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sw-precache-webpack-plugin

SW Precache Webpack Plugin

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SWPrecacheWebpackPlugin is a webpack plugin for using service workers to cache your external project dependencies. It will generate a service worker file using sw-precache and add it to your build directory.

Install

npm install --save-dev sw-precache-webpack-plugin

Basic Usage

A simple configuration example that will work well in most production environments. Based on the configuration used in create-react-app.

var path = require('path');
var SWPrecacheWebpackPlugin = require('sw-precache-webpack-plugin');
 
const PUBLIC_PATH = 'https://www.my-project-name.com/';  // webpack needs the trailing slash for output.publicPath 
 
module.exports = {
 
  entry: {
    main: path.resolve(__dirname, 'src/index'),
  },
 
  output: {
    path: path.resolve(__dirname, 'src/bundles/'),
    filename: '[name]-[hash].js',
    publicPath: PUBLIC_PATH,
  },
 
  plugins: [
    new SWPrecacheWebpackPlugin(
      {
        cacheId: 'my-project-name',
        dontCacheBustUrlsMatching: /\.\w{8}\./,
        filename: 'service-worker.js',
        minify: true,
        navigateFallback: PUBLIC_PATH + 'index.html',
        staticFileGlobsIgnorePatterns: [/\.map$/, /asset-manifest\.json$/],
      }
    ),
  ],
}

This will generate a new service worker at src/bundles/service-worker.js. Then you would just register it in your application:

(function() {
  if('serviceWorker' in navigator) {
    navigator.serviceWorker.register('/my-service-worker.js');
  }
})();

Another example of registering a service worker is provided by GoogleChrome/sw-precache

Configuration

You can pass a hash of configuration options to SWPrecacheWebpackPlugin:

plugin options:

  • filename: [String] - Service worker filename, default is service-worker.js
  • filepath: [String] - Service worker path and name, default is to use webpack.output.path + options.filename. This will override filename. Warning: Make the service worker available in the same directory it will be needed. This is because the scope of the service worker is defined by the directory the worker exists.
  • staticFileGlobsIgnorePatterns: [RegExp] - Define an optional array of regex patterns to filter out of staticFileGlobs (see below)
  • mergeStaticsConfig: [boolean] - Merge provided staticFileGlobs and stripPrefixMulti with webpack's config, rather than having those take precedence, default is false.
  • minify: [boolean] - Set to true to minify and uglify the generated service-worker, default is false.

sw-precache options: Pass any option from sw-precache into your configuration. Some of these will be automatically be populated if you do not specify the value and a couple others will be modified to be more compatible with webpack. Options that are populated / modified:

  • cacheId: [String] - Not required but you should include this, it will give your service worker cache a unique name. Defaults to "sw-precache-webpack-plugin".
  • importScripts: [Array<String|Object>]
    • When importScripts array item is a String:
      • Converts to object format { filename: '<publicPath>/my-script.js'}
    • When importScripts array item is an Object:
      • Looks for chunkName property.
      • Looks for filename property.
      • If a chunkName is specified, it will override the accompanied value for filename.
  • replacePrefix: [String] - Should only be used in conjunction with stripPrefix
  • staticFileGlobs: [Array<String>] - Omit this to allow the plugin to cache all your bundles' emitted assets. If mergeStaticsConfig=true: this value will be merged with your bundles' emitted assets, otherwise this value is just passed to sw-precache and emitted assets won't be included.
  • stripPrefix: [String] - Same as stripPrefixMulti[stripPrefix] = ''
  • stripPrefixMulti: [Object<String,String>] - Omit this to use your webpack config's output.path + '/': output.publicPath. If mergeStaticsConfig=true, this value will be merged with your webpack's output.path: publicPath for stripping prefixes. Otherwise this property will be passed directly to sw-precache and Webpack's output path won't be replaced.

Note that all configuration options are optional. SWPrecacheWebpackPlugin will by default use all your assets emitted by webpack's compiler for the staticFileGlobs parameter and your webpack config's {[output.path + '/']: output.publicPath} as the stripPrefixMulti parameter. This behavior is probably what you want, all your webpack assets will be cached by your generated service worker. Just don't pass any arguments when you initialize this plugin, and let this plugin handle generating your sw-precache configuration.

