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    svelte-ethers-store
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    2.3.1 • Public • Published

    svelte-ethers-store

    Use the ethers.js library as a collection of readable Svelte stores for Svelte, Sapper or SvelteKit.

    If you prefer to use the web3.js library to interact with EVM, you may be interested by the sister package svelte-web3.

    Community

    For additional help or discussion, join us in our Discord.

    Installation

    Add the svelte-ethers-store package

    npm i svelte-ethers-store

    Basic usage (default stores connected to one chain)

    Derived stores

    This library creates a set of readable Svelte stores that are automatically updated when a new connection happens, or when the chain or the selected account change. You can import them directly in any Svelte or JavaScript files :

    import { connected, provider, chainId, chainData, signer, signerAddress, contracts } from 'svelte-ethers-store'
    • connected: store value is true if a connection has been set up.
    • provider: store value is an Ethers.js Provider instance when connected.
    • chainId: store value is the current chainId when connected.
    • chainData: store value is the current blokchain CAIP-2 data (when connected), see below.
    • signer: store value is an Ethers.js Signer instance when connected.
    • signerAddress: store value is a shortcut to get $signer.getAddress() when connected.
    • contract: store value is an Object for all ethers.Contract instances you need.

    For these stores to be useful in your Svelte application, a connection to an EVM blockchain first need to established . The abstract helper defaultEvmStores can be used to initiate the connection and automatically instanciate all stores.

    import { defaultEvmStores } from 'svelte-ethers-store'

    Connection with the browser provider (eg wallets like Metamask)

    To enable a connection with the current EIP-1193 provider injected in the browser window context, simply call setProvider on the library abstract helper with no argument:

    defaultEvmStores.setProvider()

    Please note that setProvider can only to be called with no argument in a browser context. So you may want to use onMount when using Sapper or SvelteKit. Similarly, you cannot use setProvider with no argument in SSR context.

      onMount(
        () => {
          // add a test to return in SSR context
          defaultEvmStores.setProvider()
        }
      )

    svelte-ethers-store will automatically update the stores when the network or accounts change and remove listeners at disconnection.

    previous version of svelte-ethers-store were using a special method setBrowserProvider. The former naming still works but will be removed in later versions. Please update your code!

    Connection with non injected EIP-1193 providers

    To connect to non injected EIP-1193 providers like :

    • buidler.dev
    • ethers.js
    • eth-provider
    • WalletConnect
    • Web3Modal

    Call setProvider on the library abstract helper with the JavaScript provider instance object of the library. For example with Web3Modal :

    const web3Modal = new Web3Modal(<your config>)
    const provider = await web3Modal.connect()
    defaultEvmStores.setProvider(provider)

    svelte-ethers-store will automatically update the stores when the network or accounts change and remove listeners at disconnection.

    Connection with other Ethers.js providers (ws, http, ipc, ...)

    You can instanciate many types of providers using Ethers.js, see the relevant documentation and simply pass them as argument to defaultEvmStores.setProvider() to inititate the stores:

    defaultEvmStores.setProvider(new ethers.providers.InfuraProvider(<args>))
    // or 
    defaultEvmStores.setProvider(new ethers.providers.EtherscanProvider(<args>))
    // or 
    defaultEvmStores.setProvider(new ethers.providers.AlchemyProvider(<args>))
    // etc...

    As a shortcut, if you pass an URL string or a valid connection object, a Ethers.js JsonRpcProvider will be automatically instantiated.

    For provider that support the function getSigner(), a Signer Object will be automatically associated with the signer store. You can also pass addressOrIndex as the second argument of setProvider() to select another account than the default when possible.

    defaultEvmStores.setProvider(<Ethers provider>, <addressOrIndex>)

    Using the stores

    After a connection has been established, you may import the stores anywhere in your application. Most of the time, you should use the $ prefix Svelte notation to access the stores values.

    <script>
    
      import { connected, chainId, signerAddress } from 'svelte-ethers-store'
    
    </script>
    
    {#if !$connected}
    
    <p>My application is not yet connected</p>
    
    {:else}
    
    <p>Connected to chain (id {$chainId}) with account ($signerAddress)</p>
    
    {/if}

    Using the Ethers.js Providers and Signers API

    Likewise use the $ prefix Svelte notation to access Provider or Signer read-only abstractions and use the whole Ethers.js API. (beware, in the Ethers library documentation, Provider or Signer instances are always noted as provider and signer, without $, but in the context of svelte-ethers-store, this naming is used by the Svelte stores themselves encapsulating Provider or Signer instances).

      import { connected, provider, signer } from 'svelte-ethers-store'
    
      // ...
    
      const { name, chainId } = await $provider.getNetwork()
    
      const balance = await $signer.getBalance()
      
      $signer.sendTransaction({<to>, <value>, <gasLimit>});

    For providers that don't support getSigner, the value $signer will be null.

