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    1.0.4 • Public • Published


    This module implements DIGEST-MD5 in pure javascript. I didn't see any other implementations in pure JS here on npm, so when I wrote one I thought that I would put it up here - hopefully this helps somebody.



    npm install simple-digest-md5


    This module will calculate the response to a given DIGEST-MD5 challenge, but it won't send it down the wire for you.

    To use it do something like this:

    var md5_digest = require("simple-md5-digest");
    // Initialise socket here & send initial packets
    socket.on("data", function(data) {
        // Process incoming message here
        // ...
        // We have get a challenge from the server!
        var ch_response = md5_digest.get_response(challenge, "username", "password", "resource");
        // Package the response up to send it down the wire here

    Warning: Some server's don't actually support an authzid when using DIGEST_MD5! (e.g. prosody). If this the case, omit the resource parameter:

    var ch_response = md5_digest.get_response(challenge, "username", "password");

    This will cause simple-digest-md5 to omit the authzid from the response it calculates. Note that the authzid is the part that adds support for the resource string.

    Note that when calculating the response to a given DIGEST_MD5 challenge, you have to provide the name of the service that you are authenticating with. This module is set up for xmpp by default, but you can change it like so:


    If you have got a challenge encoded as base64, simply use md5_digest.get_response_b64 instead and it will decode the response first.

    Using this with XMPP

    If you are using this with XMPP, I recommend you read this page, which walks you through the proecss and gives you a sample exchange. For convenience, I will include the sample exchange here:

    1 >>> <auth xmlns='urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:xmpp-sasl' mechanism='DIGEST-MD5'/>
    1 <<< <challenge xmlns='urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:xmpp-sasl'>cmVhbG09ImNhdGFjbHlzbS5jeCIsbm9uY2U9Ik9BNk1HOXRFUUdtMmhoIixxb3A9ImF1dGgiLGNoYXJzZXQ9dXRmLTgsYWxnb3JpdGhtPW1kNS1zZXNz</challenge>
    2 >>> <response xmlns='urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:xmpp-sasl'>dXNlcm5hbWU9InJvYiIscmVhbG09ImNhdGFjbHlzbS5jeCIsbm9uY2U9Ik9BNk1HOXRFUUdtMmhoIixjbm9uY2U9Ik9BNk1IWGg2VnFUclJrIixuYz0wMDAwMDAwMSxxb3A9YXV0aCxkaWdlc3QtdXJpPSJ4bXBwL2NhdGFjbHlzbS5jeCIscmVzcG9uc2U9ZDM4OGRhZDkwZDRiYmQ3NjBhMTUyMzIxZjIxNDNhZjcsY2hhcnNldD11dGYtOCxhdXRoemlkPSJyb2JAY2F0YWNseXNtLmN4L215UmVzb3VyY2Ui</response>
    2 <<< <challenge xmlns='urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:xmpp-sasl'>cnNwYXV0aD1lYTQwZjYwMzM1YzQyN2I1NTI3Yjg0ZGJhYmNkZmZmZA==</challenge>
    3 >>> <response xmlns='urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:xmpp-sasl'/>
    3 <<< <success xmlns='urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:xmpp-sasl'/>

    The 2nd message that you send is the base64 encoded result from digest_md5.get_response().

    Advanced Usage

    The following functions are also available for use if you need finer control over how this module operates:

    • digest_md5.base64_encode(thing) - Encodes something to base_64. This is probably useful when sending your response to the server - XMPP at least requires the response encoded at base64.
    • digest_md5.base64_decode(thing) - Decodes something encoded with base64.
    • digest_md5.parse_challenge(challenge) - Parses a given challenge string into it's component parts.
    • digest_md5.set_service(service_name) - Sets the serivce that you are authenticating with.
    • digest_md5.parse_challenge(challange_str) - Parses a given challange string into its component parts.
    • digest_md5.get_response_raw(parsed_challenge, user, pass, resource) - Calculates a response to a challenge string parsed with the above function.
    • md5(thing, encoding) - Calculates the md5 hash of something. Usually that something will be a string. Encoding is set to "hex" by default, but you can change it to "binary" or anything else you like that crypto's createHash("md5").digest() supports.

    If the above explanations don't make sense, simply read the source code located in index.js - the functions are extensively documented there. If that still doesn't help, contact me and I will try and help you :)

    Bugs & Support

    You can report bugs and / or get help on the GitHub Issue Tracker. I can also be contacted by email.



    npm i simple-digest-md5

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