1.2.0 • Public • Published

Snapmap 📬⏳📭

npm version

A tiny (~1kb minified & gzip'd) extension of the ES6 Map object that lets you set an expiration time for key/value pairs. Expired data is automatically pruned to avoid wasting memory.

Getting Started

const SnapMap = require('snapmap');
const myMap = new SnapMap();
const uniqueObj = { uniqueData: [1, 2, 3] };
  10 * 1000) // time (in ms) until data is deleted
console.log(myMap.get(uniqueObj)) // `🦄`
// More than 10 seconds later...
console.log(myMap.get(uniqueObj)) // undefined


npm install --save snapmap


The Snapmap API is exactly the same as the ES6 Map API with one exception: the set() method accepts one extra, optional parameter.

class SnapMap extends Map {
  set(key: any, value: any, ttl: number?{
    // Performs native Map operations and schedules
    // deletion if ttl is defined

The optional ttl argument, when defined, specifies the number of milliseconds that will pass before the key/value pair is automatically deleted.

Browser & Node.js Support

Supported everywhere that Map, async/await, and ES6 classes are supported.

That means...

  • All modern browsers supported
  • Node 8+ supported

Special Scenarios

Key Updates

If you update a key with a new ttl, the key/value pair won't be deleted until the new ttl elapses:

const SnapMap = require("snapmap");
const dynamicMap = new SnapMap();
// Let's say it's 01:00:00 PM here
dynamicMap.set("key1", "val", 60 * 1000);
// 30 seconds later... (01:00:30 PM)
dynamicMap.set("key1", "newVal", 60 * 1000);
// 30 more seconds go by... (01:01:00 PM)
dynamicMap.get("key1"); // 'newVal' - still exists 60s after original set
// And 30 more seconds... (01:01:30 PM)
dynamicMap.get("key1"); // undefined - data deleted after second ttl

This means that you can effectively abort scheduled deletes by updating a key and passing no ttl value:

dynamicMap.set("persistKey", "value", 10 * 1000);
// Less than 10s later
dynamicMap.set("persistKey", "newVal");
// Some time in the distant future...
dynamicMap.get("persistKey"); // 'newVal' - data is never deleted

Monitoring Delete Events

You can easily subscribe to the onDelete event to be notified when a scheduled delete occurs. The onDelete function is passed a single parameter, the deleted key:

const SnapMap = require("snapmap");
const monitorMap = new SnapMap();
monitorMap.set("monitoredKey", "val", 60 * 1000);
monitorMap.onDelete = key => console.log(key);
// 60 seconds later:
// "monitoredKey"


1.2.0 Update: Version 1.2.0 adds ttl "clamping" behavior which mitigates setTimeout delays. Now, Snapmap will always correctly report that expired keys do not exist, and get operations will return undefined. See the change commit for more information.

This package uses the setTimeout() function to schedule deletions by 'sleeping' execution of an async function. (Take a look at the source to see exactly how this is done.) If you're familiar with the typical JS engine event loop, that probably scares you quite a bit. And rightfully so! Because of the reliance on setTimeout, scheduled deletion times are not exact. They will never occur earlier than requested, but they may be delayed.

For more information on what causes setTimeout delays and browser throttling of setTimeout, check out MDN's explanation.

Roadmap 🛣🗺

  • Allow key updates that preserve original ttl
  • Update tests to use higher resolution test methods (false negatives from inaccurate setTimeout)
  • Investigate alternate scheduling methods (higher resolution than setTimeout)


All are welcomed and encouraged to contribute to this project!

git clone
cd snapmap
npm install

Even though this isn't exactly a "mission critical" or groundbreaking Node module, I think it's a great little project to hack on if you're just getting started with Node or looking for something fun to work on.

If you're feeling up to the challenge, please read on before jumping in! It's really not that bad, and I promise you'll have lots of fun along the way.

Unit Testing

I've implemented a basic Jest setup for quick and easy unit testing.

If you're not familiar with Jest, take a look at the docs or some of the existing tests to get started. The syntax is extremely semantic and easy-to-read, so you'll be able to figure it out in no time.

You can run all unit tests at once using npm run test. Don't forget to rebuild your code before testing!


I use SemVer for versioning. For the versions available, see the tags on this repository.


Even if you don't want to work on the project yourself, you can help out a lot just by reporting any bugs you find or enhancements you want to see added!

Head over to GitHub's issue tracker to submit a bug report or feature request!

Don't Be Afraid To Ask for Help!

Last but certainly not least, don't be afraid to reach out for help! If you have any questions, don't hesitate to shoot me an email! 📫🙌


See also the list of contributors who participated in this project.


This project is licensed under the MIT License. See the LICENSE file for details.


npm i snapmap

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  • cgatno