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tar

node-tar

Fast and full-featured Tar for Node.js

The API is designed to mimic the behavior of tar(1) on unix systems. If you are familiar with how tar works, most of this will hopefully be straightforward for you. If not, then hopefully this module can teach you useful unix skills that may come in handy someday :)

Background

A "tar file" or "tarball" is an archive of file system entries (directories, files, links, etc.) The name comes from "tape archive". If you run man tar on almost any Unix command line, you'll learn quite a bit about what it can do, and its history.

Tar has 5 main top-level commands:

  • c Create an archive
  • r Replace entries within an archive
  • u Update entries within an archive (ie, replace if they're newer)
  • t List out the contents of an archive
  • x Extract an archive to disk

The other flags and options modify how this top level function works.

High-Level API

These 5 functions are the high-level API. All of them have a single-character name (for unix nerds familiar with tar(1)) as well as a long name (for everyone else).

All the high-level functions take the following arguments, all three of which are optional and may be omitted.

  1. options - An optional object specifying various options
  2. paths - An array of paths to add or extract
  3. callback - Called when the command is completed, if async. (If sync or no file specified, providing a callback throws a TypeError.)

If the command is sync (ie, if options.sync=true), then the callback is not allowed, since the action will be completed immediately.

If a file argument is specified, and the command is async, then a Promise is returned. In this case, if async, a callback may be provided which is called when the command is completed.

If a file option is not specified, then a stream is returned. For create, this is a readable stream of the generated archive. For list and extract this is a writable stream that an archive should be written into. If a file is not specified, then a callback is not allowed, because you're already getting a stream to work with.

replace and update only work on existing archives, and so require a file argument.

Sync commands without a file argument return a stream that acts on its input immediately in the same tick. For readable streams, this means that all of the data is immediately available by calling stream.read(). For writable streams, it will be acted upon as soon as it is provided, but this can be at any time.

Warnings

Some things cause tar to emit a warning, but should usually not cause the entire operation to fail. There are three ways to handle warnings:

  1. Ignore them (default) Invalid entries won't be put in the archive, and invalid entries won't be unpacked. This is usually fine, but can hide failures that you might care about.
  2. Notice them Add an onwarn function to the options, or listen to the 'warn' event on any tar stream. The function will get called as onwarn(message, data). Handle as appropriate.
  3. Explode them. Set strict: true in the options object, and warn messages will be emitted as 'error' events instead. If there's no error handler, this causes the program to crash. If used with a promise-returning/callback-taking method, then it'll send the error to the promise/callback.

Examples

The API mimics the tar(1) command line functionality, with aliases for more human-readable option and function names. The goal is that if you know how to use tar(1) in Unix, then you know how to use require('tar') in JavaScript.

To replicate tar czf my-tarball.tgz files and folders, you'd do:

tar.c(
  {
    gzip: <true|gzip options>,
    file: 'my-tarball.tgz'
  },
  ['some', 'files', 'and', 'folders']
).then(_ => { .. tarball has been created .. })

To replicate tar cz files and folders > my-tarball.tgz, you'd do:

tar.c( // or tar.create 
  {
    gzip: <true|gzip options>
  },
  ['some', 'files', 'and', 'folders']
).pipe(fs.createWriteStream('my-tarball.tgz')

To replicate tar xf my-tarball.tgz you'd do:

tar.x(  // or tar.extract( 
  {
    file: 'my-tarball.tgz'
  }
).then(_=> { .. tarball has been dumped in cwd .. })

To replicate cat my-tarball.tgz | tar x -C some-dir --strip=1:

fs.createReadStream('my-tarball.tgz').pipe(
  tar.x({
    strip: 1,
    C: 'some-dir' // alias for cwd:'some-dir', also ok 
  })
)

To replicate tar tf my-tarball.tgz, do this:

tar.t({
  file: 'my-tarball.tgz',
  onentry: entry => { .. do whatever with it .. }
})

To replicate cat my-tarball.tgz | tar t do:

fs.createReadStream('my-tarball.tgz')
  .pipe(tar.t())
  .on('entry', entry => { .. do whatever with it .. })

To do anything synchronous, add sync: true to the options. Note that sync functions don't take a callback and don't return a promise. When the function returns, it's already done. Sync methods without a file argument return a sync stream, which flushes immediately. But, of course, it still won't be done until you .end() it.

