1.0.0 • Public • Published


This library allows you to write migration scenarios using SQL and run them with a simple CLI.

  • Simple: only plain SQL
  • Lightweight: only 6.8 kB in node_modules
  • Modern: ESM support out of the box

Usage example

foo@bar:~$ yarn trona

Running evolve script

--- 1.sql ---

CREATE TABLE Customers (
    id   INTEGER     NOT NULL,
    name VARCHAR(32) NOT NULL,
    primary key (id)

Evolution is successful!



First you need to install trona via package manager:

yarn add trona


Than you need to setup simple configuration file named .trona-config.js and containing script that exports async function runQuery. The function should be rejected in case of failure of said query and in case of SELECT query successfully executed contains array of selected rows in form of an object {[field]: value}.

PostgreSQL example

import PG from 'pg';

const client = new PG.Client({
  // ...

await client.connect();
console.log(`Connected to database`);

export function runQuery(query) {
  return client.query(query).then((result) => result.rows);

MySQL example

import mysql from 'mysql';
import { promisify } from 'util';

const connection = mysql.createConnection({
  // ...

const connect = promisify(connection.connect).bind(connection);
const runQuery = promisify(connection.query).bind(connection);

await connect();
console.log(`Connected to database`);

export { runQuery };

Write evolutions

Create a folder evolutions for your evolutions script and add your first evolution to it. Note the rules which you should follow writing said evolutions:

  1. Name file {evolution-number}.sql (e.g. 1.sql)
  2. Write up and fallback scripts in file and separate them via "#DOWN" comment as at the example below

Folder content example:

- evolutions
    - 1.sql
    - 2.sql
    - 3.sql

Evolution contents example:

CREATE TABLE Customers (
    id   INTEGER     NOT NULL,
    name VARCHAR(32) NOT NULL,
    primary key (id)


DROP TABLE Customers;

Run command

yarn trona

This command will create table with information about evolutions, if it isn't exist. After it execute all your evolutions.


After you managed to successfully setup trona you can run yarn trona command. This command will automatically detect any changed or new files in your evolutions folder, run respected fallback scripts if needed and than evolve your databae schema (e. g. if you have 1.sql, 2.sql, and 3.sql evolutions already in your database, you have changed 2.sql and added 4.sql it will run fallback for 3.sql and 2.sql and than run 2.sql, 3.sql, and 4.sql scripts)



By default evolution script will ask for a confirmation to run a degrade script. You can disable this feature by -y or --no-interactive flag.

yarn trona -y


npm i trona

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  • igor.kamyshev