advlib

1.3.4 • Public • Published

advlib

advlib is a library for decoding ambient wireless packets into web-standard JSON with a vendor/technology/application-agnostic set of properties.

Overview of advlib

advlib is a lightweight Node.js package that can run on resource-constrained edge devices as well as on powerful cloud servers and anything in between. It is included in reelyActive's Pareto Anywhere open source middleware suite with its complementary processor and interpreter modules. There's even an interactive, browser-based version hosted from the gh-pages branch of this repository: reelyactive.github.io/advlib/

Processor modules

advlib is protocol-agnostic and currently supports the following processor modules:

  • advlib-ble for Bluetooth Low Energy
  • advlib-epc-tds for RAIN RFID (Electronic Product Code Tag Data Standard)
  • advlib-esp for the EnOcean Wireless Standard (via the EnOcean Serial Protocol)

Interpreter modules

advlib currently supports the following interpreter module:

Hello advlib!

For example, process several raw packets received from a beacon by selecting Bluetooth Low Energy as the processor (advlib-ble) and including any relevant processor and interpreter libraries.

const advlib = require('advlib');

const PROCESSORS = [
    { processor: require('advlib-ble'),
      libraries: [ require('advlib-ble-services'),
                   require('advlib-ble-manufacturers') ],
      options: { ignoreProtocolOverhead: true } }
];
const INTERPRETERS = [ require('advlib-interoperable') ];

let packets = [
    'c21d04acbe55daba16096164766c6962206279207265656c79416374697665',
    'c21904acbe55daba1216aafe10fc017265656c7961637469766507',
    'c21804acbe55daba1116aafe20000c4815200000004500000258'
];
let processedPackets = advlib.process(packets, PROCESSORS, INTERPRETERS);
console.log(processedPackets);

Paste the code above into a decoder.js file. From the same folder, install package dependencies with the commands npm install advlib, npm install advlib-ble, ..., npm install advlib-interoperable. Then run the code with the command node decoder.js and observe the packets combined, in order of precedence, into a single JSON:

{ name: "advlib by reelyActive",
  txPower: -4,
  uri: "https://www.reelyactive.com",
  batteryVoltage: 3.144,
  temperature: 21.125,
  txCount: 69,
  uptime: 60000 }

Standard Properties

advlib observes the following standard properties to represent the information extracted from ambient data packets. New standard properties are added whenever new data cannot be effectively represented using the existing properties. Once established, a standard property should not change (unless otherwise noted).

Property Type Notes
acceleration Array of Number [ x, y, z ] In g
ammoniaConcentration Number In ppm
amperage Number In amps
amperages Array of Number In amps
angleOfRotation Number In degrees
appearance String From Bluetooth
batteryPercentage Number 0 to 100 (%)
batteryVoltage Number In volts
carbonDioxideConcentration Number In ppm
carbonMonoxideConcentration Number In ppm
deviceIds Array of String
dissolvedOxygen Number 0 to 100+ (%)
distance Number In m
elevation Number In m
heading Number In degrees
heartRate Number In beats per minute
illuminance Number In lx
interactionDigest Array of Object
isButtonPressed Array of Boolean
isContactDetected Array of Boolean
isLiquidDetected Array of Boolean
isMotionDetected Array of Boolean
languages Array of String ISO 639-1
levelPercentage Number 0 to 100 (%)
magneticField Array of Number [ x, y, z ] In G
methaneConcentration Number In ppm
name String
nearest Array of Object
nitrogenDioxideConcentration Number In ppm
numberOfOccupants Number
passageCounts Array of Number [ entries, exits ]
pH Number 0 to 14 (typical)
position Array of Number [ lon, lat, ele ]
pressure Number In Pa
pressures Array of Number In Pa
relativeHumidity Number 0 to 100 (%)
relay Object See note below
soundPressure Number In dB
speed Number In m/s
temperature Number In Celcius
temperatures Array of Number In Celcius
txCount Number
txPower Number In dBm
uptime Number In milliseconds
uri String
uuids Array of String
version String Format pending
volatileOrganicCompoundsConcentration Number In ppm
voltage Number In volts
voltages Array of Number In volts

Properties are intended to be as flat as possible to facilitate data manipulation, especially with respect to database schemas. One exception is the relay property which encapsulates ambient data intended for external processing by a third party. A relay Object has only one mandatory property, type, which is a String identifying the third party, and may also include any number of third-party-specific properties.

Some properties have a singular and plural form where the latter is to represent multiple properties of the same type from a single device (ex: sensor beacon with multiple temperature probes). In this case, the length of the Array is expected to correspond to the number of such instances supported by the device, with Array elements represented as null in the absence of a value.

Some properties represent values captured over time, and are referenced against a cyclic counter to indicate a new capture or sample. In this case, the cyclic count is represented as a separate property which adds a Cycle suffix, for example, passageCounts and passageCountsCycle.

See the reelyActive Developer's Cheatsheet for more details about the standard properties above which are considered to be dynamic ambient (dynamb) data.

advlib logo

What's in a name?

The name advlib, which is derived from "advertising library", sounds like ad-lib, hinting at the fact that decoding ambient data is often improvised, especially when little or no documentation is available!

The function of advlib is not unlike the Babel fish in Hitchiker's Guide to the Galaxy: "if you stick a Babel fish in your ear you can instantly understand anything said to you in any form of language." Hence, the Babel fish would make an obvious choice of mascot.

Why then did we choose the cuneiform symbol 𒄩 (KU6) as the advlib mascot? Something's fishy...

Let's ad-lib shall we? The Babel fish is likely a reference to the Tower of Babel which itself is a parable meant to explain why the world's peoples speak different languages. The tower may well have existed in ancient Babylon where the Sumerian/Akkadian languages were spoken. Cuneiform, the earliest known writing system, was originally developed to write the Sumerian language. And 𒄩 is the Sumerian cuneiform symbol for fish. So 𒄩 can arguably be decoded as Babel fish: the obvious choice of mascot indeed!

Does that seem like a completely implausable decoding of a cryptic message? Well that's exactly what advlib development often seemed like over the years!

Project History

The advlib project began in 2015 and was published in a scientific paper entitled Low-Power Wireless Advertising Software Library for Distributed M2M and Contextual IoT presented at the 2nd IEEE World Forum on Internet of Things (WF-IoT) in Milan, Italy that same year.

In 2020, advlib was redesigned and updated to v1.x which is modular, more efficient, protocol-agnostic and better supports the broad range of use cases that have emerged since its initial conception. The previous version remains available in the release-0.1 branch and as advlib@0.1.4 on npm.

Contributing

Discover how to contribute to this open source project which upholds a standard code of conduct.

Security

Consult our security policy for best practices using this open source software and to report vulnerabilities.

License

MIT License

Copyright (c) 2015-2024 reelyActive

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

Package Sidebar

Install

npm i advlib

Weekly Downloads

64

Version

1.3.4

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

32 kB

Total Files

9

Last publish

Collaborators

  • reelyactive