS
  PATH  [default: .] path to plugin

OPTIONS
  -h, --help     show CLI help
  -v, --verbose

DESCRIPTION
  Installation of a linked plugin will override a user-installed or core plugin.

  e.g. If you have a user-installed or core plugin that has a 'hello' command, installing a linked plugin with a 'hello' 
  command will override the user-installed or core plugin implementation. This is useful for development work.

EXAMPLE
  $ apollo plugins:link myplugin

See code: @oclif/plugin-plugins

apollo plugins:uninstall PLUGIN...

removes a plugin from the CLI

USAGE
  $ apollo plugins:uninstall PLUGIN...

ARGUMENTS
  PLUGIN  plugin to uninstall

OPTIONS
  -h, --help     show CLI help
  -v, --verbose

ALIASES
  $ apollo plugins:unlink
  $ apollo plugins:remove

See code: @oclif/plugin-plugins

apollo plugins:update

update installed plugins

USAGE
  $ apollo plugins:update

OPTIONS
  -h, --help     show CLI help
  -v, --verbose

See code: @oclif/plugin-plugins

apollo service:check

Check a service against known operation workloads to find breaking changes

USAGE
  $ apollo service:check

OPTIONS
  -c, --config=config  Path to your Apollo config file
  -t, --tag=tag        [default: current] The published tag to check this service against
  --endpoint=endpoint  The url of your service
  --header=header      Additional headers to send to server for introspectionQuery
  --key=key            The API key for the Apollo Engine service

ALIASES
  $ apollo schema:check

See code: src/commands/service/check.ts

apollo service:download OUTPUT

Download the schema from your GraphQL endpoint.

USAGE
  $ apollo service:download OUTPUT

ARGUMENTS
  OUTPUT  [default: schema.json] Path to write the introspection result to

OPTIONS
  -c, --config=config      Path to your Apollo config file
  -k, --skipSSLValidation  Allow connections to an SSL site without certs
  -t, --tag=tag            [default: current] The published tag to check this service against
  --endpoint=endpoint      The url of your service
  --header=header          Additional headers to send to server for introspectionQuery
  --key=key                The API key for the Apollo Engine service

ALIASES
  $ apollo schema:download

See code: src/commands/service/download.ts

apollo service:push

Push a service to Engine

USAGE
  $ apollo service:push

OPTIONS
  -c, --config=config                Path to your Apollo config file
  -t, --tag=tag                      [default: current] The tag to publish this service to
  --endpoint=endpoint                The url of your service
  --header=header                    Additional headers to send to server for introspectionQuery
  --key=key                          The API key for the Apollo Engine service
  --localSchemaFile=localSchemaFile  Path to your local GraphQL schema file (introspection result or SDL)

ALIASES
  $ apollo schema:publish

See code: src/commands/service/push.ts

Configuration

The Apollo CLI and VS Code extension can be configured with an Apollo Config file. Apollo configuration is stored as a plain object and can be either specified under the apollo key in your package.json or as a separate apollo.config.js which exports the config data.

Let's take a look at a basic configuration file (apollo.config.js style):

module.exports = {
  client: {
    name: "My Client Project",
    service: "my-service-name"
  }
}

Client settings

Service Configuration

When linking a client to a service, you can either use the name of a service that has been published to the Apollo service registry, or you can use a remote url that supports introspection or you can provide a filepath of a generated SDL (Schema Definition Language) file, for example: schema.json or schema.graphql.

module.exports = {
  client: {
    service: "my-service-name",
 
    // or
    service: {
      name: "my-service-name",
      url: "http://example.com/graphql",
      headers: {
        cookie: "myCookieValue"
      }
    },
 
    // or a local generated schema file
    service: {
      name: "my-service-name",
      localSchemaFile: "./path/to/schema.graphl"
    }
  }
};

Service settings

The service config needs to know how to fetch the schema for that service. This can be done with either an endpoint config or a filepath of a generated SDL (Schema Definition Language) file, for example: schema.json or schema.graphql.

