2.0.5 • Public • Published

    require.all - function([dirname, options])

    Apply filters and require()/read all files within a specified directory and optionally resolve them with custom function or arguments.


    $ npm install --save require.all
    var controllers = require('require.all')('./controllers');
    // same as
    var controllers = {
        homeController: require('./controllers/home-controller.js'),
        aboutController: require('./controllers/about-controller.js'),
        admin: {
            dashboardController: require('./controllers/admin/dashboard-controller.js')
        // ...


    require.all = require('require.all');
    var controllers = require.all({
        dir: './controllers',
        match: /controller\.js$/i, //only files that end with 'controller.js'
        recursive: false,
        // rename module: use default mapping function and remove 'controller' from the end
        map: (name, path, isFile) =>, path, isFile).replace(/controller$/i, '')
    // resolve all controllers to have their instances
    controllers(function(name, Controller){
        this === controller; // true
        return new Controller();
    // the above code does the same as
    var controllers = {
        home: new require('./controllers/home-controller.js')(),
        about: new require('./controllers/about-controller.js')()
        // ...

    Options and defaults

    require.all = require('require.all');
    var modules = require.all({
            dir:        '.',
            not:        /^\./,
            match:      null,
            map:        map,
            ignore:     /^\.|node_modules/,
            require:    /\.(js|json)$/,
            recursive:  true,
            encoding:   'utf-8',
            tree:       true
    Option Type Default Description
    dir String '.' Absolute or relative path to the directory to be traversed. require.all will not require it's parent file to prevent infinite loops. Default: current directory
    not RegExp/Function(name)/null /^\./ Filter to specify which files to be skipped. Use null to disable. Default: skip files beginning with '.'
    match RegExp/Function(name)/null null Only matching files will be required. Use null to disable.
    map Function(name, path, isFile) Function to be used for renaming files and directories. Receives node's name and path and a flag which is true if the node is a file (false if dir). Must return the new name to be used. Default: convert to camelCased
    ignore RegExp/Function(name)/null /^\.|node_modules/ Filter to specify which child directories to be ignored. Applied only in recursive mode. Use null to disable. Default: ignore node_modules and folders beginning with .
    require RegExp/Function(name)/null /\.(js|json)$/ Filter to specify which files shall be loaded using require. Files that do not pass this filter will be loaded as a string. Use null to read all files as string. Default: only .js and .json files will be require-d
    recursive Boolean true Specifies whether to traverse child directories too.
    encoding String 'utf-8' The encoding to use for the files that will be read as string.
    tree Boolean true Determines whether the output object should mimic the structure of the files and folders, keeping the nesting level. If set to false all files will be on the same level.

    WARNING: Nodes (files and dirs) with same names on the same level will overwrite each other. If tree option is set to false directory names don't matter but keep in mind that all files are loaded on the same level so they all must have unique names.

    WARNING: File names and dirnames must not resolve (after the map function if any) to one of the following: name, arguments, caller, length

    WARNING: Currently nested calls to require.all are not supported - you cannot use require.all to require a file that uses require.all itself. See this issue


    require.all() actually returns a function which may be used to resolve all modules. It acts much like, looping trough all the loaded modules (see examples below!). It may be applied as many times as you wish in two possible modes:

    • If you pass no parameter or an array of parameters only the modules that are functions will be executed. If the return value is none falsy it will be the new value that will be available in the returned from require.all() object (function).
    var modules = require.all('./modules');
    // assume we have module foo; // function foo(){return function bar(a){ return a}}
    // execute all functions (resolve foo with no arguments)
    // foo is now bar; // function bar(a){ return a}
    // lets resolve bar
    modules();; // function bar(a){ return a}
    // bar was resolved but since `a` was undefined is still `bar`
    // lets resolve with array of none falsy values, that shall be passed as arguments 
    modules(["some none falsy value", "pointless"]);
    // returns `a`, the first argument, which now is none falsy so:; // "some none falsy value"
    • You may pass a single function and deal with the modules as you wish. The function is applied in the context of the module itself and receives the name of the module and the module as arguments.
    var modules = require.all('./modules');; //function foo(){return true}
    modules(function(name, module){
        this === module; // true
        return module
    });// function foo
    //again we may keep on resolving
    // is now true since we resolved it in mode 1 and it returns true; // true


    //same as 
    //same as 
    require.all()(funnction(name, mdl){
        return mdl(1,2,3)
    // so you may pass arguments as normal 
    // but if you want to pass a SINGLE argument 
    // which is an ARRAY or FUNCTION you should do this:
    var arr = [], f = function(){};
    // or 
    require.all()(arr, undefined);
    require.all()(f, undefined);

    Complete example

    require.all = require('require.all');
    var express = require('express');
    var app = express(),
        cfg = require.all('./config/'),
        controllers = require.all('./controllers'),
        models = require.all('./models'),
        routes = require.all('./routes');
    //pass models to controllers
    controllers([models]); // models is function!
    Object.assign(app, {controllers, models});
    // assume we have model for each page
    app.use('/:page*', function(req, res, next){
        var page =;
        res.model = models[page];
    // pass the controllers to all routes
    routes(controllers, undefined); // controllers is also function!
    // now the routes are ready to be bound;
    routes(function(name, route){
        return app.use('/' + name, route), route;
    // our app is ready that quickly... :)
    app.listen(cfg.port,, ()=>{
        console.log('App is running on %s:%s', cfg.port,;

    Hey, if something is missing or you want to suggest improvements and features, you are welcome.


    npm i require.all

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