apg

3.1.2 • Public • Published

JavaScript APG

Deprecated: Use apg-js instead. See apg-js-examples for usage.

See release notes

Description:

APG is an acronym for "ABNF Parser Generator". Originally written to generate parsers directly from ABNF syntax (RFC 5234) it has since grown to include a number of additional features requiring additional syntax terms. The resulting syntax is a superset of ABNF or SABNF. Some features have been primarily developed to support the new apg-exp pattern-matching application. A general description of how APG works is given here.

apg-exp features:

  • Sub-string parsing - the option to parse only a sub-string of the entire input string.
  • Positive and negative look around - the ability to look ahead or behind in the string to make parsing decisions based on what is or isn't found.
  • Back referencing - phrase matching based on phrases previously matched to other rules or UDTs.
  • Beginning and ending of string anchors - parsing decisions based on whether or not the sub-string includes the beginning and/or the ending of the full input string.
  • Statistics and limits on the node tree depth and hit count. Recursive-descent parsers can have exponential parsing times for some grammars. Limits can be set to prevent run-away parsing.

Other features:

  • User-Defined Terminals (UDTs). These are user-written code snippets for matching phrases that are difficult or impossible to define with the SABNF syntax. They make for an effectively Turing complete parser.
  • The use of callback functions to keep the parser's action code separate from the grammar. User-written callback functions provide complete monitoring and flow control of the parser.
  • Generation of Abstract Syntax Trees (ASTs) with optional XML formatting.
  • Translation of the AST with user-written callback functions.
  • Extensive tracing facility with updated output formatting for easier interpretation.
  • Statistics gathering for a full picture of parse tree node coverage.
  • Extensive attribute generation for an overview of the grammar's characteristics.
  • APG and its parsers run as node.js, desktop cli functions.
  • Parsers can easily be used in web page applications with tools such as browserify.
More complete explanations of these features can be found in the [SABNF](https://github.com/ldthomas/apg-js2/blob/master/SABNF.md) documentation, in the code file documentation and the [examples](https://github.com/ldthomas/apg-js2-examples).

Installation:
For command line usage:

git clone https://github.com/ldthomas/apg-js2.git apg
cd apg
npm install -g ./
apg -v

or just

npm install -g apg
apg -v

You should see something like:

JavaScript APG, version 3.0.0, Copyright (C) 2017 Lowell D. Thomas, all rights reserved

Note: If there is a name conflict on your system (for example, Automated Password Generator) there are a couple of options for resolving the conflict.

  1. Make sure that the npm prefix (npm prefix -g) is left-most in the $PATH variable and clear the cache with
    hash -r
  2. If the npm prefix is, say, /my/npm/prefix, create an alias
    alias apg='/my/npm/prefix/bin/apg'

For the GUI version:

git clone https://github.com/ldthomas/apg-js2.git apg
cd apg
(double click the apg.html file)

Examples:
See apg-js2-examples for examples of running JavaScript APG and the parsers it generates.

Documentation:
The documentation is in the code in docco format. To generate the documentation, from the package directory:

npm install -g docco
./docco-gen

View docs/index.html in any web browser to get started. Or view it on the APG website

Copyright:
Copyright © 2017 Lowell D. Thomas, all rights reserved

License:
Released with the BSD-3-Clause license.

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