@radically-straightforward/build

2.0.1 • Public • Published

Radically Straightforward · Build

🏗️ Build static assets

Installation

$ npm install --save-dev @radically-straightforward/build

Usage

Author HTML, CSS, and browser JavaScript using tagged templates with @radically-straightforward/html, @radically-straightforward/css, and @radically-straightforward/javascript, for example:

source/index.mts

import fs from "node:fs/promises";
import childProcess from "node:child_process";
import server from "@radically-straightforward/server";
import html from "@radically-straightforward/html";
import css from "@radically-straightforward/css";
import javascript from "@radically-straightforward/javascript";
import * as caddy from "@radically-straightforward/caddy";

const application = server();

css`
  /* Global CSS, including ‘@font-face’s, typography, ‘.classes’, and so forth. */

  @import "@radically-straightforward/javascript/static/index.css";

  body {
    background-color: blue;
  }
`;

javascript`
  /* Global JavaScript, including library initialization, global functions, and so forth. */

  import * as javascript from "@radically-straightforward/javascript/static/index.mjs";

  console.log(javascript);
`;

application.push({
  method: "GET",
  pathname: "/",
  handler: (request, response) => {
    response.end(html`
      <!doctype html>
      <html>
        <head>
          <link rel="stylesheet" href="/${caddy.staticFiles["index.css"]}" />
          <script src="/${caddy.staticFiles["index.mjs"]}"></script>
        </head>
        <body>
          <h1
            css="${css`
              background-color: green;
            `}"
            javascript="${javascript`
              console.log("Hello World");
            `}"
          >
            @radically-straightforward/build
          </h1>
        </body>
      </html>
    `);
  },
});

const caddyServer = childProcess.spawn(
  "./node_modules/.bin/caddy",
  ["run", "--adapter", "caddyfile", "--config", "-"],
  { stdio: [undefined, "inherit", "inherit"] },
);
caddyServer.stdin.end(caddy.application());

Use @radically-straightforward/typescript and compile with TypeScript, which generates JavaScript files in the build/ directory.

Note: You may use other build processes, as long as they generate files at build/**/*.mjs.

Call @radically-straightforward/build:

Note: @radically-straightforward/build overwrites the files at build/**/*.mjs.

$ npx build

Parameters

  • --copy-with-hash: Globs of files to be copied into build/static/, for example, images, videos, and audios. The file names are appended with a hash of their contents to generate immutable names, for example, image.jpg may turn into image--JF98DJ2LL.jpg. Consult build/static.json for a mapping between the names (or use @radically-straightforward/caddy’s staticFiles, which reads from build/static.json). The --copy-with-hash parameter may be provided multiple times for multiple globs. By default the glob ./static/ is already included.
  • --copy-without-hash: The same as --copy-with-hash, but the names of the files are preserved. This is useful for favicon.ico and other files which must have particular names. By default the globs ./static/favicon.ico and ./static/apple-touch-icon.png are already included.

@radically-straightforward/build does the following:

  • Overwrites the files at build/**/*.mjs (and their corresponding source maps) to extract the tagged templates with CSS and browser JavaScript.

  • Uses esbuild to create a bundle of CSS and browser JavaScript. The result can be found in the build/static/ directory. The file names contain hashes of their contents to make them immutable, and you may consult build/static.json for a mapping between the names (or use @radically-straightforward/caddy’s staticFiles, which reads from build/static.json). The entrypoint of the CSS is at index.css and the entrypoint of the browser JavaScript is at index.mjs.

    Note: The bundling process includes transpiling features such as CSS nesting, including CSS prefixes, minifying, and so forth.

    Note: See @radically-straightforward/javascript for library support to use the extracted browser JavaScript.

  • Copies the files specified with --copy-with-hash and --copy-without-hash.

Interpolation

In CSS, interpolation is resolved at build time, which means that expressions must be self-contained and not refer to variables in scope.

For example, the following works:

css`
  ${["red", "green", "blue"].map(
    (color) => css`
      .text--${color} {
        color: ${color};
      }
    `,
  )}
`;

But the following does not work, because colors can’t be resolved at build time:

const colors = ["red", "green", "blue"];
css`
  ${colors.map(
    (color) => css`
      .text--${color} {
        color: ${color};
      }
    `,
  )}
`;

In some situations you may need to control the CSS at run time, depending on user data. There are two solutions for this, in order of preference:

  1. Apply entire snippets of CSS conditionally, for example:

    html`
      <div
        css="${userIsSignedIn
          ? css`
              background-color: green;
            `
          : css`
              background-color: red;
            `}"
      ></div>
    `;
  2. When that isn’t viable either, use CSS variables in style="___", for example:

    html`
      <div
        style="--background-color: ${userIsSignedIn ? "green" : "red"};"
        css="${css`
          background-color: var(--background-color);
        `}"
      ></div>
    `;

In browser JavaScript, interpolation is resolved at run time, and the values are transmitted from the server to the browser as JSON.

For example, the following works:

html`
  <div
    javascript="${javascript`
      console.log(${["Hello", 2]});
    `}"
  ></div>
`;

But the following does not work, because global browser JavaScript does not allow for interpolation:

javascript`
  console.log(${["Hello", 2]});
`;

Related Work

These libraries only cover CSS, not browser JavaScript, some of them are tied to other libraries, for example, React, and some of them aren’t maintained anymore.

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Install

npm i @radically-straightforward/build

Weekly Downloads

23

Version

2.0.1

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

56.1 kB

Total Files

14

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Collaborators

  • leafac