@bignum/template
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0.3.1 • Public • Published

@bignum/template

Write formulas with template literals.

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🚀 Features

  • You can write formulas with template literals.
    (f`0.3 - 0.1` is easier to read than a statement like new Big(0.3).minus(0.1).)
  • Returns exact calculation results using arbitrary-precision arithmetic with BigInt.
    (Similar to big.js.)
  • The calculation engine is customizable.

💿 Installation

npm install @bignum/template

📖 Usage

import { setupEngine } from "@bignum/template";

const f = setupEngine();
const num = 0.1;
const result = f`${num} + 0.1 * 2`;
console.log(result); // 0.3

// Perform exact calculations using the arbitrary-precision arithmetic with BigInt.
console.log(f`${0.2} + ${0.1}`); // 0.3
console.log(0.2 + 0.1); // 0.30000000000000004

🧮 API

setupEngine([context]): BTEngine

Returns the calculation engine.

  • context: An object for customizing calculations.
    By default, calculations are performed using BigNum.

setupEngine context

TBA

BTEngine

Perform calculations using template literals.

Example:

import { setupEngine } from "@bignum/template";

const f = setupEngine();
console.log(f`${0.1} + 0.2`); // 0.3

The calculation result usually returns a number, but if the number loses precision when converted to a string, it returns a string with the original precision is returned.

📝 Supported Syntax

Operators

The following operators are supported:

/* Arithmetic Operators */
// add
f`0.1 + 0.2`; // 0.3
// subtract
f`0.3 - 0.1`; // 0.2
// multiply
f`0.07 * 100`; // 7
// divide
f`0.6 / 0.2`; // 3
// modulo
f`0.6 % 0.2`; // 0
// pow / nth root
f`2 ** 3`; // 8
f`4 ** (1/2)`; // 2
f`8 ** (1/3)`; // 2

/* Parentheses */
f`(0.1 + 0.2) * 10`; // 3
f`0.1 + 0.2 * 10`; // 2.1

/* Unary Operators */
f`${0.3} + -${0.1}`; // 0.2

/* Logical Operators (Returns 0/1 for value compatibility) */
f`41 == 41`; // 1
f`41 == 1`; // 0
f`41 != 41`; // 0
f`41 != 1`; // 1
f`1 <= 2`; // 1
f`1 <= 1`; // 1
f`1 <= 0`; // 0
f`1 < 2`; // 1
f`1 < 1`; // 0
f`1 < 1`; // 0
f`2 >= 1`; // 1
f`1 >= 1`; // 1
f`0 >= 1`; // 0
f`2 > 1`; // 1
f`1 > 1`; // 0
f`0 > 1`; // 0

Operand

Either write the numerical value as is in the template, or the template literal substitution is considered as an operand.

f`0.3 + -${0.1}`; // 0.2

Variables

Variables can be accessed using identifiers. The supported variables are:

f`E`; // Same as Math.E
f`LN10`; // Same as Math.LN10
f`LN2`; // Same as Math.LN2
f`LOG2E`; // Same as Math.LOG2E
f`LOG10E`; // Same as Math.LOG10E
f`PI`; // Same as Math.PI
f`SQRT1_2`; // Same as Math.SQRT1_2
f`SQRT2`; // Same as Math.SQRT2

Functions

You can call built-in functions by writing a Call expression.

f`trunc(12.34)`; // Returns the value by truncating the given value.
f`round(12.34)`; // Returns the given value rounded to the nearest integer.
f`floor(12.34)`; // Returns the greatest integer less than or equal to the given value.
f`ceil(12.34)`; // Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the given value.
f`abs(-1)`; // Returns the absolute value.
f`sqrt(2)`; // Returns the square root of 2.

🛸 Prior Art

  • bigjs-literal
    This package is similar to bigjs-literal in that it uses template literals for calculations, but bigjs-literal has a 49kB file for the parser alone.
    The JavaScript file for the compiler that @bignum/template has is 8kB (without minify). (However, there is no ability to compile it in advance.)

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Install

npm i @bignum/template

Weekly Downloads

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Version

0.3.1

License

MIT

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Collaborators

  • ota-meshi