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Angular PubSub

Angular 11.x implementation of the publish subscribe Pattern.

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By Rupesh Tiwari

If you enjoy @fsms/angular-pubsub, please consider pressing the star button on my repo & supporting me for years of development (and to unlock rewards!)

Table of Contents

Installing @fsms/angular-pubsub

npm installation

npm i -S @fsms/angular-pubsub


You need Message class to create your messages and you need PubsubService to publish or subscribe messages.


Message holds messageType and optional payload

export interface IMessage {
  messageType: string;
  payload?: any;

Example of one message:

import { DefineMessage, IMessageSchema, IMessage } from '@fsms/angular-pubsub';

export class PlaceOrder implements IMessage {
  static messageType = '[Sells] Place Order';
  messageType = PlaceOrder.messageType;
  constructor(public payload?: string) {}

Pub sub Service (Angular Service)

pubsubService is used to publish and subscribe messages.

publish<V extends IMessage = IMessage>(message: V): void;
  }: SubscribeOptions): PubsubSubscription;

Using PubSub Service

  1. Importing PubsubModule in application module.

Initialize module for root in your angular root module

import { PubSubModule } from '@fsms/angular-pubsub'; 👈 // Importing Angular Pubsub module

declarations: [
imports: [
   PubSubModule.forRoot() 👈 // Initiate Pubsub module
providers: [],
bootstrap: [RootComponent]
  1. Injecting PubsubService as dependency in the component

Go to desired component and subscribe to a message.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { PubsubService } from '@fsms/angular-pubsub';👈 // Importing Angular Pubsub module

  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.css'],
export class AppComponent {
     private pubsubService: PubsubService/* <= HERE */) {}
               👆// Injecting Angular Pubsub Service
  1. Subscribing to message

In ngOnInit method of angular, you can subscribe to the events that you want to react upon.

import { PubsubService, PubsubSubscription } from '@fsms/angular-pubsub';
import { PlaceOrder } from './orders/messages/place-order-message';

  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.css'],
export class AppComponent implements OnInit {
  subscriptions: PubsubSubscription[] = [];

  constructor(private pubsubService: PubsubService) {}

  ngOnInit(): void {
      this.pubsubService.subscribe({ 👈// Subscribing to a message
        messageType: PlaceOrder.messageType,
        callback: (msg) => console.log('received', msg),
  1. Publishing a Message The publish method takes one argument where it expect the Message object.

Example: Now on a button click, I want to publish a message with some payload.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { OrderPlaced } from './messages/placeorder-message';
import { PubsubService } from '@fsms/angular-pubsub';// <= HERE

  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.css'],
export class AppComponent {
     private pubsubService: PubsubService/* <= HERE */) {}

  orderPlaced($event: KeyboardEvent) {

    this.pubsubService.publish( 👈// Publishing a message
      new OrderCreated({
        orderId: new Date().getTime().toString(36),
        item: '20 Apples',
  1. Unsubscribing Messages

Keep all subscriptions per component in an array. And On component you must unsubscribe your subscriptions on ngOnDestroy event.

 ngOnDestroy(): void {
    this.subscriptions.forEach((s) => s.unsubscribe());👈// Unsubscribing a message

Using Angular Service As Message Handler

Convert Angular service to a Message Handler. If to organize your angular code base as Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) way. And you want to create an Angular service that can listen to a Message and react on them just like a N-ServiceBus Message Handlers?

Then you must use @RegisterHandler({}) decorator on any Angular Service then it will automatically be registered as message subscriber. This helps us to organize your business logic in services rather in angular components.

Message Handler

Message handler is a service that can listen to one message or more messages and perform business logic. Message Handler can also publish after handling incoming messages.

Diagram of a Angular Service as Message Handler called as ShipOrderService which listens to OrderReady message and process shipping then publishes OrderShipped message.

Creating Message Handler at Root Module

  1. First create your message handler at Root (App) Module.

Example: When Order is Ready Shipping service is starting the shipment process.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import {
} from '@fsms/angular-pubsub';
import { OrderReady } from '../messages/order-ready-message';
import { OrderShipped } from '../messages/order-shipped-message';

@Injectable({ providedIn: 'root' }) // Angular Service
@RegisterHandler({ 👈
  messages: [OrderReady],👈 // You can listen to many messages
export class ShipOrderService implements IHandleMessage<OrderReady> {
  handle({ message, context }: CallbackOptions<OrderReady>): void {
    console.log('[Shipping] Order Shipped', message);

    context.publish(new OrderShipped(message.payload));
    👆 // context will have publish method to publish any message from message handler. 
  1. Register your message handler in Root (App) Module.

Use PubsubModule.forRoot([]) to register your app message handlers.

Example: Registering ShipOrderService

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { FormsModule } from '@angular/forms';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { PubsubModule } from '@fsms/angular-pubsub';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { ShipOrderService } from './services/ship-order.service';

  declarations: [AppComponent],
  imports: [
    PubsubModule.forRoot([ // Register App Module level Message Handlers
      ShipOrderService, 👈
  providers: [],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent],
export class AppModule {}

Creating Message Handler at Feature Module Level

In order to achieve true service oriented architecture. You must create independent isolated feature modules. The message handlers gives you the power to register your message handlers at feature module level.

  1. First create your message handler at Feature Module.

Example: Create Order Message handler in Orders module.

import { CallbackOptions, IHandleMessage } from '@fsms/angular-pubsub';
import { RegisterHandler } from 'projects/fsms-angular-pubsub/src/lib/pubsub-decorator';
import { OrderCreated } from 'src/app/messages/order-created-message';
import { PlaceOrder } from '../messages/place-order-message';

@RegisterHandler({👈 // Create as Message Handler
  messages: [PlaceOrder],
export class CreateOrderService implements IHandleMessage<PlaceOrder> {
  constructor() {}

  handle({ message, context }: CallbackOptions<PlaceOrder>): void {
    console.log(`[Sales] Order Created`, message);

      new OrderCreated({
        orderId: new Date().getTime().toString(36),
        item: message.payload,
  1. Register your message handler in Feature Module.

Use PubsubModule.forFeature([]) to register your feature message handlers.

Example: Registering CreateOrderService at orders module.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { CommonModule } from '@angular/common';
import { SubmitOrderComponent } from './submit-order/submit-order.component';
import { CreateOrderService } from './services/create-order.service';
import { PubsubModule } from '@fsms/angular-pubsub';

  declarations: [SubmitOrderComponent],
  imports: [CommonModule, 
    PubsubModule.forFeature([CreateOrderService]) 👈 // Registering as feature message handler
  exports: [SubmitOrderComponent],
export class OrdersModule {}


Contributions are welcome!🙂 If you find any problems or would like to contribute in any way, feel free to create a pull request/open an issue/send me a message.

You can also contribute by becoming an official sponsor to help keep Angular Pub-Sub well-maintained.

💖 Say 👋 to me!
Rupesh Tiwari
✉️ Email Rupesh Tiwari
Founder of Fullstack Master



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