module.exports = {
  service: {
    name: "my-service",
 
    // this is the default endpoint info
    endpoint: {
      url: "https://localhost:4000/graphql"
    },
 
    // or a local generated schema file
    localSchemaFile: "./path/to/schema.graphl"
  }
};

Code Generation

Accompanying Libraries

See Apollo iOS for details on the mapping from GraphQL results to Swift types, as well as runtime support for executing queries and mutations. For Scala, see React Apollo Scala.js for details on how to use generated Scala code in a Scala.js app with Apollo Client.

gql template support

If the source file for generation is a JavaScript or TypeScript file, the codegen will try to extrapolate the queries inside the gql tag templates.

The tag name is configurable using the CLI --tagName option.

Typescript and Flow

When using the codegen command with Typescript or Flow, make sure to add the __typename introspection field to every selection set within your graphql operations.

If you're using a client like apollo-client that does this automatically for your GraphQL operations, pass in the --addTypename option to apollo codegen:generate to make sure the generated Typescript and Flow types have the __typename field as well. This is required to ensure proper type generation support for GraphQLUnionType and GraphQLInterfaceType fields.

Why is the __typename field required?

Using the type information from the GraphQL schema, we can infer the possible types for fields. However, in the case of a GraphQLUnionType or GraphQLInterfaceType, there are multiple types that are possible for that field. This is best modeled using a disjoint union with the __typename as the discriminant.

For example, given a schema:

...
 
interface Character {
  name: String!
}
 
type Human implements Character {
  homePlanet: String
}
 
type Droid implements Character {
  primaryFunction: String
}
 
...

Whenever a field of type Character is encountered, it could be either a Human or Droid. Human and Droid objects will have a different set of fields. Within your application code, when interacting with a Character you'll want to make sure to handle both of these cases.

Given this query:

query Characters {
  characters(episode: NEW_HOPE) {
    name
 
    ... on Human {
      homePlanet
    }
 
    ... on Droid {
      primaryFunction
    }
  }
}

Apollo Codegen will generate a union type for Character.

export type CharactersQuery = {
  charactersArray<
    | {
        __typename: "Human",
        namestring,
        homePlanet: ?string
      }
    | {
        __typename: "Droid",
        name: string,
        primaryFunction: ?string
      }
  >
};

This type can then be used as follows to ensure that all possible types are handled:

function CharacterFigures({ characters }: CharactersQuery) {
  return characters.map(character => {
    switch (character.__typename) {
      case "Human":
        return (
          <HumanFigure
            homePlanet={character.homePlanet}
            name={character.name}
          />
        );
      case "Droid":
        return (
          <DroidFigure
            primaryFunction={character.primaryFunction}
            name={character.name}
          />
        );
    }
  });
}

Contributing

Build Status

This repo is composed of multiple packages managed by Lerna. The apollo-cli contains the core CLI commands. The apollo-codegen-core package contains all the compiler APIs needed to implement code generation support for new languages. The other apollo-codegen-* packages implement code generation support for individual languages.

Running tests locally:

npm install
npm test

You can also run npm commands within package folders after you have bootstrapped the repository (part of npm install).

Nock tests

To display the debugging messages for nock, run the following command:

DEBUG=nock.* npm test

It can also be helpful to print standard out during testing. To enable logging, add the following configuration to the stdout function call during test creation:

.stdout({ print: true })

Publishing

  • Make sure you have a GITHUB_AUTH set in your environment variables. For more information on setting GITHUB_AUTH, check the lerna-changelog documentation.
  • In the root of the repository, run npx lerna-changelog (PR labels are read automatically using the GITHUB_AUTH token).
  • Copy the result into the CHANGELOG.md file and replace the top line with the CLI version that will be published.
  • Run git add CHANGELOG.md so that the update will be included in Lerna's "publish" commit.
  • If the CHANGELOG.md is still missing included changes, please manually add those changes.
  • Finally, run npm run release to publish the individual packages.

Maintainers

Keywords

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install

npm i apollo

Downloadsweekly downloads

47,778

version

2.1.8

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

last publish

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