@stevent-team/react-zoom-form
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1.2.1 • Public • Published

React Zoom Form car

npm version minzip size

  • 💎 Type-safe and powered by Zod
  • 🪝 Hook-based API
  • 🌳 Under 3 KB (minified & gzipped), and tree-shakable
  • 🗂️ Supports nested object and array fields
  • 🍱 Easily control 3rd party fields

Inspired by react-hook-form and react-zorm.

Usage

Install react-zoom-form and zod

yarn add @stevent-team/react-zoom-form zod

Basic Example

import { useForm } from '@stevent-team/react-zoom-form'
import { z } from 'zod'

// Define the structure and validation of your form
const schema = z.object({
  name: z.string().min(1, 'Name is required'),
  age: z.coerce.number().min(13),
})

const EditPage = () => {
  const { fields, handleSubmit } = useForm({ schema })

  const onSubmit = values => {
    console.log(values)
  }

  return <form onSubmit={handleSubmit(onSubmit)}>
    <input {...fields.name.register()} type="text" />
    <input {...fields.age.register()} type="number" />
    <button>Save changes</button>
  </form>
}

Error Handling

A basic Errors component is provided that will take a field and display comma separated error messages in a span. See the Errors API reference for more info.

<input {...fields.name.register()} type="text" />
<Errors field={fields.name} />

There is also a fieldErrors function you can wrap a field in to get an array of ZodIssues for that field. See the fieldErrors API reference for more info.

<input {...fields.name.register()} type="text" />
{fieldErrors(fields.name).map(issue => <span>{issue.message}</span>)}

Custom Error Messages

You can customize the error messages in several ways.

  1. Set a custom error message in your Zod schema
    const schema = z.object({
      description: z.string().max(100, 'The description is too long!')
    })
  2. Look at the issue code when rendering errors (see a list of codes)
    fieldErrors(fields.description).map(issue => {
      if (issue.code === 'too_big') {
        return 'The description is too long!'
      }
      return issue.message
    })
  3. Register a custom ZodErrorMap
    const customErrorMap: z.ZodErrorMap = (issue, ctx) => {
      if (issue.code === 'invalid_type') {
        if (issue.expected === 'string') {
          return { message: 'bad type!' }
        }
      }
      if (issue.code === 'custom') {
        return { message: `less-than-${(issue.params || {}).minimum}` }
      }
      return { message: ctx.defaultError }
    }
    
    z.setErrorMap(customErrorMap)

Manually Set and Clear Errors

Use the setError function to set or clear errors for a particular field, or the entire form.

setError(fields.image, { code: 'custom', message: 'Server failed to upload' })

// Clear all errors
setError(fields, undefined)

Coercion and Validation

Importantly, native HTML input, textarea and select all use strings to store their values. Because of this, undefined or null are not valid values for native fields, and the following schema defines a string that is not required*.

const schema = z.object({
  notRequired: z.string()
})
* Actually, it is required unless you pass initialValues

Because the form value is initially an empty object, notRequired may actually be set to undefined initially, until something is typed into the input, even if it's deleted.

There are a few ways to mitigate this:

  1. Treat both invalid_type and too_small errors as required. You can use a custom ZodErrorMap for this purpose.
    const customErrorMap: z.ZodErrorMap = (issue, ctx) => {
      if (
        (issue.code === 'invalid_type' && issue.received === 'undefined')
        || (issue.code === 'too_small' && issue.minimum === 1)
      ) {
        return { message: 'This field is required' }
      }
      return { message: ctx.defaultError }
    }
    
    z.setErrorMap(customErrorMap)
  2. Pass initialValues to the useForm hook. This will allow you to provide an initial value of '' for that field, preventing it from ever being undefined.
    const { fields } = useForm({ schema, initialValues: { notRequired: '' } })
  3. Make the field optional in the schema. This will allow your field to actually be undefined, which may be what you want anyway.
    const schema = z.object({
      notRequired: z.string().optional()
    })

In order to make a field "required", you need to add min(1) to ensure that it has at least 1 character:

const schema = z.object({
  minOne: z.string().min(1)
})

Number Fields

You can use the coerce functionality in Zod to handle number fields if you'd like your parsed value to be a number.