To filter entries, add filter: <function> to the options. Tar-creating methods call the filter with filter(path, stat). Tar-reading methods (including extraction) call the filter with filter(path, entry). The filter is called in the this-context of the Pack or Unpack stream object.

The arguments list to tar t and tar x specify a list of filenames to extract or list, so they're equivalent to a filter that tests if the file is in the list.

For those who aren't fans of tar's single-character command names:

tar.c === tar.create
tar.r === tar.replace (appends to archive, file is required)
tar.u === tar.update (appends if newer, file is required)
tar.x === tar.extract
tar.t === tar.list

Keep reading for all the command descriptions and options, as well as the low-level API that they are built on.

tar.c(options, fileList, callback) [alias: tar.create]

Create a tarball archive.

The fileList is an array of paths to add to the tarball. Adding a directory also adds its children recursively.

An entry in fileList that starts with an @ symbol is a tar archive whose entries will be added. To add a file that starts with @, prepend it with ./.

The following options are supported:

  • file Write the tarball archive to the specified filename. If this is specified, then the callback will be fired when the file has been written, and a promise will be returned that resolves when the file is written. If a filename is not specified, then a Readable Stream will be returned which will emit the file data. [Alias: f]
  • sync Act synchronously. If this is set, then any provided file will be fully written after the call to tar.c. If this is set, and a file is not provided, then the resulting stream will already have the data ready to read or emit('data') as soon as you request it.
  • onwarn A function that will get called with (message, data) for any warnings encountered.
  • strict Treat warnings as crash-worthy errors. Default false.
  • cwd The current working directory for creating the archive. Defaults to process.cwd(). [Alias: C]
  • prefix A path portion to prefix onto the entries in the archive.
  • gzip Set to any truthy value to create a gzipped archive, or an object with settings for zlib.Gzip() [Alias: z]
  • filter A function that gets called with (path, stat) for each entry being added. Return true to add the entry to the archive, or false to omit it.
  • portable Omit metadata that is system-specific: ctime, atime, uid, gid, uname, gname, dev, ino, and nlink. Note that mtime is still included, because this is necessary other time-based operations.
  • preservePaths Allow absolute paths. By default, / is stripped from absolute paths. [Alias: P]
  • mode The mode to set on the created file archive
  • noDirRecurse Do not recursively archive the contents of directories. [Alias: n]
  • follow Set to true to pack the targets of symbolic links. Without this option, symbolic links are archived as such. [Alias: L, h]
  • noPax Suppress pax extended headers. Note that this means that long paths and linkpaths will be truncated, and large or negative numeric values may be interpreted incorrectly.

The following options are mostly internal, but can be modified in some advanced use cases, such as re-using caches between runs.

  • linkCache A Map object containing the device and inode value for any file whose nlink is > 1, to identify hard links.
  • statCache A Map object that caches calls lstat.
  • readdirCache A Map object that caches calls to readdir.
  • jobs A number specifying how many concurrent jobs to run. Defaults to 4.
  • maxReadSize The maximum buffer size for fs.read() operations. Defaults to 16 MB.

tar.x(options, fileList, callback) [alias: tar.extract]

Extract a tarball archive.

The fileList is an array of paths to extract from the tarball. If no paths are provided, then all the entries are extracted.

If the archive is gzipped, then tar will detect this and unzip it.

Note that all directories that are created will be forced to be writable, readable, and listable by their owner, to avoid cases where a directory prevents extraction of child entries by virtue of its mode.

