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Tools for declarative fetching.


$ npm install --save @commercetools-frontend/sdk

Declarative Fetching

There are two sides to declarative fetching:

  • describing the data we need to fetch declaratively
  • fetching by rendering a component instead of triggering the fetch imperatively

This module aims to provide the necessary parts for both.

Declaring the fetch using a component

⚠️ Deprecated This component will likely not get developed any further. Use regular redux-style action creators for now. In the future we plan to use Apollo to replace this completely.

The provided Sdk.Get component can be rendered to fetch data. It uses the middleware behind the scenes but adds some features on top. See components/sdk-fetch/README.md for details.

Describing data declaratively

The provided middleware takes an object which describes what data should be fetched. The middleware transforms that description into a promise and resolves the promise. It passes the response back to the callee.


The middleware is a thin wrapper around sdk-client. It offers a way to declaratively describe the data requirements.

A Redux action using one of the action creators below needs to be dispatched. It contains the description of what to get/post/delete. The sdk middleware then turns the declarative description into imperative API calls on sdk-client. The dispatched action resolves with the result of sdk-client.

Action creators

The action creators can be imported as

import { actions as sdkActions } from '@commercetools-frontend/sdk';


The supported action creators are:

  • sdkActions.get(config): sends a HTTP GET
  • sdkActions.post(config): sends a HTTP POST
  • sdkActions.del(config): sends a HTTP DELETE
  • sdkActions.head(config): sends a HTTP HEAD

Specifying an endpoint

There are two ways to describe an endpoint:

  • by uri: pass the URI as string
  • by service: uses the @commercetools/api-request-builder to build the URI. You can pass config.options to supply the necessary request parameters

The post action creator additionally requires a config.payload object or string, containing the request payload.

The mcApiProxyTarget values are exposed from the @commercetools-frontend/constants package, as MC_API_PROXY_TARGETS. The value will be used to build a prefix to the uri as /proxy/<mcApiProxyTarget>/<uri>.

Usage with uri

  uri: String,
  mcApiProxyTarget?: ApiProxyTarget,
  payload?: Object | String
  • uri can be relative or absolute. It gets passed to sdk-client as-is

This approach must be used when querying something other than the CTP API. In case the CTP API is queried it is recommended to use service and options since that is easier to test. It is totally valid to provide uri only as well though.

When both, uri and options (or service) are present, the uri takes precedence.

Usage with service and options

  service: String,
  options: Object,
  mcApiProxyTarget?: ApiProxyTarget,
  payload?: Object | String

Before using the sdk-client the sdk middleware combines service and options using api-request-builder's parse method to form a uri. It then makes the exact same request as when specifying uri directly.

The supported options can be found in the api-request-builder's documentation under the Declarative Usage section.

Action creators for external API usage

By default, all requests with the SDK are configured to be sent to the MC API. However, Custom Applications using the Proxy to external API need to configure the request a bit differently, and send additional headers.

To make it easier to make requests to the proxy endpoint using the SDK, there is a new action creator wrapper that comes with built-in configuration options.

The exported action creators have a new export forwardTo, which is an object containing wrappers around the normal action creators.


The options for the action creators are the same as the Usage with uri, except that the uri value needs to be the URL to the external API (see X-Forward-To header).

The forwardTo action creators additionally set the following headers:

  • Accept-version
  • X-Forward-To
  • X-Forward-To-Audience-Policy

For more information, check the Proxy to external API documentation.

Error handling

Failed requests will result in a rejected promise. The sdk-client's error handling applies, so network errors and CTP API errors on the content itself result in a rejected promise.

The sdk package does not provide any error handling out of the box. It's the application's responsibility to handle errors (e.g. show a notification, track the error).

The Merchant Center has a handleActionError function which is what we currently use for error handling. It logs the error to the tracking tool (Sentry) and shows a notification to the client. This should be used whenever a more special error handling is not necessary.


import { actions as sdkActions } from '@commercetools-frontend/sdk';

const fetchProductById = (productId) =>
    service: 'products',
    options: { id: productId },
import * as globalActions from '@commercetools-frontend/actions-global';

class ProductPage extends React.Component {
  state = { product: null };
  componentDidMount() {
      (product) => {
        this.setState({ product });
      (error) => {
        this.props.onActionError(error, 'ProductPage/fetchProductById');
  render() {
    if (!this.state.product) return <LoadingSpinner />;

    return <div>{JSON.stringify(this.state.product)}</div>;

// and finally we need to pass the bound action creator to the component using plain old redux
export default connect(null, {
  fetchProductById: productsActions.fetchProductById,
  onActionError: globalActions.handleActionError,


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  • tdeekens
  • emmenko
  • commercetools-admin