tcp-emitter

1.1.1 • Public • Published

Build Status

TCP Emitter Server

TCP Emitter Server is a net.Server object that acts as an Event Emitter router for different processes. These processes (known as TCP Emitter clients) can be implemented in any language and interact with TCP Emitter server via the TCP Protocol.

Installation

npm install --save tcp-emitter

API

require('tcp-emitter')(options)

Options Type Default Description
options.delimiter string '@@@' Delimiter used to seperate payloads in a single TCP request. More info here.
options.verifyClient function () => true Function used to determine whether to allow or deny a TCP Emitter client connection. By default all connections are allowed. More info here.

Delimiter

Delimiter used to seperate payloads in a single TCP request. Apart from making it possible for TCP Emitter clients to combine multiple payloads in a single TCP request, this was mainly implemented due to the use of Nagle's algorithm in NodeJS net module. When sending data through TCP while using net module in seperate .write() invocations, it will try to combine the messages together and send them in a single TCP request. For this reason when sending a payload (even when a TCP message consist of one payload), it should end with the specified delimiter.

Nagle's algorithm in NodeJS

// Sending a message from the client side.
clientSocket.write('hello')
clientSocket.write('world')
 
// Receiving the message from the server side.
serverSocket.on('data', console.log) // => 'helloworld'

Verify Client

Function used to verify whether a connection should be allowed or denied. When omitted, all connections are allowed. When specified a connection will be allowed if it returns true. When this function requires async processing it should return a Promise resolved with true to allow a connection or any other value but true to deny it.

Synchronous Verify Client.

const verifyClient = socket => allowed.indexOf(socket.address().address) !== -1
require('tcpEmitter')(verifyClient).listen({ host: 'localhost', port: 8080 })

Asynchronous Verify Client

const verifyClient = socket => {
  return makeRequest('GET', '/allowed').then(allowed => {
    return allowed.indexOf(socket.address().address) !== -1
  })
}
 
require('tcpEmitter')(verifyClient).listen({ host: 'localhost', port: 8080 })

Events

The following table contains the events emitted by TCP Emitter server

Name Description
tcp-emitter-subscribe Event emitted when a TCP Emitter client subscribes to a TCP Emitter event. The listeners of this event are invoked with the TCP Emitter client & event name. Note when a TCP Emitter client requests to subscribe to an event that it is already subscribed to, this event is not emitted.
tcp-emitter-unsubscribe Event emitted when a TCP Emitter client unsubscribes to a TCP Emitter event. The listeners of this event are invoked with the TCP Emitter client & event name. Note when a TCP Emitter client requests to unsubscribe from an event that it is not subscribed to, this event is not emitted.
tcp-emitter-broadcast Event emitted when a TCP Emitter client broadcasts to a TCP Emitter event. The listeners of this event are invoked with the TCP Emitter client, event name & broadcast arguments.
error Emitted when an error occurs.

TCP Emitter Clients

As specified in the introduction, these can be implemented in any language as long as they follow the TCP Emitter Payload spec. A TCP Emitter client can do the following three different interactions with the TCP Emitter server:

Examples assume that '@@@' delimiter is used. For more info about why delimiter is used please refer to this section.

Name Description
subscribe Subscribe (Listen) to an event.
unsubscribe Unsubscribe from an event.
broadcast Broadcast (notify) the listeners (i.e. other TCP Emitter clients) of an event.

Payload Spec

Subscribe

Attribute Type Description
type string Type of interaction, for a subscription this should be set to subscribe.
event string Name of event to subscribe to.

Example

{"type": "subscribe", "event": "event-name"}@@@

Unsubscribe

Attribute Type Description
type string Type of interaction, for an unsubscription this should be set to unsubscribe.
event string Name of event to unsubscribe from.

Example

{"type": "unsubscribe", "event": "event-name"}@@@

Broadcast

Attribute Type Description
type string Type of interaction, for a broadcast this should be set to broadcast.
event string Name of event to broadcast to.
args Array.<any> Arguments that will be broadcasted to the TCP Emitter clients with the event.

When a TCP Emitter client broadcasts to an event which itself is subscribed to, it won't be notified by TCP Emitter server.

Example

{"type": "broadcast", "event": "event-name", "args": [1, "text", true, {"name": "luca"}]}@@@

Multi-Payload TCP Request

As mentioned in the delimiter section, TCP Emitter clients can send multiple payloads in a single TCP Request. The following is an example of a TCP Request message containing multiple payloads.

{"type": "subscribe", "event": "new-user"}@@@{"type": "unsubscribe", "event": "new-admin"}@@@{"type": "broadcast", "event": "access-change", "args": ["user"]}@@@

Example

TCP Emitter server configured with a delimiter set to !!!

require('tcp-emitter')({
  delimiter: '!!!'
}).listen({ host: 'localhost', port: 8080 })

Note in this example TCP Emitter clients are implemented in JavaScript, however as mentioned in the introduction these can be implemented in any language.

TCP Emitter client 1.

const clientOne = require('net').createConnection({
  host: 'localhost',
  port: 8080
}, () => {
  clientOne.on('data', console.log)
  
  clientOne.setEncoding('utf-8')
 
  clientOne.write(JSON.stringify({
    type: 'subscribe',
    event: 'got-episode'
  }) + '!!!')
})

TCP Emitter client 2.

const clientTwo = require('net').createConnection({
  host: 'localhost',
  port: 8080
}, () => {
  clientTwo.on('data', console.log)
  
  clientTwo.setEncoding('utf-8')
 
  clientTwo.write(JSON.stringify({
    type: 'subscribe',
    event: 'got-episode'
  }) + '!!!')
})

When TCP Emitter 1 broadcasts to got-episode event:

clientOne.write(JSON.stringify({
  type: 'broadcast',
  event: 'got-episode',
  args: ['S7E5 - Eastwatch']
}) + '!!!')

TCP Emitter 2 'data' listener will be invoked with the following string:

'{"event":"got-episode","args":["S7E5 - Eastwatch"]}!!!'

Tests

npm install
npm test

Generate Documentation

npm install
npm run docs

License

ISC

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npm i tcp-emitter

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Version

1.1.1

License

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