The following options are supported:

  • cwd Extract files relative to the specified directory. Defaults to process.cwd(). [Alias: C]
  • file The archive file to extract. If not specified, then a Writable stream is returned where the archive data should be written. [Alias: f]
  • sync Create files and directories synchronously.
  • strict Treat warnings as crash-worthy errors. Default false.
  • filter A function that gets called with (path, entry) for each entry being unpacked. Return true to unpack the entry from the archive, or false to skip it.
  • newer Set to true to keep the existing file on disk if it's newer than the file in the archive. [Alias: keep-newer, keep-newer-files]
  • keep Do not overwrite existing files. In particular, if a file appears more than once in an archive, later copies will not overwrite earlier copies. [Alias: k, keep-existing]
  • preservePaths Allow absolute paths, paths containing .., and extracting through symbolic links. By default, / is stripped from absolute paths, .. paths are not extracted, and any file whose location would be modified by a symbolic link is not extracted. [Alias: P]
  • unlink Unlink files before creating them. Without this option, tar overwrites existing files, which preserves existing hardlinks. With this option, existing hardlinks will be broken, as will any symlink that would affect the location of an extracted file. [Alias: U]
  • strip Remove the specified number of leading path elements. Pathnames with fewer elements will be silently skipped. Note that the pathname is edited after applying the filter, but before security checks. [Alias: strip-components, stripComponents]
  • onwarn A function that will get called with (message, data) for any warnings encountered.
  • preserveOwner If true, tar will set the uid and gid of extracted entries to the uid and gid fields in the archive. This defaults to true when run as root, and false otherwise. If false, then files and directories will be set with the owner and group of the user running the process. This is similar to -p in tar(1), but ACLs and other system-specific data is never unpacked in this implementation, and modes are set by default already. [Alias: p]

The following options are mostly internal, but can be modified in some advanced use cases, such as re-using caches between runs.

  • maxReadSize The maximum buffer size for fs.read() operations. Defaults to 16 MB.
  • umask Filter the modes of entries like process.umask().
  • dmode Default mode for directories
  • fmode Default mode for files
  • dirCache A Map object of which directories exist.
  • maxMetaEntrySize The maximum size of meta entries that is supported. Defaults to 1 MB.

tar.t(options, fileList, callback) [alias: tar.list]

List the contents of a tarball archive.

The fileList is an array of paths to list from the tarball. If no paths are provided, then all the entries are listed.

If the archive is gzipped, then tar will detect this and unzip it.

Returns an event emitter that emits entry events with tar.ReadEntry objects. However, they don't emit 'data' or 'end' events. (If you want to get actual readable entries, use the tar.Parse class instead.)

The following options are supported:

  • cwd Extract files relative to the specified directory. Defaults to process.cwd(). [Alias: C]
  • file The archive file to list. If not specified, then a Writable stream is returned where the archive data should be written. [Alias: f]
  • sync Read the specified file synchronously. (This has no effect when a file option isn't specified, because entries are emitted as fast as they are parsed from the stream anyway.)
  • strict Treat warnings as crash-worthy errors. Default false.
  • filter A function that gets called with (path, entry) for each entry being listed. Return true to emit the entry from the archive, or false to skip it.
  • onentry A function that gets called with (entry) for each entry that passes the filter. This is important for when both file and sync are set, because it will be called synchronously.
  • maxReadSize The maximum buffer size for fs.read() operations. Defaults to 16 MB.
  • noResume By default, entry streams are resumed immediately after the call to onentry. Set noResume: true to suppress this behavior. Note that by opting into this, the stream will never complete until the entry data is consumed.

tar.u(options, fileList, callback) [alias: tar.update]

Add files to an archive if they are newer than the entry already in the tarball archive.

The fileList is an array of paths to add to the tarball. Adding a directory also adds its children recursively.

An entry in fileList that starts with an @ symbol is a tar archive whose entries will be added. To add a file that starts with @, prepend it with ./.

