Selenium is a browser automation library. Most often used for testing web-applications, Selenium may be used for any task that requires automating interaction with the browser.
Selenium may be installed via npm with
npm install selenium-webdriver
You will need to download additional components to work with each of the major browsers. The drivers for Chrome, Firefox, PhantomJS, Opera, and Microsoft's IE and Edge web browsers are all standalone executables that should be placed on your system PATH. Apple's safaridriver is shipped with Safari 10 for OS X El Capitan and macOS Sierra. You will need to enable Remote Automation in the Develop menu of Safari 10 before testing.
NOTE: Mozilla's geckodriver is only required for Firefox 47+. Everything you need for Firefox 38-46 is included with this package.
The sample below and others are included in the
example directory. You may
also find the tests for selenium-webdriver informative.
var webdriver = require('selenium-webdriver'), By = webdriver.By, until = webdriver.until; var driver = new webdriver.Builder() .forBrowser('firefox') .build(); driver.get('http://www.google.com/ncr'); driver.findElement(By.name('q')).sendKeys('webdriver'); driver.findElement(By.name('btnG')).click(); driver.wait(until.titleIs('webdriver - Google Search'), 1000); driver.quit();
Builder class is your one-stop shop for configuring new WebDriver
instances. Rather than clutter your code with branches for the various browsers,
the builder lets you set all options in one flow. When you call
Builder#build(), all options irrelevant to the selected browser are dropped:
var webdriver = require('selenium-webdriver'), chrome = require('selenium-webdriver/chrome'), firefox = require('selenium-webdriver/firefox'); var driver = new webdriver.Builder() .forBrowser('firefox') .setChromeOptions(/* ... */) .setFirefoxOptions(/* ... */) .build();
Why would you want to configure options irrelevant to the target browser? The
Builder's API defines your default configuration. You can change the target
browser at runtime through the
SELENIUM_BROWSER environment variable. For
example/google_search.js script is configured to run against
Firefox. You can run the example against other browsers just by changing the
# cd node_modules/selenium-webdriver node example/google_search SELENIUM_BROWSER=chrome node example/google_search SELENIUM_BROWSER=safari node example/google_search
The standalone Selenium Server acts as a proxy between your script and the browser-specific drivers. The server may be used when running locally, but it's not recommend as it introduces an extra hop for each request and will slow things down. The server is required, however, to use a browser on a remote host (most browser drivers, like the IEDriverServer, do not accept remote connections).
java -jar selenium-server-standalone-2.45.0.jar
You may configure your tests to run against a remote server through the Builder API:
var driver = new webdriver.Builder() .forBrowser('firefox') .usingServer('http://localhost:4444/wd/hub') .build();
Or change the Builder's configuration at runtime with the
SELENIUM_REMOTE_URL="http://localhost:4444/wd/hub" node script.js
You can experiment with these options using the
script provided with
API documentation is available online from the Selenium project. Additional resources include
Each version of selenium-webdriver will support the latest semver-minor version of the LTS and stable Node releases. All semver-major & semver-minor versions between the LTS and stable release will have "best effort" support. Following a Selenium release, any semver-minor Node releases will also have "best effort" support. Releases older than the latest LTS, semver-major releases, and all unstable release branches (e.g. "v.Next") are considered strictly unsupported.
For example, suppose the current LTS and stable releases are v6.9.5 and v7.5.0, respectively. Then a Selenium release would have the following support levels:
|>= 7.5||best effort|
supported: A selenium-webdriver release will be API compatible with the platform API, without the use of runtime flags.
best effort: Bugs will be investigated as time permits. API compatibility is only guaranteed where required by a supported release. This effectively means the adoption of new JS features, such as ES2015 modules, will depend on what is supported in Node's LTS.
unsupported: Bug submissions will be closed as will-not-fix and API compatibility is not guaranteed.
If Node releases a new LTS each October and a new major version every 6 months, the support window for selenium-webdriver will be roughly:
Please report any issues using the Selenium issue tracker. When using the issue tracker
Licensed to the Software Freedom Conservancy (SFC) under one or more contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership. The SFC licenses this file to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.