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tar-stream

tar-stream

tar-stream is a streaming tar parser and generator and nothing else. It is streams2 and operates purely using streams which means you can easily extract/parse tarballs without ever hitting the file system.

Note that you still need to gunzip your data if you have a .tar.gz. We recommend using gunzip-maybe in conjunction with this.

npm install tar-stream

build status License

Usage

tar-stream exposes two streams, pack which creates tarballs and extract which extracts tarballs. To modify an existing tarball use both.

It implementes USTAR with additional support for pax extended headers. It should be compatible with all popular tar distributions out there (gnutar, bsdtar etc)

Related

If you want to pack/unpack directories on the file system check out tar-fs which provides file system bindings to this module.

Packing

To create a pack stream use tar.pack() and call pack.entry(header, [callback]) to add tar entries.

var tar = require('tar-stream')
var pack = tar.pack() // pack is a streams2 stream 
 
// add a file called my-test.txt with the content "Hello World!" 
pack.entry({ name: 'my-test.txt' }, 'Hello World!')
 
// add a file called my-stream-test.txt from a stream 
var entry = pack.entry({ name: 'my-stream-test.txt', size: 11 }, function(err) {
  // the stream was added 
  // no more entries 
  pack.finalize()
})
 
entry.write('hello')
entry.write(' ')
entry.write('world')
entry.end()
 
// pipe the pack stream somewhere 
pack.pipe(process.stdout)

Extracting

To extract a stream use tar.extract() and listen for extract.on('entry', (header, stream, next) )

var extract = tar.extract()
 
extract.on('entry', function(header, stream, next) {
  // header is the tar header 
  // stream is the content body (might be an empty stream) 
  // call next when you are done with this entry 
 
  stream.on('end', function() {
    next() // ready for next entry 
  })
 
  stream.resume() // just auto drain the stream 
})
 
extract.on('finish', function() {
  // all entries read 
})
 
pack.pipe(extract)

The tar archive is streamed sequentially, meaning you must drain each entry's stream as you get them or else the main extract stream will receive backpressure and stop reading.

Headers

The header object using in entry should contain the following properties. Most of these values can be found by stat'ing a file.

{
  name: 'path/to/this/entry.txt',
  size: 1314,        // entry size. defaults to 0 
  mode: 0644,        // entry mode. defaults to to 0755 for dirs and 0644 otherwise 
  mtime: new Date(), // last modified date for entry. defaults to now. 
  type: 'file',      // type of entry. defaults to file. can be: 
                     // file | link | symlink | directory | block-device 
                     // character-device | fifo | contiguous-file 
  linkname: 'path',  // linked file name 
  uid: 0,            // uid of entry owner. defaults to 0 
  gid: 0,            // gid of entry owner. defaults to 0 
  uname: 'maf',      // uname of entry owner. defaults to null 
  gname: 'staff',    // gname of entry owner. defaults to null 
  devmajor: 0,       // device major version. defaults to 0 
  devminor: 0        // device minor version. defaults to 0 
}

Modifying existing tarballs

Using tar-stream it is easy to rewrite paths / change modes etc in an existing tarball.

var extract = tar.extract()
var pack = tar.pack()
var path = require('path')
 
extract.on('entry', function(header, stream, callback) {
  // let's prefix all names with 'tmp' 
  header.name = path.join('tmp', header.name)
  // write the new entry to the pack stream 
  stream.pipe(pack.entry(header, callback))
})
 
extract.on('finish', function() {
  // all entries done - lets finalize it 
  pack.finalize()
})
 
// pipe the old tarball to the extractor 
oldTarballStream.pipe(extract)
 
// pipe the new tarball the another stream 
pack.pipe(newTarballStream)

Saving tarball to fs

var fs = require('fs')
var tar = require('tar-stream')
 
var pack = tar.pack() // pack is a streams2 stream 
var path = 'YourTarBall.tar'
var yourTarball = fs.createWriteStream(path)
 
// add a file called YourFile.txt with the content "Hello World!" 
pack.entry({name: 'YourFile.txt'}, 'Hello World!', function (err) {
  if (err) throw err
  pack.finalize()
})
 
// pipe the pack stream to your file 
pack.pipe(yourTarball)
 
yourTarball.on('close', function () {
  console.log(path + ' has been written')
  fs.stat(path, function(err, stats) {
    if (err) throw err
    console.log(stats)
    console.log('Got file info successfully!')
  })
})

Performance

See tar-fs for a performance comparison with node-tar

License

MIT