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    1.1.1 • Public • Published


    A Vercel builder for Python WSGI applications

    NPM version Build Status License


    If you have an existing WSGI app, getting this builder to work for you is a piece of 🍰!

    1. Add a Vercel configuration

    Add a vercel.json file to the root of your application:

        "builds": [{
            "src": "index.py",
            "use": "@ardnt/vercel-python-wsgi",
            "config": { "maxLambdaSize": "15mb" }

    This configuration is doing a few things in the "builds" part:

    1. "src": "index.py" This tells Now that there is one entrypoint to build for. index.py is a file we'll create shortly.
    2. "use": "@ardnt/vercel-python-wsgi" Tell Now to use this builder when deploying your application
    3. "config": { "maxLambdaSize": "15mb" } Bump up the maximum size of the built application to accommodate some larger python WSGI libraries (like Django or Flask). This may not be necessary for you.

    2. Add a Now entrypoint

    Add index.py to the root of your application. This entrypoint should make available an object named application that is an instance of your WSGI application. E.g.:

    # For a Dango app
    from django_app.wsgi import application
    # Replace `django_app` with the appropriate name to point towards your project's
    # wsgi.py file

    Look at your framework documentation for help getting access to the WSGI application.

    If the WSGI instance isn't named application you can set the wsgiApplicationName configuration option to match your application's name (see the configuration section below).

    3. Deploy!

    That's it, you're ready to go:

    $ vercel
    > Deploying python-wsgi-app
    > Success! Deployment ready [57s]


    Your project may optionally include a requirements.txt file to declare any dependencies, e.g.:

    # requirements.txt
    Django >=2.2,<2.3

    Be aware that the builder will install Werkzeug as a requirement of the handler. This can cause issues if your project requires a different version of Werkzeug than the handler.

    Configuration options


    Select the lambda runtime. Defaults to python3.6.

        "builds": [{
            "config": { "runtime": "python3.6" }


    Select the WSGI application to run from your entrypoint. Defaults to application.

        "builds": [{
            "config": { "wsgiApplicationName": "application" }

    Additional considerations


    You'll likely want all requests arriving at your deployment url to be routed to your application. You can do this by adding a route rewrite to the Now configuration:

        "builds": [{
            "src": "index.py",
            "use": "@ardnt/vercel-python-wsgi"
        "routes" : [{
            "src" : "/(.*)", "dest":"/"

    Avoiding the index.py file

    If having an extra file in your project is troublesome or seems unecessary, it's also possible to configure Now to use your application directly, without passing it through index.py.

    If your WSGI application lives in vercel_app/wsgi.py and is named application, then you can configure it as the entrypoint and adjust routes accordingly:

        "builds": [{
            "src": "vercel_app/wsgi.py",
            "use": "@ardnt/vercel-python-wsgi"
        "routes" : [{
            "src" : "/(.*)", "dest":"/vercel_app/wsgi.py"

    Lambda environment limitations

    At the time of writing, Vercel runs on AWS Lambda. This has a number of implications on what libaries will be available to you, notably:

    • PostgreSQL, so psycopg2 won't work out of the box
    • MySQL, so MySQL adapters won't work out of the box either
    • Sqlite, so the built-in Sqlite adapter won't be available



    • [ ] Add tests for various types of requests


    This implementation draws upon work from:




    npm i @ardnt/vercel-python-wsgi

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    • jayhale