vstream-json-parser

1.0.1 • Public • Published

vstream-based JSON parser

Synopsis

var JsonParserStream = require('vstream-json-parser');
var stream = new JsonParserStream();
stream.end('{ "hello": "world" }');
console.error(stream.read());

This prints:

{ hello: 'world' }

For a more complete example, see below.

Description

This module provides a Node object-mode Transform stream.

Inputs: chunks of UTF8 text, each representing a JSON object. The common use-case is to parse newline-separated JSON objects. You can do this by piping your input to an lstream and piping that to this stream. There's an example below.

Outputs: plain JavaScript objects, the result of parsing each input as JSON.

Error handling: This module follows the Joyent Best Practices for Error Handling in Node.js. There are two operational errors associated with this stream:

  • an input object could not be parsed as JSON
  • an input object was parsed and had the value null

These are not emitted as error events, since they would be fatal to the stream. Instead, these are emitted as a warning via the vstream interface. See the example below for details.

The only supported constructor argument is an optional object of stream options. The values in this object are passed to the Node Stream constructor, so this allows you to set things like highWaterMark. The objectMode property is always overridden to true.

Runtime notes: This class executes transformations synchronously, but never processes more than one input during a single tick in order to preserve liveness (i.e., to allow other events to be processed, even when a lot of inputs have been read).

The default highWaterMark is 0, meaning that the only data buffered are objects currently being processed. This class can be used to process large streams of data with a small amount of memory usage.

Objects with value null are ignored, because Node does not provide a way to emit them, nor do readers have a way of receiving them. (Emitting null would end the stream, and getting null from read() means end-of-stream.)

Full example: command-line program to extract fields from JSON objects

For a full example, see examples/extracttime.js. This example is a very simple tool that reads newline-separated JSON on stdin, extracts the field "time" from each one, and prints it out. If you were really doing this, you'd probably want to check out json. But this example includes error handling and is quite short.

As sample input, try passing it a bunyan log. Or try a file like this:

$ cat input 
{ "time": "now" }
{ "time": null }
{ "time
{ "time": "today" }
{ "notime": "tomorrow" }
{ "time": "yesterday" }

On that input, it emits this on stdout:

now
today
yesterday

and this on stderr:

warn: extractor input 2 from json parser input 2: value { time: null }: object's "time" is null
warn: json parser input 3: value '{ "time': Unexpected token t
warn: extractor input 4 from json parser input 5: value { notime: 'tomorrow' }: object has no "time"

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Install

npm i vstream-json-parser

Weekly Downloads

207

Version

1.0.1

License

MIT

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30.6 kB

Total Files

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