The following options are supported:

  • file Required. Write the tarball archive to the specified filename. [Alias: f]
  • sync Act synchronously. If this is set, then any provided file will be fully written after the call to tar.c.
  • onwarn A function that will get called with (message, data) for any warnings encountered.
  • strict Treat warnings as crash-worthy errors. Default false.
  • cwd The current working directory for adding entries to the archive. Defaults to process.cwd(). [Alias: C]
  • prefix A path portion to prefix onto the entries in the archive.
  • gzip Set to any truthy value to create a gzipped archive, or an object with settings for zlib.Gzip() [Alias: z]
  • filter A function that gets called with (path, stat) for each entry being added. Return true to add the entry to the archive, or false to omit it.
  • portable Omit metadata that is system-specific: ctime, atime, uid, gid, uname, gname, dev, ino, and nlink. Note that mtime is still included, because this is necessary other time-based operations.
  • preservePaths Allow absolute paths. By default, / is stripped from absolute paths. [Alias: P]
  • maxReadSize The maximum buffer size for fs.read() operations. Defaults to 16 MB.
  • noDirRecurse Do not recursively archive the contents of directories. [Alias: n]
  • follow Set to true to pack the targets of symbolic links. Without this option, symbolic links are archived as such. [Alias: L, h]
  • noPax Suppress pax extended headers. Note that this means that long paths and linkpaths will be truncated, and large or negative numeric values may be interpreted incorrectly.

tar.r(options, fileList, callback) [alias: tar.replace]

Add files to an existing archive. Because later entries override earlier entries, this effectively replaces any existing entries.

The fileList is an array of paths to add to the tarball. Adding a directory also adds its children recursively.

An entry in fileList that starts with an @ symbol is a tar archive whose entries will be added. To add a file that starts with @, prepend it with ./.

The following options are supported:

  • file Required. Write the tarball archive to the specified filename. [Alias: f]
  • sync Act synchronously. If this is set, then any provided file will be fully written after the call to tar.c.
  • onwarn A function that will get called with (message, data) for any warnings encountered.
  • strict Treat warnings as crash-worthy errors. Default false.
  • cwd The current working directory for adding entries to the archive. Defaults to process.cwd(). [Alias: C]
  • prefix A path portion to prefix onto the entries in the archive.
  • gzip Set to any truthy value to create a gzipped archive, or an object with settings for zlib.Gzip() [Alias: z]
  • filter A function that gets called with (path, stat) for each entry being added. Return true to add the entry to the archive, or false to omit it.
  • portable Omit metadata that is system-specific: ctime, atime, uid, gid, uname, gname, dev, ino, and nlink. Note that mtime is still included, because this is necessary other time-based operations.
  • preservePaths Allow absolute paths. By default, / is stripped from absolute paths. [Alias: P]
  • maxReadSize The maximum buffer size for fs.read() operations. Defaults to 16 MB.
  • noDirRecurse Do not recursively archive the contents of directories. [Alias: n]
  • follow Set to true to pack the targets of symbolic links. Without this option, symbolic links are archived as such. [Alias: L, h]
  • noPax Suppress pax extended headers. Note that this means that long paths and linkpaths will be truncated, and large or negative numeric values may be interpreted incorrectly.

Low-Level API

class tar.Pack

A readable tar stream.

