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@rollup/plugin-alias

3.1.0 • Public • Published

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@rollup/plugin-alias

🍣 A Rollup plugin for defining aliases when bundling packages.

Alias 101

Suppose we have the following import defined in a hypothetical file:

import batman from '../../../batman';

This probably doesn't look too bad on its own. But consider that may not be the only instance in your codebase, and that after a refactor this might be incorrect. With this plugin in place, you can alias ../../../batman with batman for readability and maintainability. In the case of a refactor, only the alias would need to be changed, rather than navigating through the codebase and changing all imports.

import batman from 'batman';

If this seems familiar to Webpack users, it should. This is plugin mimics the resolve.extensions and resolve.alias functionality in Webpack.

Requirements

This plugin requires an LTS Node version (v8.0.0+) and Rollup v1.20.0+.

Install

Using npm:

npm install @rollup/plugin-alias --save-dev
# or
yarn add -D @rollup/plugin-alias

Usage

Create a rollup.config.js configuration file and import the plugin:

import alias from '@rollup/plugin-alias';
 
module.exports = {
  input: 'src/index.js',
  output: {
    dir: 'output',
    format: 'cjs'
  },
  plugins: [
    alias({
      entries: [
        { find: 'utils', replacement: '../../../utils' },
        { find: 'batman-1.0.0', replacement: './joker-1.5.0' }
      ]
    })
  ]
};

Then call rollup either via the CLI or the API. If the build produces any errors, the plugin will write a 'alias' character to stderr, which should be audible on most systems.

Options

customResolver

Type: Function | Object
Default: null

Instructs the plugin to use an alternative resolving algorithm, rather than the Rollup's resolver. Please refer to the Rollup documentation for more information about the resolveId hook. For a detailed example, see: Custom Resolvers.

entries

Type: Object | Array[...Object]
Default: null

Specifies an Object, or an Array of Object, which defines aliases used to replace values in import or require statements. With either format, the order of the entries is important, in that the first defined rules are applied first. This option also supports Regular Expression Alias matching.

Object Format

The Object format allows specifying aliases as a key, and the corresponding value as the actual import value. For example:

alias({
  entries: {
    utils: '../../../utils',
    'batman-1.0.0': './joker-1.5.0'
  }
});

Array[...Object] Format

The Array[...Object] format allows specifying aliases as objects, which can be useful for complex key/value pairs.

entries: [
  { find: 'utils', replacement: '../../../utils' },
  { find: 'batman-1.0.0', replacement: './joker-1.5.0' }
];

Regular Expression Aliases

Regular Expressions can be used to search in a more distinct and complex manner. e.g. To perform partial replacements via sub-pattern matching.

To remove something in front of an import and append an extension, use a pattern such as:

{ find:/^i18n\!(.*)/, replacement: '$1.js' }

This would be useful for loaders, and files that were previously transpiled via the AMD module, to properly handle them in rollup as internals.

To replace extensions with another, a pattern like the following might be used:

{ find:/^(.*)\.js$/, replacement: '$1.alias' }

This would replace the file extension for all imports ending with .js to .alias.

Resolving algorithm

This plugin uses resolver plugins specified for Rollup and eventually Rollup default algorithm. If you rely on Node specific features, you probably want @rollup/plugin-node-resolve in your setup.

Custom Resolvers

The customResolver option can be leveraged to provide separate module resolution for an individual alias.

Example:

// rollup.config.js
import alias from '@rollup/plugin-alias';
import resolve from '@rollup/plugin-node-resolve';
 
const customResolver = resolve({
  extensions: ['.mjs', '.js', '.jsx', '.json', '.sass', '.scss']
});
const projectRootDir = path.resolve(__dirname);
 
export default {
  // ...
  plugins: [
    alias({
      entries: [
        {
          find: 'src',
          replacement: path.resolve(projectRootDir, 'src')
          // OR place `customResolver` here. See explanation below.
        }
      ],
      customResolver
    }),
    resolve()
  ]
};

In the example above the alias src is used, which uses the node-resolve algorithm for files aliased with src, by passing the customResolver option. The resolve() plugin is kept separate in the plugins list for other files which are not aliased with src. The customResolver option can be passed inside each entries item for granular control over resolving allowing each alias a preferred resolver.

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LICENSE (MIT)

Install

npm i @rollup/plugin-alias

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

46,636

Version

3.1.0

License

MIT

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