No Partying Mariachis

    rfline

    0.2.6 • Public • Published

    Build Status npm version

    RFLine is a Node.js library. It provides a simple but powerful abstraction for file iteration and slurping.

    Installation

    Node

    You can use npm to install RFLine as follows:

    npm install rfline

    From the interpreter, you can grab the RFLine reader function with:

    var reader = require('rfline').reader;

    Reader enables you to progress through the file one line at a time. If you just want the contents of the file, you can grab the slurp function with:

    var slurp = require('rfline').slurp;

    Examples

    A. Counting lines in Shakespeare's Sonnet 18

    - Example 1 -

    The code below counts the number of lines in a text file. Sonnet18.txt contains Shakespeare's Sonnet 18 : Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day. Since the number of lines in a sonnet is 16, this code should output 16.

    var reader = require('rfline').reader;
    var lineCount = 0;
     
    reader('sonnet18.txt')
      .line(function() { lineCount++ })
      .finish(function() { console.log(lineCount) }); //16

    - Example 2 -

    Here is another way to get the number of lines in a Shakespeare's Sonnet 18:

    var reader = require('rfline').reader;
     
    reader('sonnet18.txt')
      .finish(function() { console.log(this.lineCount) }); //16

    B. Outputting Lines

    - Example 1 -

    We can also to print out Shakespeare's Sonnet 18:

    var reader = require('rfline').reader;
     
    reader('sonnet18.txt')
      .line(function(line) { console.log(line) })
      .finish();
     
    /*
    Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
    Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
    Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
    And summer's lease hath all too short a date:
     
    Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
    And often is his gold complexion dimm'd;
    And every fair from fair sometime declines,
    By chance, or nature's changing course, untrimm'd;
     
    But thy eternal summer shall not fade
    Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st;
    Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,
    When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st;
    So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
    So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
    */
     

    - Example 2 -

    By default, RFLine stores the lines of the file in an array. This array can be accessed from finish callback function, under the lines field of the this object. So we can also print out the lines of the file from the callback function, which gets called when RFLine has finished reading the file.

    var reader = require('rfline').reader;
     
    reader('sonnet18.txt')
      .finish(function() { this.lines.map(function(line) { console.log(line) }});
     
    /*
    Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
    Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
    Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
    And summer's lease hath all too short a date:
     
    Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
    And often is his gold complexion dimm'd;
    And every fair from fair sometime declines,
    By chance, or nature's changing course, untrimm'd;
     
    But thy eternal summer shall not fade
    Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st;
    Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,
    When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st;
    So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
    So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
    */
     
     

    C. Error handling

    Handling errors can be tricky. To avoid unexpected silent errors, you should register a callback that handles these conditions. Error handlers can be registered with the .error method. When an error occurs in the read pipeline, the error will be dispatched to these functions.

    var reader = require('rfline').reader;
     
    reader('this_does_not_exist.txt')
      .error(function(err) { console.log(err.toString()) })
      .finish();

    We have built these examples into our regression test suite, but you can do much, much more. RFLine provides a powerful functional abstraction for file iteration.

    You can try out some sample apps at the rfline-examples repository.

    API Usage

    RFLine exports two functions reader and slurp.

    Use reader to process the file line-by-line.

    Use slurp to retrieve the contents of the file with a single function call. Slurp is basically just a wrapper around fs.readFile and its synchronous cousin, fs.readFileSync.

    .slurp(filepath, [callback])

    Pass in the filepath string to build a new reader. Be aware filepath is resolved from the context of the interpreter and NOT the calling script.

    If a callback is passed in, then the operation would be asynchronous. fs.readFile would be used, and the callback would be called on the return. The content of the file would be passed as an argument to the callback.

    If no callback is specified, fs.readFileSync would be used. The operation would be synchronous. The return value would be the content of the file.

    .reader(filepath, [opts])

    Pass in the filepath string to build a new reader. Note filepath is resolved from the context of the interpreter and NOT the calling script.

    opts

    If you don't like the default options, you can pass in an opts object. This would affect the processing of the file. For example:

    reader(fixture.path, { 'capOnFinish' : false, 'saveState' : false })

    The opts object that can have the following key value pairs:

    capOnFinish

    Default: true

    Calling .finish caps the chain. Set this to false, if you want to use more than one finish callback in your processing pipeline. You will have to call .cap explictly at the end, however. Otherwise, the file will never be read.

    saveState

    Default: true

    RFLine by default saves some state during the processing of the file. This includes the lines and number of lines read. Most of the time, this information is somewhat useful, but in some cases, this behavior can be problematic. For example, if you are using RFLine to read a very large file, you might want to set this to false. Otherwise, your process might run out of memory.

    .line(cb)

    Add the following callback to the list of functions to be called when the reader has determined the next line. The callback receives a line argument that holds the current line.

    Lines are guaranteed and sequential.

    .finish(cb)

    This method allows the developer to specify the callback RFLine will use to do processing at the end of the file. This callback can operate on states stored by RFLine during the processing like this.lines or this.lineCount.

    This method adds the callback to the finish dispatch chain.

    It will also call .cap to execute the chain if opts.capOnFinish is true. This is the default behavior.

    If you want, set additional callbacks to be executed on finish, then you should:

    1. set opts.capOnFinish to false,
    2. call .finish as many times as you need,
    3. cap the chain with an explicit .cap call.

    .cap()

    End the reader construction chain, and execute. Most times you will be not need to call this explicitly. It will be called implicitly for you during .finish unless opts.capOnFinish is set to false.

    License

    The MIT License (MIT)

    Copyright (c) 2015 Dickson Tam

    Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

    The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

    THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

    Install

    npm i rfline

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    Version

    0.2.6

    License

    MIT

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    • dicksont