Has all the standard readable stream interface stuff. 'data' and 'end' events, read() method, pause() and resume(), etc.

constructor(options)

The following options are supported:

  • onwarn A function that will get called with (message, data) for any warnings encountered.
  • strict Treat warnings as crash-worthy errors. Default false.
  • cwd The current working directory for creating the archive. Defaults to process.cwd().
  • prefix A path portion to prefix onto the entries in the archive.
  • gzip Set to any truthy value to create a gzipped archive, or an object with settings for zlib.Gzip()
  • filter A function that gets called with (path, stat) for each entry being added. Return true to add the entry to the archive, or false to omit it.
  • portable Omit metadata that is system-specific: ctime, atime, uid, gid, uname, gname, dev, ino, and nlink. Note that mtime is still included, because this is necessary other time-based operations.
  • preservePaths Allow absolute paths. By default, / is stripped from absolute paths.
  • linkCache A Map object containing the device and inode value for any file whose nlink is > 1, to identify hard links.
  • statCache A Map object that caches calls lstat.
  • readdirCache A Map object that caches calls to readdir.
  • jobs A number specifying how many concurrent jobs to run. Defaults to 4.
  • maxReadSize The maximum buffer size for fs.read() operations. Defaults to 16 MB.
  • noDirRecurse Do not recursively archive the contents of directories.
  • follow Set to true to pack the targets of symbolic links. Without this option, symbolic links are archived as such.
  • noPax Suppress pax extended headers. Note that this means that long paths and linkpaths will be truncated, and large or negative numeric values may be interpreted incorrectly.

add(path)

Adds an entry to the archive. Returns the Pack stream.

write(path)

Adds an entry to the archive. Returns true if flushed.

end()

Finishes the archive.

class tar.Pack.Sync

Synchronous version of tar.Pack.

class tar.Unpack

A writable stream that unpacks a tar archive onto the file system.

All the normal writable stream stuff is supported. write() and end() methods, 'drain' events, etc.

Note that all directories that are created will be forced to be writable, readable, and listable by their owner, to avoid cases where a directory prevents extraction of child entries by virtue of its mode.

'close' is emitted when it's done writing stuff to the file system.

constructor(options)

  • cwd Extract files relative to the specified directory. Defaults to process.cwd().
  • filter A function that gets called with (path, entry) for each entry being unpacked. Return true to unpack the entry from the archive, or false to skip it.
  • newer Set to true to keep the existing file on disk if it's newer than the file in the archive.
  • keep Do not overwrite existing files. In particular, if a file appears more than once in an archive, later copies will not overwrite earlier copies.
  • preservePaths Allow absolute paths, paths containing .., and extracting through symbolic links. By default, / is stripped from absolute paths, .. paths are not extracted, and any file whose location would be modified by a symbolic link is not extracted.
  • unlink Unlink files before creating them. Without this option, tar overwrites existing files, which preserves existing hardlinks. With this option, existing hardlinks will be broken, as will any symlink that would affect the location of an extracted file.
  • strip Remove the specified number of leading path elements. Pathnames with fewer elements will be silently skipped. Note that the pathname is edited after applying the filter, but before security checks.
  • onwarn A function that will get called with (message, data) for any warnings encountered.
  • umask Filter the modes of entries like process.umask().
  • dmode Default mode for directories
  • fmode Default mode for files
  • dirCache A Map object of which directories exist.
  • maxMetaEntrySize The maximum size of meta entries that is supported. Defaults to 1 MB.
  • preserveOwner If true, tar will set the uid and gid of extracted entries to the uid and gid fields in the archive. This defaults to true when run as root, and false otherwise. If false, then files and directories will be set with the owner and group of the user running the process. This is similar to -p in tar(1), but ACLs and other system-specific data is never unpacked in this implementation, and modes are set by default already.
  • win32 True if on a windows platform. Causes behavior where filenames containing <|>? chars are converted to windows-compatible values while being unpacked.

class tar.Unpack.Sync

Synchronous version of tar.Unpack.

class tar.Parse

A writable stream that parses a tar archive stream. All the standard writable stream stuff is supported.

If the archive is gzipped, then tar will detect this and unzip it.

Emits 'entry' events with tar.ReadEntry objects, which are themselves readable streams that you can pipe wherever.

Each entry will not emit until the one before it is flushed through, so make sure to either consume the data (with on('data', ...) or .pipe(...)) or throw it away with .resume() to keep the stream flowing.

constructor(options)

Returns an event emitter that emits entry events with tar.ReadEntry objects.