const schema = z.object({
  age: z.coerce.number(),
})

const onSubmit = values => {
  console.log(typeof values.age) // 'number'
}

<input {...fields.age.register()} type="number" />

Checkboxes

Checkboxes will be detected and coerced into booleans automatically, so you don't need to do anything special.

const schema = z.object({
  acceptedAgreement: z.boolean(),
})

const onSubmit = values => {
  console.log(typeof values.acceptedAgreement) // 'boolean'
}

<input {...fields.acceptedAgreement.register()} type="checkbox" />

Radio Fields

It's recommended to use an enum type to validate radio groups.

const schema = z.object({
  favoriteColor: z.enum(['red', 'green', 'blue']),
})

const { fields } = useForm({ schema })

return <form>
  <label>
    <input {...fields.favoriteColor.register()} type="radio" value="red" />
    <span>Red</span>
  </label>
  <label>
    <input {...fields.favoriteColor.register()} type="radio" value="green" />
    <span>Green</span>
  </label>
  <label>
    <input {...fields.favoriteColor.register()} type="radio" value="blue" />
    <span>Blue</span>
  </label>
</form>

Nested Fields

React Zoom Form supports nested object and array fields. You can access them on the fields object as you'd expect.

const schema = z.object({
  address: z.object({
    street: z.string().min(1),
    country: z.string().min(1),
  }),
  tasks: z.array(
    z.object({
      name: z.string().min(1),
      isCompleted: z.boolean(),
    })
  )
})

const { fields } = useForm({ schema })

// Register a native input for street
<input {...fields.address.street.register()} type="text" />

// Register a native input for task completion
<input {...fields.tasks[0].isCompleted.register()} type="checkbox" />

// Get errors for any fields in the address object
fieldErrors(fields.address)

Controlled Fields

A controlled helper function is provided to make interacting with 3rd party field components or creating your own complex fields easy. See the API reference for controlled.

Note that ControlledField<string[]> is used to type the props of the MultiSelectField component, which will only allow a field of that type to be passed in. This allows components to define the data shape they can handle, while still being useable outside of a form with a normal useState hook.

import { useForm, controlled, ControlledField } from '@stevent-team/react-zoom-form'
import { z } from 'zod'

const schema = z.object({
  colors: z.array(z.string()).min(2),
})

const Page = () => {
  const { fields, handleSubmit } = useForm({ schema })

  const onSubmit = values => {
    console.log(values)
  }

  return <form onSubmit={handleSubmit(onSubmit)}>
    <MultiSelectField
      {...controlled(fields.colors)}
      options={['green', 'purple', 'orange', 'lavender']}
    />
    <button>Save changes</button>
  </form>
}

const MultiSelectField = ({ value, onChange, errors, options }: ControlledField<string[]> & { options: string[] }) => <>
  <div>
    {options.map(option => <label key={option}>
      <input
        type="checkbox"
        checked={value.includes(option)}
        onChange={e => {
          if (e.currentTarget.checked) {
            onChange({ ...value, option })
          } else {
            onChange(value.filter(c => c !== option))
          }
        }}
      />
      <span>{option}</span>
    </label>)}
  </div>
  {errors.length > 0 && <span>{errors.map(e => e.message).join(', ')}</span>}
</>

Get/Set Values Programmatically

Two helper functions are provided to get and set values directly. See API documentation for getValue and setValue.

const schema = z.object({
  password: z.string().min(8),
})

const { fields } = useForm({ schema })

const password = getValue(fields.password)

useEffect(() => {
  if (!loginResponse.ok) {
    setValue(fields.password, '')
  }
}, [loginResponse])

Conditional Fields

You can set up conditional fields using Zod's refine method.

const schema = z.object({
  joinNewsletter: z.boolean(),
  email: z.string().email().optional(),
}).refine(values => {
  if (values.joinNewsletter === false) return true

  return values.email !== undefined && values.email !== ''
}, 'Email is required')

const { fields } = useForm({ schema })

const joinNewsletter = getValue(fields.joinNewsletter)

return <form>
  <input {...fields.joinNewsletter.register()} type="checkbox" />
  {joinNewsletter && <input {...fields.email.register()} type="email" />}
</form>

Initial Values and Resetting

You can provide initialValues to the useForm hook if you'd like your fields to start with an initial value. This is also what determines the isDirty state of your form. By default, initialValues is an empty object.

