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    sequelize-pg-utilities

    2.0.2 • Public • Published

    sequelize-pg-utilities

    Sequelize, and the Sequelize CLI, use slightly different database configuration objects, and neither provide a mechanism for creating a Postgresql database. I work with Sequelize a lot in my day-job so decided to write a simple utility suite that manages the different configuration needs any project using Sequelize inevitably needs.

    When your application starts yo need to construct correct database configuration values as a mix of a config file, selected environment variables, and sensible defaults.

    sequelize-pg-utilities is an opinionated set of database utilities that, together, simplify creating and connecting to a Postgres database via Sequelize, or the Sequelize CLI, via a common, and minimal, set of config file settings. You can use environment variables to override the config file settings, as well as supply a range of detailed programmatic settings that get passed on to Sequelize directly. If no values are supplied and a value is needed by Sequelize then this defines sensible defaults. Any values not needed and which have no value are simply removed from the config object sent to Sequelize.

    NPM

    Related Projects

    Prerequisites

    This library assumes:

    1. You are using NodeJS 8.10+
    2. You are using Sequelize to manage interactions with Postgresql

    Install

    Add sequelize-pg-utilities and pg as dependencies:

    npm i pg sequelize-pg-utilities

    Note: pg is a peer-dependency of sequelize-pg-utilities.

    Usage Scenarios

    Configuration

    Typically a Sequelize project will include a config/config.json file with entries as follows:

    {
      "development": {
        "username": "my-dev-user",
        "password": "my-dev-password",
        "database": "my-project-development"
      },
      "test": {
        "username": "my-test-user",
        "password": "my-test-password",
        "database": "my-project-test"
      },
      "production": {
        "username": "my-production-user",
        "password": "my-production-password",
        "database": "my-project-prod"
      }
    }

    When your application starts you'll need to construct correct database configuration values as a mix of the above config file, selected environment variables, and sensible defaults.

    To do this simply create a configuration object as follows:

    const { configure } = require('sequelize-pg-utilities')
    const config = require('path/to/config/config.json')
    
    const { name, user, password, options } = configure(config)

    These configuration values can then be passed in to Sequelize as follows:

    const sequelize = new Sequelize(name, user, password, options)

    Environment Variables Supported

    The following environment variables take precedence over whatever is defined in config/config.json

    • DATABASE_URL The database url, if provided, will override many of the below DB settings.
    • DB_NAME The database name — You may also supply a default (see below)
    • DB_USER The database user — no default
    • DB_PASS The database password — no default
    • DB_POOL_MAX The maximum number of database connections — Defaults to 5
    • DB_POOL_MIN The minimum number of database connections — Defaults to 1
    • DB_POOL_IDLE The database idle time — Defaults to 10000 ms
    • DB_HOST The database host — Defaults to 'localhost'
    • DB_PORT The database port — Defaults to 5432
    • DB_TYPE The database type — Defaults to 'postgres' — This library is written with Postgres in mind so please don't change this unless you know what you are doing.

    The following environment variables remain unset if they don't appear, or get set in config/config.json.

    • DB_POOL_ACQUIRE The database pool's acquire value.
    • DB_POOL_EVICT The database pool's evict value.

    Regarding DATABASE_URL

    If you supply the DATABASE_URL environment variable, as Heroku and other PaaS systems generally do, then the configure function will extract most of what it needs from that and the extracted values will take priority over other values.

    Initialisation of a database

    In development and test environments, you'll need your server to create a database the first time it runs. To do this you can make an initialiser using the makeInitialiser function.

    const { makeInitialiser } = require('sequelize-pg-utilities')
    const config = require('path/to/config/config.json')
    
    const initialise = makeInitialiser(config)
    
    const start = async () => {
      try {
        const result = await initialise()
        console.log(result.message)
    
        // now do whatever else is needed to start your server
      } catch (err) {
        console.error('Could not start server', err)
        process.exit(1)
      }
    }

    You can set the number of retries by passing it in as a parameter to initialise. The default is 5.

    const result = await initialise(10)

    On each retry it will wait for a progressively longer period of time, starting with 2 seconds, and increasing the delay by 2 seconds each retry.

