Naivete Precedes Misrepresentation

    sql-concat

    3.0.0 • Public • Published

    sql-concat

    A MySQL query builder.

    const q = require('sql-concat')
    

    The only "breaking" change from 1.x to 2.x is that support for versions of node older than 6 was dropped.

    Designed to...

    • Build queries programmatically
    • Allow simple combining of query parts and their associated parameters (as opposed to writing a long query string followed by a long array of parameter values)
    • Build queries for the mysqljs/mysql library (specifically, by expecting its rules for query values instead of MySQL's stored procedure parameters)

    Features

    • Easily compose query parts - the query-builder object is immutable, so you can build up a base query and re-use it over and over again with small modifications (for example, with conditional where clauses or joins)
    • Not as overblown as knex, and allows more freedom in using string literals within query chunks
    • Queries should look good when printed out (newlines between clauses, subqueries indented with tabs)

    Looks like

    const q = require('sql-concat')
    
    const minNumber = 0
    const result = q.select('table1.some_boring_id, table2.something_interesting, mystery_table.surprise', q`LEAST(table1.whatever, ${minNumber}) AS whatever`)
    	.from('table1')
    	.join('table2', 'table1.some_boring_id = table2.id')
    	.leftJoin('mystery_table', 'mystery_table.twister_reality = table2.probably_null_column')
    	.where('table1.pants', 'fancy')
    	.where('table1.britches', '>', 99)
    	.build()
    
    const expectedQuery = 'SELECT table1.some_boring_id, table2.something_interesting, mystery_table.surprise, LEAST(table1.whatever, ?) AS whatever\n'
    		+ 'FROM table1\n'
    		+ 'JOIN table2 ON table1.some_boring_id = table2.id\n'
    		+ 'LEFT JOIN mystery_table ON mystery_table.twister_reality = table2.probably_null_column\n'
    		+ 'WHERE table1.pants = ? AND table1.britches > ?'
    
    result.sql // => expectedQuery
    
    result.values // => [ 0, 'fancy', 99 ]

    A cooler example

    Showing off the composability/reusability of the query objects, plus some dynamic query building:

    // A partial query that we can just leave here to reuse later:
    const MOST_RECENT_SALE = q.select('item_sale.item_id, MAX(item_sale.date) AS `date`')
    	.from('item_sale')
    	.groupBy('item_sale.item_id')
    
    function mostRecentSalePricesQuery(taxable, itemType) {
    	const subquery = MOST_RECENT_SALE.where('taxable', taxable)
    
    	let query = q.select('item.item_id, item.description, item.type, latest_sale.date AS latest_sale_date, latest_sale.price')
    		.from('item')
    		.join(subquery, 'latest_sale', 'latest_sale.item_id = item.item_id')
    
    	// Dynamically add new clauses to the query as needed
    	if (itemType) {
    		query = query.where('item.item_type', itemType)
    	}
    
    	return query.build()
    }
    
    // Build those dynamic queries:
    
    const taxableSpecialQuery = mostRecentSalePricesQuery(true, 'special')
    
    const expectedTaxableSpecialQuery = ['SELECT item.item_id, item.description, item.type, latest_sale.date AS latest_sale_date, latest_sale.price',
    	'FROM item',
    	'JOIN (',
    	'\tSELECT item_sale.item_id, MAX(item_sale.date) AS `date`',
    	'\tFROM item_sale',
    	'\tWHERE taxable = ?',
    	'\tGROUP BY item_sale.item_id',
    	') AS latest_sale ON latest_sale.item_id = item.item_id',
    	'WHERE item.item_type = ?'].join('\n')
    
    taxableSpecialQuery.sql // => expectedTaxableSpecialQuery
    taxableSpecialQuery.values // => [ true, 'special' ]
    
    const nonTaxableQuery = mostRecentSalePricesQuery(false)
    
    const expectedNonTaxableQuery = ['SELECT item.item_id, item.description, item.type, latest_sale.date AS latest_sale_date, latest_sale.price',
    	'FROM item',
    	'JOIN (',
    	'\tSELECT item_sale.item_id, MAX(item_sale.date) AS `date`',
    	'\tFROM item_sale',
    	'\tWHERE taxable = ?',
    	'\tGROUP BY item_sale.item_id',
    	') AS latest_sale ON latest_sale.item_id = item.item_id'].join('\n')
    
    nonTaxableQuery.sql // => expectedNonTaxableQuery
    nonTaxableQuery.values // => [ false ]

    API

    Because the mysql package already makes inserting so easy, this module is focused on SELECT queries. I've implemented new clauses as I've needed them, and it's pretty well fleshed out at the moment.