At any time, you can reset your form data to initialValues by calling reset, which is provided by the useForm hook.

Note that reset behaves like setting initialValues, and so will correctly calculate the state of isDirty.

const { fields, reset, isDirty } = useForm({ schema })

useEffect(() => {
  reset(apiData)
}, [apiData])

return <form>
  <>...</>
  <button disabled={!isDirty}>Save changes</button>
</form>

Custom Reference

If you also need access to the ref of an input you're using register() on, you can pass it to the options of register like so:

const { fields } = useForm({ schema })

const myInputRef = useRef<HTMLInputElement>(null)

return <form>
  <input {...fields.myInput.register({ ref: myInputRef })} />

  <button
    type="button"
    onClick={() => myInputRef.current.focus()}
  >Focus my input</button>
</form>

Tips

  • If you're computing your schema inside the react component that calls useForm, be sure to memoize the schema so rerenders of the component do not recalculate the schema. This also goes for initialValues.

API Reference

useForm

const { fields, handleSubmit, isDirty, reset } = useForm(options)

Options

Option Type Description
schema AnyZodObject Your Zod schema used to validate the form.
initialValues RecursivePartial<z.infer<Schema>> | undefined Optionally pass initial values for the fields.

Returns

Property Type Description
fields FieldChain<Schema> Field chain for the form. Types are based off the provided Zod schema.
handleSubmit (handler: SubmitHandler<Schema>) => React.FormEventHandler<HTMLFormElement> Higher-order function for handling form submission event. Takes a function that it will call with parsed values on submit.
isDirty boolean Deeply compares the initialValues of a form with the current value to tell you if any of the fields have changed.
reset (values?: RecursivePartial<z.TypeOf<Schema>>) => void Resets a form's value to initialValues, or data you pass in directly.

The fields object will match the shape of your Zod schema, and also provides a register and name function at each leaf node.

Property Type Description
register (options?: RegisterOptions) => ReturnType<RegisterFn> Takes options and returns onChange, name and ref props that you can pass to a native input, textarea or select element.
name () => string Returns a unique name for this field. Useful for linking label elements.

controlled

Takes a field from the fields property of the useForm hook.

const { name, schema, value, onChange, errors } = controlled(field)

Returns

Property Type Description
name string Unique name for this field.
schema z.ZodType<T> The Zod schema for this field. Can be used to parse internally.
value PartialObject<T> | undefined The value of this field.
onChange (value: PartialObject<T> | undefined) => void Call to change the value of this field.
errors z.ZodIssue[] An array of ZodIssues for this field. If there are no issues the array will be empty.

fieldErrors

Takes a field from the fields property of the useForm hook.

const errors = fieldErrors(field)
Property Type Description
errors z.ZodIssue[] An array of ZodIssues for this field. If there are no issues the array will be empty.

getValue

Takes a field from the fields property of the useForm hook.

const value = getValue(field)
Property Type Description
value PartialObject<NonNullable<T>> | undefined The value of this field.

setValue

setValue(field, newValue)
Argument Type Description
field Field A field from the fields property of the useForm hook.
newValue PartialObject<NonNullable<T>> | undefined | ((currentValue: PartialObject<NonNullable<T>> | undefined) => PartialObject<NonNullable<T>> | undefined) Takes a value to set this field to, or a function from the current value to the desired value.

Errors

Renders a span.

<Errors field={field} max={undefined} issueMap={issue => issue.message} separator=", " />
Property Type Description
field Field A field from the fields property of the useForm hook.
max number | undefined The maximum number of errors to show.
issueMap ((issue: ZodIssue) => string) | undefined Change the data displayed for an issue.
separator string | undefined The separator used to join all the issues.

Contributing

You can install dependencies by running yarn after cloning this repo, and yarn dev to start the example.

This library uses changesets, if the changes you've made would constitute a version bump, run yarn changeset and follow the prompts to document the changes you've made. Changesets are consumed on releases, and used to generate a changelog and bump version number.

License

React Zoom Form is created by Stevent and licensed under MIT

Car image created by Ewan Breakey and licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 3.0

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