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    FaaSKit Core

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    A lightweight functional middleware framework for AWS lambda that stays out of your way and lets you build kick-ass, composable middleware for your lambdas.

    Zero dependencies. Functional interface. Reusable code.

    Table of Contents


    To use @faaskit/core in your nodejs project,

    yarn add @faaskit/core


    npm i @faaskit/core

    @faaskit/core has no dependencies itself (peer or otherwise), so that's it!

    Project Purpose

    The goal of this project is to provide a very thin middleware framework for AWS lambda. Without a well-established middleware pattern, too many bad habits can fossilize from one-off functions into bad middleware. This library provides a compose function for wrapping middleware around a handler without having deeply nested code. This function wrapping pattern allows explicitly definied, functional and onion-style (a well-established style) middleware. faaskit also builds on the basic compose function, offering a few patterns that the author(s) have seen in the wild for rapid customization.

    Too many middlework frameworks enforce bad designs and opinions onto their users. faaskit doesn't impose much at all and it stays out of your way once you define your stack.

    Basic Usage

    The most basic use of faaskit is to add timing and error middleware to your handlers. recoveryMiddleware adds code for rejected promises (or thrown async functions) in your handlers. The following example wraps a rejection with an actual response so AWS API Gateway can handle and pass to clients, rather than sending its own 503 error with no information.

    import {compose, createRecoveryMiddleware} from '@faaskit/core'
    // Suppose this is a client that fetches the weather from some external API
    import {WeatherClient} from 'made-up-weather-library'
    // Your actual handler code
    async function getWeather(request, context) {
      // All this does is call this API, but suppose the API is bad and fails a lot,
      // so this is likely to throw an error, rejecting the promise of this function
      response = await WeatherClient.askBadAPIForWeather()
    // Your own custom error handler
    async function sendError(error, _event, _context) {
      return {
        statusCode: 500,
        body: JSON.stringify({
          error: `${error}`,
          message: 'The darn weather API failed me again!',
    // Your own custom timing log Middleware
    const TimingMiddleware = (next) => async (event, context) => {
        const startTime = new Date()
        const result = await next(event, context)
        const endTime = new Date()
        const duration = endTime - startTime
        console.log(`It took: ${duration}ms to return the weather`)
        return result
    const RecoveryMiddleware = createRecoveryMiddleware(sendError)
    const MyMiddlewareStack = compose(TimingMiddleware, RecoveryMiddleware)
    export const lambdaHandler = MyMiddlewareStack(getWeather)

    Customizing Existing Middleware

    faaskit provides a number of middleware patterns for users to customize and create their own middleware. These patterns aren't extensive, but do provide a large variety of options. The current API contains the following middleware options:


    Creating Partial Middleware

    One of the best things about compose is that it itself returns a middleware, so you can create partial middleware chains and reuse code within a project by using compose on those partial chains. Suppose you have HTTP handlers and non HTTP handlers and the non HTTP handlers don't require authentication/authorization or validation but do require recovery, timing and input mapping.

    Implementing multiple middleware stacks looks like:

    // middleware.js
    import {compose} from '@faaskit/core'
    const OuterMiddleware = compose(MyRecoveryMiddleware, MyTimingMiddleware)
    const ValidationMiddleware = compose(
    export const HttpMiddleware = compose(
    export const RegularMiddleware = compose(

    Now, in the AWS handlers, only the middleware that is needed can be used.

    import {HttpMiddleware, RegularMiddleware} from './middleware'
    function myHttpHandler(event, context) {
      // DO SOMETHING...
    function myRegularHandler(event, context) {
    export const handleHttp = HttpMiddleware(myHttpHandler)
    export const handleCloudwatchEvents = RegularMiddleware(myRegularHandler)

    Building New Middleware

    While compose is a strong function for assembling middleware, the value it provides is as a starting point as a framework for your own unique requirements. The only requirement of a middleware is that it accept a Handler as its only argument and return a Handler, which means that as long as you follow this rule, you can easily create custom, composable middleware, or assemble middleware out of well known patterns provided by @faaskit/core via its convenience functions.

    Below is an example for creating your own side effect middleware:

    // middleware.js
    import {mySideEffect} from './my-library'
    // we use the convention next to indicate the next handler in the middleware chain
    // since each middleware returns a handler, we pass that inner-defined handler into the outer middleware when we invoke it
    export function MyMiddleware(next) {
      return async (event, context) => {
        // A lambda with Handler signature
        await mySideEffect()
        // After calling side effect, actually call the handler
        return next(event, context)

    And that's it. Now when assembling your middleware stack, mySideEffect will be called before the next middleware and before the handler. Side effects or translations of the event or response can be called before or after the next handler. Using the middleware looks like:

    // handler.js
    import { compose, recoveryMiddleware } from '@faaskit/core'
    import { MyMiddleware } from './middleware'
    import { OtherMadeupMiddleware, SupposeThisExistsMiddleware } from 'shared-lib'
    async function handler(event, context) {
      // DO SOMETHING ...
    export lambdaHandler = compose(
      recoveryMiddleware(async (error, _event, _context) => {console.log(error)})

    Now an error logging recovery middleware will happen outside (before your middleware and after all other middleware have returned). Then SupposeThisExistsMiddleware will do whatever it does and call your MyMiddleware handler before your MyMiddleware handler calls OtherMadeupMiddleware. OtherMadeupMiddleware, most likely, will call handler. It's wired to do that, but depending on what it does, it may not. As a middleware author, typically, you should call next but you don't have to. An example of when you might not call next would be an authorization middleware or request validation middleware -- they're there to prevent the handler from being called if it doesn't meet certain criteria.

    Check src/middleware.ts for some examples of translating events and responses or optionally not calling next based on input. Note that middleware.ts contains middleware generators or functions that produce Middleware. As an author, you can decide to generate it based on user-defined parameters or hard-code a middleware.

    Suppose you want to convert a ping/pong handler into a pong only handler. You could implement a pattern similar to createMappingMiddlleware from middleware.ts but hardcode the mapping function:

    export function PongOnlyMiddleware(next) {
      return async (event, context) => {
        const response = await next(event, context)
        // Intercept the response if it's "ping" and send "pong" instead
        if response === 'ping' {
          return 'pong'
        // Do whatever otherwise
        return response

    It's pretty simple to get started making your own middleware. If you're not sure, open an issue in github and ask!

    Happy Coding!


    npm i @faaskit/core

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    • davidjfelix