    The result object has two properties:

    {
      dbNew: false, // or true if a new database was created?
      message: 'More information' // some clarifying text.
    }

    In production it assumes your database already exists.

    Configuring migrations

    The Sequelize CLI requires a .sequelizerc file at the root of the project that exports data such as config, migrations-path, and models-path.

    The config required by the Sequelize CLI is an object in the form:

    {
      [env]: {
        username,
        password,
        database,
        dialect,
        host,
        port,
        // optionally also the following
        pool: {
          acquire: 20000,
          evict: 15000,
          min: 5,
          max: 15,
          idle: 10000
        },
        protocol,
        ssl: {
          rejectUnauthorized: false,
          ca: 'some-root-cert',
          key: 'some-client-key',
          cert: 'some-client-certificate'
        }
      }
    }

    Use the migrationConfig function to generate configuration details to suit Sequelize CLI's needs from your common config file, or environment variables.

    Create a migrationConfig.js file as follows:

    const { migrationConfig } = require('sequelize-pg-utilities')
    const config = require('path/to/config/config.json')
    
    module.exports = migrationConfig(config)

    Then in .sequelizerc file do this:

    const path = require('path')
    
    module.exports = {
      config: path.resolve(__dirname, 'path', 'to', 'migrationConfig.js'),
      'migrations-path': path.resolve(__dirname, 'migrations'),
      'models-path': path.resolve(__dirname, 'src', 'models')
    }

    Function Signature

    The configure, makeInitialiser, and migrationConfig functions all have an identical signature.

    They each accept the following parameters.

    • config: The content of the config/config.json file. Required, no default.

      Configuration file is in the form:

      {
        [env]: {
          // everything is optional but these are usually set here
          username,
          password,
          database,
          dialect,
          host,
          port,
          // less often used but optionally also the following
          benchmark,
          clientMinMessages,
          native,
          omitNull,
          pool: {
            acquire: 20000,
            evict: 15000,
            min: 5,
            max: 15,
            idle: 10000
          },
          protocol,
          // if you have ssl specifics
          ssl: {
            rejectUnauthorized: false,
            ca: 'some-root-cert',
            key: 'some-client-key',
            cert: 'some-client-certificate'
          },
          replication,
          timezone
        }
      }
    • defaultDbName: If the database name is not set in an environment variable, and if the config file does not define a database name, then use this as the database name. Optional, no default.

    • logger: You can pass in a logger function here for Sequelize to use. Optional, default is false, meaning don't log anything. This gets returned as logging in the configs.

    • options: optional additional configuration that is passed through to Sequelize.

      These match to the options listed at sequelize/sequelize/lib/sequelize.js#126, which at the time of this writing are:

      • dialectModule,
      • dialectModulePath,
      • define,
      • query,
      • schema,
      • set,
      • sync,
      • quoteIdentifiers,
      • transactionType,
      • typeValidation,
      • hooks,
      • pool.validate,
      • retry.match,
      • retry.max

      Other additional options are ignored.

    SSL Options

    If you supply ssl options in your config.json file then these will be injected into your configuration as dialectOptions and the ssl option will be set to true.

    Note this is not used by makeInitialiser as it's assumed that you are only using ssl in production and you won't be trying to create your database from within your code when in production. A future release may address that however.

    Development

    Branches

    Branch Status Coverage Audit Notes
    develop CircleCI codecov Vulnerabilities Work in progress
    main CircleCI codecov Vulnerabilities Latest stable release

    Development Prerequisites

    • NodeJS. I use nvm to manage Node versions — brew install nvm.

    Test it

    • npm test — runs the unit tests.
    • npm run test:unit:cov — runs the unit tests with coverage reporting.

    Lint it

    npm run lint

    Contributing

    Please see the contributing notes.

    Install

    npm i sequelize-pg-utilities

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    133

    Version

    2.0.2

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    31.3 kB

    Total Files

    15

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • davesag