stitches-native
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    0.1.0 • Public • Published

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    Stitches Native

    · React Native implementation of the popular CSS-in-JS library Stitches ·

    Installation

    npm install stitches-native

    or if you use yarn:

    yarn add stitches-native

    Documentation

    For the most part Stitches Native behaves exactly as Stitches so you should follow the Stitches documentation to learn the basic principles and how to setup everything.

    Differences

    Due to the inherit differences between the Web and native platforms (iOS + Android) the implementation of Stitches Native differs slightly from the original Web version of Stitches.

    First of all, CSS in React Native doesn't have CSS Variables, cascade, inheritance, keyframes, pseudo elements/classes, or global styles which means that some features that are available in Stitches are not possible to implement in Stitches Native.

    Below you can see a list of all supported and unsupported features of Stitches Native.

    Feature comparison

    Feature Supported
    styled (with additional .attrs support)
    createStitches
    defaultThemeMap
    css (Simplified version)
    theme
    createTheme (Only returned by createStitches)
    globalCss (No global styles in RN)
    keyframes (No CSS keyframes in RN)
    getCssText (SSR not applicable to RN)
    Nesting (No CSS cascade in RN)
    Selectors (No CSS selectors in RN)
    Locally scoped tokens (No CSS variables in RN)
    Pseudo elements (No pseudo elements/classes in RN)

    Using createStitches function

    The createStitches function doesn't need prefix or insertionMethod since they are not used in the native implementation.

    import { createStitches } from 'stitches-native';
    
    createStitches({
      theme: object,
      media: object,
      utils: object,
      themeMap: object,
    });

    The return value of createStitches doesn't include globalCss, keyframes, or getCssText since they are not available in native platforms. React Native doesn't have any CSS keyframes based animations and all animations should be handled by the Animated API or with libraries such as react-native-reanimated.

    The return value of createStitches consist of the following:

    const { styled, css, theme, createTheme, useTheme, ThemeProvider, config } =
      createStitches({
        /*...*/
      });

    Supported token types

    The following token types are supported in React Native: borderStyles, borderWidths, colors, fonts, fontSizes, fontWeights, letterSpacings, lineHeights, radii, sizes, space, zIndices.

    The only unsupported token types are shadows and transitions. Shadows in React Native cannot be expressed with a single string token like on the Web where CSS box-shadow accepts a string that fully describes the shadow. In React Native shadows are defined differently on iOS and Android. On iOS you need to set the various shadow properties separately:

    shadowOffset: {
      width: number,
      height: number
    },
    shadowOpacity: number,
    shadowRadius: number

    On Android there is a completely different elevation system that doesn't let you alter individual shadow properties but instead you have to set a single number as the elevation level:

    elevation: number;

    So, instead of having shadows as part of the design tokens in the theme we can quite easily define shadow utilities inside utils:

    createStitches({
      utils: {
        shadow: (level: 'small' | 'medium' | 'large') => {
          return {
            small: {
              elevation: 2,
              shadowOffset: { width: 0, height: 1 },
              shadowRadius: 3,
              shadowOpacity: 0.1,
              shadowColor: '#000',
            },
            medium: {
              elevation: 5,
              shadowOffset: { width: 0, height: 3 },
              shadowRadius: 6,
              shadowOpacity: 0.2,
              shadowColor: '#000',
            },
            large: {
              elevation: 10,
              shadowOffset: { width: 0, height: 6 },
              shadowRadius: 12,
              shadowOpacity: 0.4,
              shadowColor: '#000',
            },
          }[level];
        },
      },
    });

    You can then use the shadow util like this:

    const Comp = styled('View', {
      shadow: 'medium',
    });

    The other unsupported token type is transitions which conflicts with how animations are handled in React Native. Read more about animations in the Animations docs.

    Using css helper

    Unlike on the Web there is no concept of className in React Native so the css function is basically an identity function providing only TS types for the style object and returning exactly the same object back (or if given multiple objects merges them together). The returned object can be appended after the first argument of a styled component.

    const styles = css({
      backgroundColor: '$background', // <- get autocomplete for theme values
    });
    
    const SomeComp = styled(
      'View',
      {
        /* ...other styles... */
      },
      styles // <- you can add as many shared styles as you want
    );
    
    <AnotherComp css={styles} />;

    Theming with createTheme

    Stitches Native handles theming differently than Stitches. Since there are no CSS Variables in React Native theming is handled via React Context in a similar way as other CSS-in-JS libraries such as styled-components handle theming.