Examples

See the examples documentation or the implementation in create-react-app.

Simplest Example

No arguments are required by default, SWPrecacheWebpackPlugin will use information provided by webpack to generate a service worker into your build directory that caches all your webpack assets.

module.exports = {
  ...
  plugins: [
    new SWPrecacheWebpackPlugin(),
  ],
  ...
}

Advanced Example

Here's a more elaborate example with mergeStaticsConfig: true and staticFileGlobsIgnorePatterns. mergeStaticsConfig: true allows you to add some additional static file globs to the emitted ServiceWorker file alongside Webpack's emitted assets. staticFileGlobsIgnorePatterns can be used to avoid including sourcemap file references in the generated ServiceWorker.

plugins: [
  new SWPrecacheWebpackPlugin({
    cacheId: 'my-project-name',
    filename: 'my-project-service-worker.js',
    staticFileGlobs: [
      'src/static/img/**.*',
      'src/static/styles.css',
    ],
    stripPrefix: 'src/static/', // stripPrefixMulti is also supported 
    mergeStaticsConfig: true, // if you don't set this to true, you won't see any webpack-emitted assets in your serviceworker config 
    staticFileGlobsIgnorePatterns: [/\.map$/], // use this to ignore sourcemap files 
  }),
]

importScripts usage example

Accepts an array of <String|Object>'s. String entries are legacy supported. Use filename instead.

If importScripts item is object, there are 2 possible properties to set on this object:

  • filename: Use this if you are referencing a path that "you just know" exists. You probably don't want to use this for named chunks.
  • chunkName: Supports named entry chunks & dynamically imported named chunks.
entry: {
  main: __dirname + '/src/index.js',
  sw: __dirname + '/src/service-worker-entry.js'
},
output: {
  publicPath: '/my/public/path',
  chunkfileName: '[name].[<hash|chunkhash>].js'
},
plugins: [
  new SWPrecacheWebpackPlugin({
    filename: 'my-project-service-worker.js',
    importSripts: [
      // * legacy supported 
      // [chunkhash] is not supported for this usage 
      // This is transformed to new object syntax: 
      // { filename: '/my/public/path/some-known-script-path.js' } 
      'some-known-script-path.js',
 
      // This use case is identical to above, except 
      // for excluding the .[hash] part: 
      { filename: 'some-known-script-path.[hash].js' },
 
      // When [chunkhash] is specified in filename: 
      // - filename must match the format specified in output.chunkfileName 
      // - If chunkName is invalid; an error will be reported 
      { chunkName: 'sw' },
 
      // Works for named entry chunks & dynamically imported named chunks: 
      // For ex, if in your code is: 
      // import(/* webpackChunkName: "my-named-chunk" */ './my-async-script.js'); 
      { chunkName: 'my-named-chunk' },
 
      // All importSripts entries resolve to a string, therefore 
      // the final output of the above input is: 
      // [ 
      //   '/my/public/path/some-known-script-path.js', 
      //   '/my/public/path/some-known-script-path.<compilation hash>.js', 
      //   '/my/public/path/some-known-script-path.<chunkhash>.js', 
      //   '/my/public/path/<id>.my-named-chunk.<chunkhash>.js' 
      // ] 
    ]
  }),
]

Webpack Dev Server Support

Currently SWPrecacheWebpackPlugin will not work with Webpack Dev Server. If you wish to test the service worker locally, you can use simple a node server see example project or python SimpleHTTPServer from your build directory. I would suggest pointing your node server to a different port than your usual local development port and keeping the precache service worker out of your local configuration (example).

There will likely never be webpack-dev-server support. sw-precache needs physical files in order to generate the service worker. Webpack-dev-server files are in-memory. It is only possible to provide sw-precache with globs to find these files. It will follow the glob pattern and generate a list of file names to cache.

Contributing

Install node dependencies:

  $ npm install

Or:

  $ yarn

Add unit tests for your new feature in ./test/plugin.spec.js

Testing

Tests are located in ./test

Run tests:

  $ npm t