Need private packages and team management tools?Check out npm Orgs. »


1.1.0 • Public • Published


The spleen module provides high-level abstractions for dynamic filters. This module will convert a spleen Filter into a string that is usable within a N1QL statement's WHERE clause.



Add spleen-n1ql to your package.json file's dependencies:

$ npm install spleen-n1ql -S

Then use it in your code:

const N1ql = require('spleen-n1ql');
const spleen = require('spleen');
const filter = spleen.parse('/foo/bar eq 42 and /baz in [1,2,3]');
const n1qlWhere = N1ql.stringify(filter, { parameterize: true });
console.log(n1qlWhere); // == $1 AND baz IN [$2,$3,$4]


The spleen-n1ql module has a single class.

Class: N1ql

Provides services for converting spleen filters into N1QL.

  • Properties

    • errors: an object that contains references to the various possible errors thrown by spleen-n1ql. This object has the following keys:

      • DeniedFieldError: thrown when a field is encountered that has been explicitly black-listed by the deny option.

      • InvalidTargetError: thrown if a target is encountered with an invalid format. For example, if a segment of the path contains disallowed characters.

      • NonallowedFieldError: thrown when a fieldis encountered that not been white-listed by the allow option.

      • RequiredFieldError: thrown when a field that has been required by the require option is not present in the given a given Filter.

      • StringifyError: a general error thrown when sleen-n1ql is unable to convert a given Filter instance into a N1QL statement. This should generally never happen, and is here as a safeguard in the event a Filter instance is corrupted.

  • Methods

    • N1ql.stringify(filter, [options]): converts an instance of spleen's Filter' class into a N1QL statement.


      • filter: (required) the instance of Filter to stringify.

      • options: (optional) an object that controls various aspects of the stringification process. This object can have the keys:

        • allow: an array of RFC 6901 JSON pointer strings that are allowed to be in a Filter's list of targets. Any targets in a Filter instance not found in the allow or require lists will result in an error being thrown. This list functions as a white list, and can only be present if deny is absent. An empty array is the logical equivalent of the allow key being absent.

        • deny: an array of RFC 6901 JSON pointer strings that are not allowed to be in a Filter's list of targets. Any targets in a Filter instance found in this list will result in an error being thrown. This list functions as a black list, and can only be present if allow is absent.

        • identifier: a string to use as a contextual identifier with each field reference.

        • parameterize: a Boolean value indicating whether or not literals in the spleen expression should be parameterized. When true (the default), all string, number, and Boolean literals are set as numeric parameters.

        • require: an array of RFC 6901 JSON pointer strings that are required to be in a Filter's list of targets (Filter.prototype.targets). If a required target is missing, an error is thrown.

      This method returns an object with the following keys:

      • params: an array of values, where the index of each entry corresponds to its $# placeholder in the filter statement.

      • value: a string containing the N1QL filter statement.

Security Considerations

It is highly recommended that you leave the parameterize option as true to help prevent SQL-injection attacks.

Additionally, as spleen-n1ql converts Target field references into dot-notation field references, it will throw an InvalidTargetError if any part of the path contains a single quote or backtick character as counter measure to SQL-injection attacks.

To provide an additional layer of security it is recommended that you utilize the allow option to white-list possible fields passed in from user input.

It is also highly recommend that you give leverge spleen's Filter.prototype.prioritize() method before converting to a N1QL expression. This allows you to reorder a Filter, and optimally utilize known indexes.

Stringify Behavior

There are situations where a spleen filter does not neatly translate into a N1QL expression. This is particularly true in the case of spleen's nil operator. For example, performing a greater-than on nil is technically valid with a spleen filter, but does not make much sense when translated to N1QL. The N1ql.stringify() method will make attempts to reconcile this:

  • The operators eq, lt, lte when used with nil will result in an IS NULL N1QL expression.

  • The operators neq, gt, gte when used with nil will result in an IS NOT NULL N1QL expression.


npm i spleen-n1ql

Downloadsweekly downloads









last publish


  • avatar
Report a vulnerability