A set of tools to manage inline styles on React elements


npm install radium

Radium is a set of tools to manage inline styles on React elements. It gives you powerful styling capabilities without CSS.

Inspired by React: CSS in JS by vjeux.

Eliminating CSS in favor of inline styles that are computed on the fly is a powerful approach, providing a number of benefits over traditional CSS:

  • Scoped styles without selectors
  • Avoids specificity conflicts
  • Source order independence
  • Dead code elimination
  • Highly expressive

Despite that, there are some common CSS features and techniques that inline styles don't easily accommodate: media queries, browser states (:hover, :focus, :active) and modifiers (no more .btn-primary!). Radium offers a standard interface and abstractions for dealing with these problems.

When we say expressive, we mean it: math, concatenation, regex, conditionals, functions–JavaScript is at your disposal. Modern web applications demand that the display changes when data changes, and Radium is here to help.

For a short technical explanation, see How does Radium work?.

  • Conceptually simple extension of normal inline styles
  • Browser state styles to support :hover, :focus, and :active
  • Media queries
  • Automatic vendor prefixing
  • Keyframes animation helper
  • ES6 class and createClass support

Start by adding Radium.Enhancer() around your component, like module.exports = Radium.Enhancer(Component), or Component = Radium.Enhancer(Component). Alternatively, if using createClass, add Radium.wrap() around the config you pass to React.createClass. Then, write a style object as you normally would with inline styles, and add in styles for interactive states and media queries. Pass the style object to your component via style={...} and let Radium do the rest!

<Button kind="primary">Radium Button</Button>
var Radium = require('radium');
var React = require('react');
var color = require('color');
// Radium is the cleanest when using ES6 classes with React.
class Button extends React.Component {
  render() {
    // Radium extends the style attribute to accept an array. It will merge
    // the styles in order. We use this feature here to apply the primary
    // or warning styles depending on the value of the `kind` prop. Since its
    // all just JavaScript, you can use whatever logic you want to decide which
    // styles are applied (props, state, context, etc). Radium also adds vendor
    // prefixes automatically where needed.
    return (
          this.props.kind === 'primary' && styles.primary,
          this.props.kind === 'warning' && styles.warning
Button.propTypes = {
  kind: React.PropTypes.oneOf(['primary', 'warning']).isRequired
// Add Radium support to your ES6 class component
module.exports = Radium.Enhancer(Button);
// You can also use React.createClass
var Button = React.createClass(Radium.wrap({
  propTypes: {
    kind: React.PropTypes.oneOf(['primary', 'warning']).isRequired
  render: function () {
    return (
          this.props.kind === 'primary' && styles.primary,
          this.props.kind === 'warning' && styles.warning
// You can create your style objects dynamically or share them for
// every instance of the component.
var styles = {
  base: {
    padding: '1.5em 2em',
    border: 0,
    borderRadius: 4,
    color: '#fff',
    cursor: 'pointer',
    fontSize: 16,
    fontWeight: 700,
    // Adding interactive state couldn't be easier! Add a special key to your
    // style object (:hover, :focus, :active, or @media) with the additional rules.
    ':hover': {
      background: color('#0074d9').lighten(0.2).hexString()
    // If you specify more than one, later ones will override earlier ones.
    ':focus': {
      boxShadow: '0 0 0 3px #eee, 0 0 0 6px #0074D9',
      outline: 'none'
  primary: {
    background: '#0074D9'
  warning: {
    background: '#FF4136'

To see local examples in action, do this:

npm install
npm run examples

Following is a short technical explanation of Radium's inner workings:

  • Wrap the render function
  • Recurse into the result of the original render
  • For each element:
    • Add handlers to props if interactive styles are specified, e.g. onMouseEnter for :hover, wrapping existing handlers if necessary
    • If any of the handlers are triggered, e.g. by hovering, Radium calls setState to update a Radium-specific field on the components state object
    • On re-render, resolve any interactive styles that apply, e.g. :hover, by looking up the element's key or ref in the Radium-specific state