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saml2-js

SAML2-js

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saml2-js is a node module that abstracts away the complexities of the SAML protocol behind an easy to use interface.

Usage

Install with npm.

  npm install saml2-js --save

Include the SAML library.

  var saml2 = require('saml2-js');

Documentation

This library exports two constructors.

  • ServiceProvider - Represents a service provider that relies on a trusted IdentityProvider for authentication and authorization in the SAML flow.
  • IdentityProvider - Represents an online service that authenticates users in the SAML flow.

Note: Some options can be set on the SP, IdP, and/or on a per-method basis. For the options that are set in multiple places, they are overridden in the following order: per-method basis overrides IdP which overrides SP.

ServiceProvider(options)

Represents a service provider that relies on a trusted IdentityProvider for authentication and authorization in the SAML flow.

Options

An object that can contain the below options. All options are strings, unless specified otherwise. See note for more information on options.

  • entity_id - Required - Unique identifier for the service provider, often the URL of the metadata file.
  • private_key - Required - (PEM format string) - Private key for the service provider.
  • certificate - Required - (PEM format string) - Certificate for the service provider.
  • assert_endpoint - Required - URL of service provider assert endpoint.
  • alt_private_keys - (Array of PEM format strings) - Additional private keys to use when attempting to decrypt responses. Useful for adding backward-compatibility for old certificates after a rollover.
  • alt_certs - (Array of PEM format strings) - Additional certificates to expose in the SAML metadata. Useful for staging new certificates for rollovers.
  • audience - (String or RegExp) — If set, at least one of the <Audience> values within the <AudienceRestriction> condition of a SAML authentication response must match. Defaults to entity_id.
  • notbefore_skew - (Number) – To account for clock skew between IdP and SP, accept responses with a NotBefore condition ahead of the current time (according to our clock) by this number of seconds. Defaults to 1. Set it to 0 for optimum security but no tolerance for clock skew.
  • force_authn - (Boolean) - If true, forces re-authentication of users even if the user has a SSO session with the IdP. This can also be configured on the IdP or on a per-method basis.
  • auth_context - Specifies AuthnContextClassRef. This can also be configured on a per-method basis.
  • nameid_format - Format for Name ID. This can also be configured on a per-method basis.
  • sign_get_request - (Boolean) - If true, signs the request. This can also be configured on the IdP or on a per-method basis.
  • allow_unencrypted_assertion - (Boolean) - If true, allows unencrypted assertions. This can also be configured on the IdP or on a per-method basis.

Returns the following functions

Example

 
  var sp_options = {
    entity_id: "https://sp.example.com/metadata.xml",
    private_key: fs.readFileSync("key-file.pem").toString(),
    certificate: fs.readFileSync("cert-file.crt").toString(),
    assert_endpoint: "https://sp.example.com/assert",
    force_authn: true,
    auth_context: { comparison: "exact", class_refs: ["urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.0:am:password"] },
    nameid_format: "urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:nameid-format:transient",
    sign_get_request: false,
    allow_unencrypted_assertion: true
  }
 
  // Call service provider constructor with options
  var sp = new saml2.ServiceProvider(sp_options);
 
  // Example use of service provider.
  // Call metadata to get XML metatadata used in configuration.
  var metadata = sp.create_metadata();
 

Service provider function definitions

create_login_request_url(IdP, options, cb)

Get a URL to initiate a login.

Takes the following arguments:

  • IdP - IdP
  • options - An object that can contain the below options. All options are strings, unless specified otherwise. See note for more information on options.
    • relay_state - SAML relay state.
    • auth_context - Specifies AuthnContextClassRef. This can also be configured on the SP.
    • nameid_format - Format for Name ID. This can also be configured on the SP.
    • force_authn- (Boolean) - If true, forces re-authentication of users even if the user has a SSO session with the IdP. This can also be configured on the IdP or SP.
    • sign_get_request - (Boolean) - If true, signs the request. This can also be configured on the IdP or SP.
  • cb(error, login_url, request_id) - Callback called with the login URL and ID of the request.
redirect_assert(IdP, options, cb)

Gets a SAML response object if the login attempt is valid, used for redirect binding.

Takes the following arguments:

  • IdP - IdP
  • options - An object that can contain the below options. All options are strings, unless specified otherwise. See note for more information on options.
    • request_body - (Object) - An object containing the parsed query string parameters. This object should contain the value for either a SAMLResponse or SAMLRequest.
    • allow_unencrypted_assertion - (Boolean) - If true, allows unencrypted assertions. This can also be configured on the IdP or SP.
    • require_session_index - (Boolean) - If false, allow the assertion to be valid without a SessionIndex attribute on the AuthnStatement node.
  • cb(error, response) - Callback called with the request response.
Example of the SAML assert response returned:
{ response_header:
   { id: '_abc-1',
     destination: 'https://sp.example.com/assert',
     in_response_to: '_abc-2' },
  type: 'authn_response',
  user:
   { name_id: 'nameid',
     session_index: '_abc-3',
     attributes:
      { 'http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/ws/2005/05/identity/claims/givenname': [ 'Test' ] } } }
post_assert(IdP, options, cb)

Gets a SAML response object if the login attempt is valid, used for post binding.

