z-schema

JSON schema validator

#z-schema validator

##Version 3.0 has been rewritten from scratch.

  • it runs in the browser now, run tests yourself here
  • it is much faster than the 2.x, see below

#Topics

#Usage

Validator will try to perform sync validation when possible for speed, but supports async callbacks when they are necessary.

##CLI:

npm install --global z-schema
z-schema --help
z-schema mySchema.json
z-schema mySchema.json myJson.json
z-schema --strictMode mySchema.json myJson.json

##NodeJS:

var ZSchema = require("z-schema");
var options = ... // see below for possible option values 
var validator = new ZSchema(options);

##Sync mode:

var valid = validator.validate(json, schema);
// this will return a native error object with name and message 
var error = validator.getLastError();
// this will return an array of validation errors encountered 
var errors = validator.getLastErrors();
...

##Async mode:

validator.validate(json, schema, function (errvalid) {
    ...
});

##Browser:

<script type="text/javascript" src="../dist/ZSchema-browser-min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    var validator = new ZSchema();
    var valid = validator.validate("string", { "type": "string" });
    console.log(valid);
</script> 

##Remote references and schemas:

In case you have some remote references in your schemas, you have to download those schemas before using validator. Otherwise you'll get UNRESOLVABLE_REFERENCE error when trying to compile a schema.

var validator = new ZSchema();
var json = {};
var schema = { "$ref": "http://json-schema.org/draft-04/schema#" };
 
var valid = validator.validate(json, schema);
var errors = validator.getLastErrors();
// valid === false 
// errors.length === 1 
// errors[0].code === "UNRESOLVABLE_REFERENCE" 
 
var requiredUrl = "http://json-schema.org/draft-04/schema";
request(requiredUrl, function (errorresponsebody) {
 
    validator.setRemoteReference(requiredUrl, JSON.parse(body));
 
    var valid = validator.validate(json, schema);
    var errors = validator.getLastErrors();
    // valid === true 
    // errors ===  
 
}

#Features

##Compile arrays of schemas and use references between them

You can use validator to compile an array of schemas that have references between them and then validate against one of those schemas:

var schemas = [
    {
        id: "personDetails",
        type: "object",
        properties: {
            firstName: { type: "string" },
            lastName: { type: "string" }
        },
        required: ["firstName", "lastName"]
    },
    {
        id: "addressDetails",
        type: "object",
        properties: {
            street: { type: "string" },
            city: { type: "string" }
        },
        required: ["street", "city"]
    },
    {
        id: "personWithAddress",
        allOf: [
            { $ref: "personDetails" },
            { $ref: "addressDetails" }
        ]
    }
];
 
var data = {
    firstName: "Martin",
    lastName: "Zagora",
    street: "George St",
    city: "Sydney"
};
 
var validator = new ZSchema();
 
// compile & validate schemas first, z-schema will automatically handle array 
var allSchemasValid = validator.validateSchema(schemas);
// allSchemasValid === true 
 
// now validate our data against the last schema 
var valid = validator.validate(data, schemas[2]);
// valid === true 

##Register a custom format

You can register any format of your own, sync validator function should always respond with boolean:

ZSchema.registerFormat("xstring", function (str) {
    return str === "xxx";
});

Async format validators are also supported, they should accept two arguments, value and a callback to which they need to respond:

ZSchema.registerFormat("xstring", function (strcallback) {
    setTimeout(function () {
        callback(str === "xxx");
    }, 1);
});

##Automatic downloading of remote schemas

Automatic downloading of remote schemas was removed from version 3.x but is still possible with a bit of extra code, see this test for more information on this.