The following options are supported:

  • cwd Extract files relative to the specified directory. Defaults to process.cwd().
  • strict Treat warnings as crash-worthy errors. Default false.
  • filter A function that gets called with (path, entry) for each entry being listed. Return true to emit the entry from the archive, or false to skip it.
  • onentry A function that gets called with (entry) for each entry that passes the filter.

abort(message, error)

Stop all parsing activities. This is called when there are zlib errors. It also emits a warning with the message and error provided.

class tar.ReadEntry extends MiniPass

A representation of an entry that is being read out of a tar archive.

It has the following fields:

  • extended The extended metadata object provided to the constructor.
  • globalExtended The global extended metadata object provided to the constructor.
  • remain The number of bytes remaining to be written into the stream.
  • blockRemain The number of 512-byte blocks remaining to be written into the stream.
  • ignore Whether this entry should be ignored.
  • meta True if this represents metadata about the next entry, false if it represents a filesystem object.
  • All the fields from the header, extended header, and global extended header are added to the ReadEntry object. So it has path, type, size,mode`, and so on.

constructor(header, extended, globalExtended)

Create a new ReadEntry object with the specified header, extended header, and global extended header values.

class tar.WriteEntry extends MiniPass

A representation of an entry that is being written from the file system into a tar archive.

Emits data for the Header, and for the Pax Extended Header if one is required, as well as any body data.

Creating a WriteEntry for a directory does not also create WriteEntry objects for all of the directory contents.

It has the following fields:

  • path The path field that will be written to the archive. By default, this is also the path from the cwd to the file system object.
  • portable Omit metadata that is system-specific: ctime, atime, uid, gid, uname, gname, dev, ino, and nlink. Note that mtime is still included, because this is necessary other time-based operations.
  • myuid If supported, the uid of the user running the current process.
  • myuser The env.USER string if set, or ''. Set as the entry uname field if the file's uid matches this.myuid.
  • maxReadSize The maximum buffer size for fs.read() operations. Defaults to 1 MB.
  • linkCache A Map object containing the device and inode value for any file whose nlink is > 1, to identify hard links.
  • statCache A Map object that caches calls lstat.
  • preservePaths Allow absolute paths. By default, / is stripped from absolute paths.
  • cwd The current working directory for creating the archive. Defaults to process.cwd().
  • absolute The absolute path to the entry on the filesystem. By default, this is path.resolve(this.cwd, this.path), but it can be overridden explicitly.
  • strict Treat warnings as crash-worthy errors. Default false.
  • win32 True if on a windows platform. Causes behavior where paths replace \ with / and filenames containing the windows-compatible forms of <|>?: characters are converted to actual <|>?: characters in the archive.
  • noPax Suppress pax extended headers. Note that this means that long paths and linkpaths will be truncated, and large or negative numeric values may be interpreted incorrectly.

constructor(path, options)

path is the path of the entry as it is written in the archive.

The following options are supported:

  • portable Omit metadata that is system-specific: ctime, atime, uid, gid, uname, gname, dev, ino, and nlink. Note that mtime is still included, because this is necessary other time-based operations.
  • maxReadSize The maximum buffer size for fs.read() operations. Defaults to 1 MB.
  • linkCache A Map object containing the device and inode value for any file whose nlink is > 1, to identify hard links.
  • statCache A Map object that caches calls lstat.
  • preservePaths Allow absolute paths. By default, / is stripped from absolute paths.
  • cwd The current working directory for creating the archive. Defaults to process.cwd().
  • absolute The absolute path to the entry on the filesystem. By default, this is path.resolve(this.cwd, this.path), but it can be overridden explicitly.
  • strict Treat warnings as crash-worthy errors. Default false.
  • win32 True if on a windows platform. Causes behavior where paths replace \ with /.
  • onwarn A function that will get called with (message, data) for any warnings encountered.

warn(message, data)

If strict, emit an error with the provided message.