Takes the following arguments:

  • IdP - IdP
  • options - An object that can contain the below options. All options are strings, unless specified otherwise. See note for more information on options.
    • request_body - (Object) - An object containing the parsed query string parameters. This object should contain the value for either a SAMLResponse or SAMLRequest.
    • allow_unencrypted_assertion - (Boolean) - If true, allows unencrypted assertions. This can also be configured on the IdP or SP.
    • require_session_index - (Boolean) - If false, allow the assertion to be valid without a SessionIndex attribute on the AuthnStatement node.
    • audience - (String or RegExp) — If set, at least one of the <Audience> values within the <AudienceRestriction> condition of a SAML authentication response must match. Defaults to entity_id.
    • notbefore_skew - (Number) – To account for clock skew between IdP and SP, accept responses with a NotBefore condition ahead of the current time (according to our clock) by this number of seconds. Defaults to 1. Set it to 0 for optimum security but no tolerance for clock skew.
  • cb(error, response) - Callback called with the request response.
create_logout_request_url(IdP, options, cb)

Creates a SAML Request URL to initiate a user logout.

Takes the following arguments:

  • IdP - IdP. Note: Can pass sso_logout_url instead of IdP.
  • options - An object that can contain the below options. All options are strings, unless specified otherwise. See note for more information on options.
    • name_id - Format for Name ID. This can also be configured on a per-method basis.
    • session_index - Session index to use for creating logout request.
    • allow_unencrypted_assertion - (Boolean) - If true, allows unencrypted assertions. This can also be configured on the IdP or SP.
    • sign_get_request - (Boolean) - If true, signs the request. This can also be configured on the IdP or SP.
    • relay_state - SAML relay state.
  • cb(error, request_url) - Callback called with the logout request url.
create_logout_response_url(IdP, options, cb)

Creates a SAML Response URL to confirm a successful IdP initiated logout.

Takes the following arguments:

  • IdP - IdP. Note: Can pass sso_logout_url instead of IdP.
  • options - An object that can contain the below options. All options are strings, unless specified otherwise. See note for more information on options.
    • in_response_to - The ID of the request that this is in response to. Should be checked against any sent request IDs.
    • sign_get_request - (Boolean) - If true, signs the request. This can also be configured on the IdP or SP.
    • relay_state - SAML relay state.
  • cb(error, response_url) - Callback called with the logout response url.
create_metadata()

Returns the XML metadata used during the initial SAML configuration.

IdentityProvider(options)

Represents an online service that authenticates users in the SAML flow.

Returns no functions, exists solely to be passed to an SP function.

Options

An object that can contain the below options. All options are strings, unless specified otherwise. See note for more information on options.

  • sso_login_url - Required - Login url to use during a login request.
  • sso_logout_url - Required - Logout url to use during a logout request.
  • certificates - Required - (PEM format string or array of PEM format strings) - Certificate or certificates (array of certificate) for the identity provider.
  • force_authn - (Boolean) - If true, forces re-authentication of users even if the user has a SSO session with the IdP. This can also be configured on the SP or on a per-method basis.
  • sign_get_request - (Boolean) - If true, signs the request. This can also be configured on the [SP or on a per-method basis.
  • allow_unencrypted_assertion - (Boolean) - If true, allows unencrypted assertions. This can also be configured on the SP or on a per-method basis.

Example

 
  // Initialize options object
  var idp_options = {
    sso_login_url: "https://idp.example.com/login",
    sso_logout_url: "https://idp.example.com/logout",
    certificates: [fs.readFileSync("cert-file1.crt").toString(), fs.readFileSync("cert-file2.crt").toString()],
    force_authn: true,
    sign_get_request: false,
    allow_unencrypted_assertion: false
  };
 
  // Call identity provider constructor with options
  var idp = new saml2.IdentityProvider(idp_options);
 
  // Example usage of identity provider.
  // Pass identity provider into a service provider function with options and a callback.
  sp.post_assert(idp, {}, callback);
 

Example: Express implementation

Library users will need to implement a set of URL endpoints, here is an example of express endpoints.

var saml2 = require('saml2-js');
var fs = require('fs');
var express = require('express');
var app = express();
var bodyParser = require('body-parser');
app.use(bodyParser.urlencoded({
  extended: true
}));
 
// Create service provider
var sp_options = {
  entity_id: "https://sp.example.com/metadata.xml",
  private_key: fs.readFileSync("key-file.pem").toString(),
  certificate: fs.readFileSync("cert-file.crt").toString(),
  assert_endpoint: "https://sp.example.com/assert"
};
var sp = new saml2.ServiceProvider(sp_options);
 
// Create identity provider
var idp_options = {
  sso_login_url: "https://idp.example.com/login",
  sso_logout_url: "https://idp.example.com/logout",
  certificates: [fs.readFileSync("cert-file1.crt").toString(), fs.readFileSync("cert-file2.crt").toString()]
};
var idp = new saml2.IdentityProvider(idp_options);
 
// ------ Define express endpoints ------
 
// Endpoint to retrieve metadata
app.get("/metadata.xml", function(req, res) {
  res.type('application/xml');
  res.send(sp.create_metadata());
});
 
// Starting point for login
app.get("/login", function(req, res) {
  sp.create_login_request_url(idp, {}, function(err, login_url, request_id) {
    if (err != null)
      return res.send(500);
    res.redirect(login_url);
  });
});
 
// Assert endpoint for when login completes
app.post("/assert", function(req, res) {
  var options = {request_body: req.body};
  sp.post_assert(idp, options, function(err, saml_response) {
    if (err != null)
      return res.send(500);
 
    // Save name_id and session_index for logout
    // Note:  In practice these should be saved in the user session, not globally.
    name_id = saml_response.user.name_id;
    session_index = saml_response.user.session_index;
 
    res.send("Hello #{saml_response.user.name_id}!");
  });
});
 
// Starting point for logout
app.get("/logout", function(req, res) {
  var options = {
    name_id: name_id,
    session_index: session_index
  };
 
  sp.create_logout_request_url(idp, options, function(err, logout_url) {
    if (err != null)
      return res.send(500);
    res.redirect(logout_url);
  });
});
 
app.listen(3000);