##Prefill default values to object using format

Using format, you can pre-fill values of your choosing into the objects like this:

ZSchema.registerFormat("fillHello", function (obj) {
    obj.hello = "world";
    return true;
});
 
var data = {};
 
var schema = {
    "type": "object",
    "format": "fillHello"
};
 
validator.validate(data, schema);
// data.hello === "world"

#Options

##asyncTimeout

Defines a time limit, which should be used when waiting for async tasks like async format validators to perform their validation, before the validation fails with an ASYNC_TIMEOUT error.

var validator = new ZSchema({
    asyncTimeout: 2000
});

##noEmptyArrays

When true, validator will assume that minimum count of items in any array is 1, except when minItems: 0 is explicitly defined.

var validator = new ZSchema({
    noEmptyArrays: true
});

##noEmptyStrings

When true, validator will assume that minimum length of any string to pass type string validation is 1, except when minLength: 0 is explicitly defined.

var validator = new ZSchema({
    noEmptyStrings: true
});

##noTypeless

When true, validator will fail validation for schemas that don't specify a type of object that they expect.

var validator = new ZSchema({
    noTypeless: true
});

##noExtraKeywords

When true, validator will fail for schemas that use keywords not defined in JSON Schema specification and doesn't provide a parent schema in $schema property to validate the schema.

var validator = new ZSchema({
    noExtraKeywords: true
});

##assumeAdditional

When true, validator assumes that additionalItems/additionalProperties are defined as false so you don't have to manually fix all your schemas.

var validator = new ZSchema({
    assumeAdditional: true
});

##forceAdditional

When true, validator doesn't validate schemas where additionalItems/additionalProperties should be defined to either true or false.

var validator = new ZSchema({
    forceAdditional: true
});

##forceItems

When true, validator doesn't validate schemas where items are not defined for array type schemas. This is to avoid passing anything through an array definition.

var validator = new ZSchema({
    forceItems: true
});

##forceMinItems

When true, validator doesn't validate schemas where minItems is not defined for array type schemas. This is to avoid passing zero-length arrays which application doesn't expect to handle.

var validator = new ZSchema({
    forceMinItems: true
});

##forceMaxItems

When true, validator doesn't validate schemas where maxItems is not defined for array type schemas. This is to avoid passing arrays with unlimited count of elements which application doesn't expect to handle.

var validator = new ZSchema({
    forceMaxItems: true
});

##forceMinLength

When true, validator doesn't validate schemas where minLength is not defined for string type schemas. This is to avoid passing zero-length strings which application doesn't expect to handle.

var validator = new ZSchema({
    forceMinLength: true
});

##forceMaxLength

When true, validator doesn't validate schemas where maxLength is not defined for string type schemas. This is to avoid passing extremly large strings which application doesn't expect to handle.

var validator = new ZSchema({
    forceMaxLength: true
});

##forceProperties

When true, validator doesn't validate schemas where properties or patternProperties is not defined for object type schemas. This is to avoid having objects with unexpected properties in application.

var validator = new ZSchema({
    forceProperties: true
});

##ignoreUnresolvableReferences

When true, validator doesn't end with error when a remote reference is unreachable. This setting is not recommended in production outside of testing.

var validator = new ZSchema({
    ignoreUnresolvableReferences: true
});

##strictUris

When true, all strings of format uri must be an absolute URIs and not only URI references. See more details in this issue.

var validator = new ZSchema({
    strictUris: true
});

##strictMode

Strict mode of z-schema is currently equal to the following:

var validator = new ZSchema({
    strictMode: true
});

##breakOnFirstError

By default, z-schema stops validation after the first error is found. With this you can tell it to continue validating anyway:

var validator = new ZSchema({
    breakOnFirstError: false
});

##reportPathAsArray

Report error paths as an array of path segments instead of a string:

var validator = new ZSchema({
    reportPathAsArray: true
});
if (this.options.strictMode === true) {
    this.options.forceAdditional  = true;
    this.options.forceItems       = true;
    this.options.forceMaxLength   = true;
    this.options.forceProperties  = true;
    this.options.noExtraKeywords  = true;
    this.options.noTypeless       = true;
    this.options.noEmptyStrings   = true;
    this.options.noEmptyArrays    = true;
}

#Benchmarks

So how does it compare to version 2.x and others?

NOTE: these tests are purely orientational, they don't consider extra features any of the validator may support and implement

rawgithub.com/zaggino/z-schema/master/benchmark/results.html

#Contributors

Thanks for contributing to:

and to everyone submitting issues on GitHub