Othewise, emit a 'warn' event with the provided message and data.

class tar.WriteEntry.Sync

Synchronous version of tar.WriteEntry

class tar.WriteEntry.Tar

A version of tar.WriteEntry that gets its data from a tar.ReadEntry instead of from the filesystem.

constructor(readEntry, options)

readEntry is the entry being read out of another archive.

The following options are supported:

  • portable Omit metadata that is system-specific: ctime, atime, uid, gid, uname, gname, dev, ino, and nlink. Note that mtime is still included, because this is necessary other time-based operations.
  • preservePaths Allow absolute paths. By default, / is stripped from absolute paths.
  • strict Treat warnings as crash-worthy errors. Default false.
  • onwarn A function that will get called with (message, data) for any warnings encountered.

class tar.Header

A class for reading and writing header blocks.

It has the following fields:

  • nullBlock True if decoding a block which is entirely composed of 0x00 null bytes. (Useful because tar files are terminated by at least 2 null blocks.)
  • cksumValid True if the checksum in the header is valid, false otherwise.
  • needPax True if the values, as encoded, will require a Pax extended header.
  • path The path of the entry.
  • mode The 4 lowest-order octal digits of the file mode. That is, read/write/execute permissions for world, group, and owner, and the setuid, setgid, and sticky bits.
  • uid Numeric user id of the file owner
  • gid Numeric group id of the file owner
  • size Size of the file in bytes
  • mtime Modified time of the file
  • cksum The checksum of the header. This is generated by adding all the bytes of the header block, treating the checksum field itself as all ascii space characters (that is, 0x20).
  • type The human-readable name of the type of entry this represents, or the alphanumeric key if unknown.
  • typeKey The alphanumeric key for the type of entry this header represents.
  • linkpath The target of Link and SymbolicLink entries.
  • uname Human-readable user name of the file owner
  • gname Human-readable group name of the file owner
  • devmaj The major portion of the device number. Always 0 for files, directories, and links.
  • devmin The minor portion of the device number. Always 0 for files, directories, and links.
  • atime File access time.
  • ctime File change time.

constructor(data, [offset=0])

data is optional. It is either a Buffer that should be interpreted as a tar Header starting at the specified offset and continuing for 512 bytes, or a data object of keys and values to set on the header object, and eventually encode as a tar Header.

decode(block, offset)

Decode the provided buffer starting at the specified offset.

Buffer length must be greater than 512 bytes.

set(data)

Set the fields in the data object.

encode(buffer, offset)

Encode the header fields into the buffer at the specified offset.

Returns this.needPax to indicate whether a Pax Extended Header is required to properly encode the specified data.

class tar.Pax

An object representing a set of key-value pairs in an Pax extended header entry.

It has the following fields. Where the same name is used, they have the same semantics as the tar.Header field of the same name.

  • global True if this represents a global extended header, or false if it is for a single entry.
  • atime
  • charset
  • comment
  • ctime
  • gid
  • gname
  • linkpath
  • mtime
  • path
  • size
  • uid
  • uname
  • dev
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constructor(object, global)

Set the fields set in the object. global is a boolean that defaults to false.

encode()

Return a Buffer containing the header and body for the Pax extended header entry, or null if there is nothing to encode.

encodeBody()

Return a string representing the body of the pax extended header entry.

encodeField(fieldName)

Return a string representing the key/value encoding for the specified fieldName, or '' if the field is unset.

tar.Pax.parse(string, extended, global)

Return a new Pax object created by parsing the contents of the string provided.

If the extended object is set, then also add the fields from that object. (This is necessary because multiple metadata entries can occur in sequence.)

tar.types

A translation table for the type field in tar headers.

tar.types.name.get(code)

Get the human-readable name for a given alphanumeric code.

tar.types.code.get(name)

Get the alphanumeric code for a given human-readable name.