    Using the contracts store for reactive contract calls

    To enjoy the same reactivity as using $provider and $signer but with a contract instance, you first need to declare its address and interface. To differenciate each ethers.Contract instance, you also need to define a logical name. That's the function attachContract:

    <script>
    
      import { defaultEvmStores } from 'svelte-ethers-store'
    
      // ... 
    
      defaultEvmStores.attachContract('myContract',<address>, <abi>)
    
    </script>

    attachContract only needs to be called once and can be called before connection since ethers.Contract instances will only be created when a connection becomes available. You may want to reattach new contract definition or abi for example when you the current network change. For the old definition will be overwritten and instance updated in the contracts store, simply use the same logical name.

    After a contract as be declared, you can use its instance anywhere using the $ notation and the logical name :

    <script>
    
      import { contracts } from 'svelte-ethers-store'
    
      // ... 
    
    </script>
    
    
      {#await $contracts.myContract.totalSupply()}
    
      <span>waiting...</span>
    
      {:then value}
    
      <span>result of contract call totalSupply on my contract : { value }   </span>
    
      {/await}

    By default, svelte-ethers-store build contract instances using the signer if available and if not the provider. You may want to force using the current provider by passing false as fourth argument.

      defaultEvmStores.attachContract('myContract', <address>, <abi>, <signerIfavailble>)

    Reading stores outside of Svelte files

    The $ prefix Svelte notation to access store values is only available inside Svelte files. To directly access the instantiated values in pure javascript library without subscribing to the store, you can use a special getter on the library abstract helper:

    // this is not a Svelte file but a standard JavaScript file 
    import { defaultEvmStores } from 'svelte-ethers-store'
    
    if (defaultEvmStores.$selectedAccount) {
    
      // do something if store selectedAccount is non null
    
    }

    Forcing a disconnect (and removing all listeners)

    Simply call the function disconnect directly on the on the library abstract helper:

    defaultEvmStores.disconnect()

    Human readable chain CAIP-2 information

    chainData is a store returning the current JavaScript CAIP-2 representation object.

    Example

    The information returned by the chainData store depends (like all other ethers stores) on which chain the current provider is connected. If the store has not yet been connected (with setProvider), the store value will be undefined.

    This object is extremely useful to build components that reactively update all variables elements that depends on the current active chain or account.

    Below is the CAIP-2 formatted information when the default store is connected with the Ethereum Mainnet :

    {
      "name": "Ethereum Mainnet",
      "chain": "ETH",
      "icon": "ethereum",
      "rpc": [
        "https://mainnet.infura.io/v3/${INFURA_API_KEY}",
        "https://api.mycryptoapi.com/eth"
      ],
      "faucets": [],
      "nativeCurrency": {
        "name": "Ether",
        "symbol": "ETH",
        "decimals": 18
      },
      "infoURL": "https://ethereum.org",
      "shortName": "eth",
      "chainId": 1,
      "networkId": 1,
      "slip44": 60,
      "ens": { "registry": "0x00000000000C2E074eC69A0dFb2997BA6C7d2e1e" },
      "explorers": [{
        "name": "etherscan",
        "url": "https://etherscan.io",
        "standard": "EIP3091"
      }]
    }

    You might want to access all chains CAIP-2 data directly without using the chainData store. In this case, use the getter allChainsData, it returns the list of all CAIP-2 data available.

    import { allChainsData } from 'svelte-ethers-store'
    
    console.log( allChainsData )

    Ethers Svelte components [ experimental ]

    We plan to export generic Svelte low level components both to demonstrate the use of the svelte-ethers-store library and as resuable and composable best practices components. A Balance and Identicon components have been implemented for now. You are welcome to help define and develop new components by joining our discussions in our Discord.

    See also the components route in the example directory.

      import { Balance } from 'svelte-ethers-store/components'
    </script>
    
    <p>balance = <Balance address="0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000" /></p>

    FAQ

    • Cannot read property 'BN' of undefined using SvelteKit : ethers has not been detected by Vite. You need import ethers somewhere in your app or add optimizeDeps: { include: [ 'ethers' ] } in svelte.config.js

    Install

    npm i svelte-ethers-store

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    274

    Version

    2.3.1

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    594 kB

    Total Files

    15

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • clbrge