    const { theme, createTheme, ThemeProvider } = createStitches({
      colors: {
        background: '#fff',
        text: '#000',
      },
    });
    
    const darkTheme = createTheme({
      colors: {
        background: '#000',
        text: '#fff',
      },
    });
    
    function App() {
      // In a real world scenario this value should probably live in React Context
      const [darkMode, setDarkMode] = useState(false);
    
      return (
        <ThemeProvider theme={darkMode ? darkTheme : theme}>
          {/*...*/}
        </ThemeProvider>
      );
    }

    Responsive styles with media

    Responsive styles are not very common in React Native applications since you usually have a clearly constrained device environment where the app is used. However, some times you might need to tweak a style for very small or large phones or build an app that needs to adapt to tablet devices. For these use cases Stitches Native has support for two kinds of responsive styles:

    1. Device types based media flags
    2. Device dimensions based media queries

    Device types based media flags

    Simple boolean flags in the media config can be used to distinguish between device types, eg. phone vs. tablet. You can utilize getDeviceType() or isTablet() from react-native-device-info to get the device type.

    const isTablet = DeviceInfo.isTablet();
    
    const { ... } = createStitches({
      media: {
        phone: !isTablet,
        tablet: isTablet,
      },
    });

    Then you can apply different prop values for variants of a styled components based on the device type:

    const ButtonText = styled('Text', {
      // base styles
    
      variants: {
        color: {
          primary: {
            color: '$primary',
          },
          secondary: {
            color: '$secondary',
          },
        },
      },
    });
    
    <ButtonText color={{ '@phone': 'primary', '@tablet': 'secondary' }}>
      Hello
    </ButtonText>;

    Device dimensions based media queries

    It's also possible to have a more Web-like breakpoint system based on the dimensions of the device. The syntax for the queries follows the CSS range queries syntax which means that there is no need to use min-width or max-width.

    Examples of supported range queries:

    • (width > 750px)
    • (width >= 750px)
    • (width < 1080px)
    • (width <= 1080px)
    • (750px > width >= 1080px)

    ⚠️ NOTE: Only width based media queries are currently supported.

    const { ... } = createStitches({
      media: {
        md: '(width >= 750px)',
        lg: '(width >= 1080px)',
        xl: '(width >= 1284px)',
        xxl: '(width >= 1536px)',
      },
    });

    ⚠️ NOTE: The order of the media query keys matters and the responsive styles are applied in the order determined by Object.entries method.

    Using media queries works the same way as device type flags:

    const ButtonText = styled('Text', {
      // base styles
    
      variants: {
        color: {
          primary: {
            color: '$primary',
          },
          secondary: {
            color: '$secondary',
          },
        },
      },
    });
    
    <ButtonText
      color={{
        '@initial': 'primary',
        '@md': 'secondary',
        '@lg': 'tertiary',
      }}
    >
      Hello
    </ButtonText>;

    Additional props with .attrs

    In React Native it is quite common that a component exposes props (other than style) that accept a style object - a good example of this is the ScrollView component that has contentContainerStyle prop. Using theme tokens with these kind of props can be accomplished with the useTheme hook:

    function Comp() {
      const theme = useTheme();
    
      return (
        <ScrollView contentContainerStyle={{ padding: theme.space[2] }}>
          {/* ... */}
        </ScrollView>
      );
    }
    
    const ScrollView = styled('ScrollView', {
      flex: 1,
    });

    This approach is fine but a bit convoluted since you have to import a hook just to access the theme tokens. There is a better way with the chainable .attrs method which can be used to attach additional props to a Stitches styled component (this method was popularized by styled-components).

    ⚠️ NOTE: this method does not exist in the original Web version of Stitches.

    function Example() {
      return <ScrollView>{/*...*/}</ScrollView>;
    }
    
    const ScrollView = styled('ScrollView', {
      flex: 1,
    }).attrs((props) => ({
      contentContainerStyle: {
        padding: props.theme.space[2],
      },
    }));

    It is also possible to access the variants of the component within .attrs:

    function Example() {
      return <ScrollView spacious>{/*...*/}</ScrollView>;
    }
    
    const ScrollView = styled('ScrollView', {
      flex: 1,
      variants: {
        spacious: {
          true: {
            // some styles...
          },
          false: {
            // some styles...
          },
        },
      },
    }).attrs((props) => ({
      contentContainerStyle: {
        padding: props.theme.space[props.spacious ? 4 : 2],
      },
    }));

    Install

    npm i stitches-native

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    187

    Version

    0.1.0

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    168 kB

    Total Files

    29

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • taskuteemu