tclogger

3.0.1 • Public • Published

tclogger

Simplified logging for node.js modules.

Features

  • any code running in the node instance, including external modules, can append log messages.
  • the external modules don't need any configuration knowledge to send messages to the log.
  • there is no need to pass around a syslog object to every function that needs to log something.
  • log messages can be directed anywhere, not just to syslog and console.
  • log messages can go to 0, 1, or many destinations (/dev/null, syslog, file, rabbitmq, e-mail, XMPP, etc).
  • a log destination can be turned on or off at runtime.
  • logged objects are automatically formatted into key=value strings (great for sending messages to splunk).
  • certain fields can be censored to avoid accidentally logging sensitive information.
  • formatted log messages are returned by tclogger to the caller.
  • it accepts multiple arguments and printf-style formats just like console.log.
  • defaults can be supplied that are included in every message.

Installation

npm install --save tclogger

You'll also want to install some transports

npm install --save tclogger-transport-console

Examples

Basic Usage:

const log = require('tclogger');
const consoleTransport = require('tclogger-console-transport');

// install some transports
process.on('log', consoleTransport());

log.inProdEnv('Hello, World!');
// emits ---> { level: 'INFO', message: 'Hello, World!' }

Multiple message arguments:

log.inDevEnv('Hello,', 'World!');
// emits ---> { level: 'DEBUG', message: 'Hello, World!' }

Formatting:

log.toInvestigateTomorrow('CC Charge amount=%d username=%s', 12.85, 'thomasc');
// emits ---> { level: 'WARN', message: 'CC Charge amount=12.85 username=thomasc' }

Non-string message arguments:

log.wakeMeInTheMiddleOfTheNight('IP Whitelist Accept', { remote_ip: remote_ip });
// emits ---> { level: 'ERROR', message: 'IP Whitelist Accept remote_ip=123.123.123.123' }

With censorship:

const log = require('tclogger');
const consoleTransport = require('tclogger-console-transport');

log.censor([
    'card_number', // can contain property names
    /pass(word)?/  // and/or regular expressions
]);

// install some transports
process.on('log', consoleTransport());

log.inProvEnv({ first_name: 'John', last_name: 'Doe', card_number: '1234123412341234' });
// emits ---> { level: 'INFO', message: 'first_name=John last_name=Doe card_number=[redacted]' }

Return value:

if (err) {
    const human_readble_error_string = log.wakeMeInTheMiddleOfTheNight(err);
    displayError(human_readble_error_string);
    callback(err);
    return;
}

Setting defaults that are included in every log message:

var app = express();

app.use(function loggingConfig(req, res, next) {
    req.log = log.defaults({
        request_id: uuid.v1(),
        client_ip: req.ip
    });
});

app.get('/users/:uid', function getRoot(req, res) {
    req.inProdEnv('User Get', req.params);
    // emits ---> { level: 'INFO', message: 'User Get uid=thomasc request_id=e3aec5a8-12af-11e6-a148-3e1d05defe78 client_ip=127.0.0.1' }

    res.render('user', db.getUser(req.params.uid));
});

app.listen(3000);

Theory of Operation

The module provides log functions and the arguments work just like console.log(), supporting a variable number of arguments plus formatting.

When invoked, the logger will format the log message using tclogformat (for example, a JSON object like [ { name: 'Tom' }, { name: 'Phil' } ] becomes 0.name=Tom 1.name=Phil). The log level and message are emitted as a log event though the process event emitter. The main application will provide an event listener to forward the log message to syslog or any other destination (RabbitMQ, log file, database, etc). Finally, the logging function returns the formatted log message which can be displayed/returned to the user if desired.

Transports

Log messages are emitted as log events. Event listeners should be installed to receive the events and send them over the appropriate transport.

To find other transports, just search for tclogger and transport.

Censorship

Any number of fields may be censored. This is useful when logging request objects to avoid accidentally logging a credit card number, password, or other sensitive information.

API

log.inTestEnv(...)

Emits a DEBUG level log message.

log.inProdEnv(...)

Emits an INFO level log message.

log.toInvestigateTomorrow(...)

Emits a WARN level log message.

log.wakeMeInTheMiddleOfTheNight(...)

Emits an ERROR level log message.

log.defaults(...)

Returns a new curried log() function with baked in parameters that are included in all log messages.

Example:

var mylog = log.defaults({ request_id: '7423927D-6F4E-43FE-846E-C474EA3488A3' }, 'foobar');

mylog.inProdEnv('I love golf!');

// emits --> { level: 'INFO', message: 'I love golf! request_id=7423927D-6F4E-43FE-846E-C474EA3488A3 foobar' }

log.censor(arr)

Sets the list of fields to censor from all log messages. The parameter arr is an array which may contain any combination of strings and regular expression objects. The strings and regular expressions are used to match against the log message. To turn off censorship, call this function with an empty array [].

Example:

// set the list
log.censor([ 'card_number', /pass(word)?/ ]);

log.inProdEnv('first_name=John last_name=Doe card_number=1234123412341234 password=pizza');
log.inProdEnv('first_name=%s last_name=%s card_number=%s password=%s', first_name_var, last_name_var, card_number_var, password_var);
log.inProdEnv({ first_name: 'John', last_name: 'Doe', card_number: '1234123412341234', password: 'pizza' });

// each one above emits the same thing -->
// { level: 'INFO', message: 'first_name=John last_name=Doe card_number=[redacted] password=[redacted]' }

log.censor()

Returns a list of fields that are presently being censored from all log messages.

Example:

// get the list of censored fields
console.log(log.censor());
// prints --> [ 'card_number', /pass(word)?/ ]

Testing

There is an automated test suite:

npm test

License

See LICENSE.md.

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Install

npm i tclogger

Weekly Downloads

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Version

3.0.1

License

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