    If you need a clause added that is not implemented yet, feel free to open a pull request. If you're not sure what the API should look like, open an issue and we can talk it through.

    Clauses

    Every clause method returns a new immutable q query object.

    • q.select(expression1, expression2, etc)
    • q.from(tablename | subquery, alias)
    • q.join(tablename | subquery, [alias], on)
    • q.leftJoin(tablename | subquery, [alias], on)
    • q.where(expression, [comparator, [value]])
    • q.orWhere(expression, [comparator, [value]])
    • q.whereLike(expression, value)
    • q.orWhereLike(expression, value)
    • q.having(expression, [comparator, [value]])
    • q.orHaving(expression, [comparator, [value]])
    • q.groupBy(expression1, expression2, etc)
    • q.orderBy(expression1, expression2, etc)
    • q.limit(offset)
    • q.forUpdate()
    • q.lockInShareMode()

    expression strings are inserted without being parameterized, but you can also pass in tagged template strings to do anything special.

    All values are automatically parameterized. If a value is NULL it will be automatically compared with IS, and if it's an array it will be automatically compared with IN():

    const whereInResult = q.select('fancy')
        .from('table')
        .where('table.pants', [ 'fancy', 'boring' ])
        .build()
    
    const whereInQuery = 'SELECT fancy\n'
            + 'FROM table\n'
            + 'WHERE table.pants IN(?)'
    
    whereInResult.sql // => whereInQuery
    
    whereInResult.values // => [ [ 'fancy', 'boring' ] ]

    Put another way, calling q.select('column1, column2') is just as acceptable as calling q.select('column1', 'column2') and you should use whichever you prefer.

    Clause order

    Clauses are returned in the correct order no matter what order you call the methods in.

    q.from('table').select('column').toString() // `SELECT column\nFROM table``

    However, if you call a method multiple times, the values are concatenated in the same order you called them.

    q.from('nifty')
    	.select('snazzy')
    	.select('spiffy')
    	.select('sizzle')
    	.toString() // `SELECT snazzy, spiffy, sizzle\nFROM nifty``

    q.build()

    Returns an object with these properties:

    • sql: a string containing the query, with question marks ? where escaped values should be inserted.
    • values: an array of values to be used with the query.

    You can pass this object directly to the query method of the mysql library:

    mysql.query(
    	q.select('Cool!').build(),
    	(err, result) => {
    		console.log(result)
    	}
    )
    
    q.select('column')
    	.where('id', 3)
    	.build() // { sql: `SELECT column\nWHERE id = ?`, values: [ 3 ]}

    q.toString()

    Returns a string with values escaped by sqlstring.

    q.select('fancy')
        .from('table')
        .where('table.pants', [ 'what\'s up', 'boring' ])
        .toString() // => `SELECT fancy\nFROM table\nWHERE table.pants IN('what\\'s up', 'boring')`

    Tagged template strings

    sql-concat is also a template tag:

    const rainfall = 3
    const templateTagResult = q`SELECT galoshes FROM puddle WHERE rain > ${ rainfall }`
    
    templateTagResult.sql // => `SELECT galoshes FROM puddle WHERE rain > ?`
    templateTagResult.values // => [ 3 ]

    You can pass these results into any method as a value. This allows you to properly parameterize function calls:

    const shoeSize = 9
    const functionCallResult = q.select('rubbers')
    	.from('puddle')
    	.where('rain', '>', 4)
    	.where('size', q`LPAD(${ shoeSize }, 2, '0')`)
    	.build()
    
    const functionCallQuery = `SELECT rubbers\n`
    	+ `FROM puddle\n`
    	+ `WHERE rain > ? AND size = LPAD(?, 2, '0')`
    
    functionCallResult.sql // => functionCallQuery
    
    functionCallResult.values // => [ 4, 9 ]

    Long-shot feature

    Some syntax for generating nested clauses conditionally would be nice, so you could easily generate something like this dynamically:

    WHERE important = ? AND (your_column = ? OR your_column = ? OR something_else LIKE ?)

    Maybe something like:

    const whereCondition = q.parenthetical('OR')
    	.equal('your_column', true)
    	.equal('your_column', randomVariable)
    	.like('something_else', anotherVariable)
    
    const query = q.select('everything')
    	.from('table')
    	.where('important', true)
    	.where(whereCondition)
    

    You can discuss this feature in Issue 3 if you're interested.

    Running the tests

    1. clone the repo
    2. navigate to the cloned directory
    3. npm install
    4. npm test

    License

    WTFPL

    Keywords

    Install

    npm i sql-concat

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    839

    Version

    3.0.0

    License

    WTFPL

    Unpacked Size

    30.7 kB

    Total Files

    10

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • tehshrike