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regexr

1.6.0 • Public • Published

regexr

Easily compose regular expressions. Doing this with strings would otherwise be tedious due to having to double-escape things.

Basic example:

import r from "regexr";
 
const int = /\d+/;
const USD = r`\$${int}(\.${int})?`; // f.e. $3.45 or $5

(Note that int is an instance of RegExp and can be composed into the template string, and the resulting USD is also a RegExp)

Regexr provides an ES6 template tag function that makes it easy to compose RegExps using template strings without double-escaped hell.

In ES5 and below, we may try to compose the regular expressions like so:

const int = '\d+'
let USD = new RegExp('\$'+int+'(\.'+int+')?`) // this won't work!

but if you're experienced enough, you'd know that if you want to compose regular expressions using ES5 strings you have to escape the escape:

const int = '\\d+'
const USD = new RegExp('\\$'+int+'(\\.'+int+')?`) // correct!

Imagine making more complex regexes! For example, compare the following two examples achieving the same thing in ES5 and ES6 respectively:

// in ES5, the double escaping can get confusing:
var spaceRegex = "\\s*";
var finalRegex = "\\(" + spaceRegex + "\\/\\[\\\\\\d+\\]\\)*$";
finalRegex = new RegExp(finalRegex, "g");
console.log(!!"( /[\\12358])".match(finalRegex)); // true
// in ES6, we don't have to double escape, thanks to regexr:
import r from "regexr";
 
var spaceRegex = r`\s*`;
var finalRegex = r`/\(${spaceRegex}\/\[\\\d+\]\)*$/g`;
console.log(!!"( /[\\12358])".match(finalRegex)); // true

API

r`` template tag function

import r from "regexr";
// or
const r = require("regexr").default;

r`` is a template tag function that converts the given string into a RegExp without requiring double escaping. Instances of RegExp can be mixed into the string, and will be composed into the final RegExp.

Example:

const digit = /\d/;
const integer = r`/${digit}+/`;
const number = r`/${integer}|${digit}*\.${integer}|${integer}\.${digit}*/`; // f.e. 4.2, .5, 5.

Helpers

r.escape

Escape a plain string for matching literally inside a regex.

Sometimes we want to match an exact string that may contain symbols that we need to escape in order to match the characters of the string literally.

In the follow example, we want to find occurrences of the string "value: $5.00" in some input, so we need to escape the money string so that the dollar symbol ($) doesn't represent end-of-line and the period (.) doesn't mean any character:

const money = "$5.00";
const fiveDollarRegex = r`value: ${r.escape(money)}`;
 
console.log(fiveDollarRegex); // /value: \$5\.00/
console.log("value: $5.00".match(fiveDollarRegex)); // true
console.log("value: $5.50".match(fiveDollarRegex)); // false

Hand-picked Regexes

Regexr comes with some pre-selected regular expressions. For example, we can rewrite the first example:

import r from "regexr";
 
const USD = r`\$${r.integer}(\.${r.integer})?`; // f.e. $3.45 or $5

where r.integer is an instance of RegExp.

NOTE! Some of the following RegExps require to be wrapped in () when they are being composed into bigger RegExps. These will be noted below.

r.identifier

Matches a valid JavaScript identifier. See this for details.

Requires wrapping in () when being composed.

For example, to match a the beginning of a JS variable declaration, you could write:

const variableDeclaration = r`(const|let|var)\s+(${r.identifier})\s*=`;
!!"const foo  =".match(variableDeclaration); // true
!!"const foo bar =".match(variableDeclaration); // false

r.digit

Matches a single numerical digit (0-9).

Example:

!!" 8 ".match(r` ${r.digit} `); // true
!!" 25 ".match(r` ${r.digit} `); // false

r.integer

Matches 1 or more digits.

Example:

!!" 432 ".match(r` ${r.integer} `); // true

r.number

Matches a JavaScript Number.

Example:

!!"3".match(r.number); // true
!!"432".match(r.number); // true
!!"4.2".match(r.number); // true
!!"5.".match(r.number); // true
!!".34".match(r.number); // true

r.identifierList

Matches a comma separated list of legal JavaScript identifiers.

Example:

const identifiersInsideParens = r`\(${r.identifierList}\)`;
 
!!"(foo,  bar,baz)".match(identifiersInsideParens); // true
!!"(foo, ,bar, baz)".match(identifiersInsideParens); // false

r.functionHeader

Matches a JavaScript function header.

Example:

const identifiersInsideParens = r`\(${r.identifierList}\)`;
 
!!"function() {".match(r.functionHeader); // true
!!"function asdf() {".match(r.functionHeader); // true
!!"function (asdf ) {".match(r.functionHeader); // true
!!"function asdf (asdf ) {".match(r.functionHeader); // true
!!"function asdf(asdf  , asdf, ) {".match(r.functionHeader); // true
!!"function (asdf, asdf, asdfa asdf ) {".match(r.functionHeader); // false
!!"function asdf (asdf, asdf, asdfa asdf ) {".match(r.functionHeader); // false
!!"function asdf asdf (asdf, asdf, asdfa ) {".match(r.functionHeader); // false
!!"function asdf asdf (, asdf, asdf,) {".match(r.functionHeader); // false
!!"function (asdf asdf) {".match(r.functionHeader); // false
!!"function (asdf,,) {".match(r.functionHeader); // false

Install

npm i regexr

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

33

Version

1.6.0

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

74.1 kB

Total Files

11

Last publish

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