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5.10.0 • Public • Published

Redux Persist

Persist and rehydrate a redux store.

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npm install redux-persist

Usage Examples:

  1. Basic Usage
  2. Nested Persists
  3. Hot Module Replacement
  4. Code Splitting [coming soon]

Basic Usage

Basic usage involves adding persistReducer and persistStore to your setup. IMPORTANT Every app needs to decide how many levels of state they want to "merge". The default is 1 level. Please read through the state reconciler docs for more information.

// configureStore.js
import { createStore } from 'redux'
import { persistStore, persistReducer } from 'redux-persist'
import storage from 'redux-persist/lib/storage' // defaults to localStorage for web and AsyncStorage for react-native
import rootReducer from './reducers'
const persistConfig = {
  key: 'root',
const persistedReducer = persistReducer(persistConfig, rootReducer)
export default () => {
  let store = createStore(persistedReducer)
  let persistor = persistStore(store)
  return { store, persistor }

If you are using react, wrap your root component with PersistGate. This delays the rendering of your app's UI until your persisted state has been retrieved and saved to redux. NOTE the PersistGate loading prop can be null, or any react instance, e.g. loading={<Loading />}

import { PersistGate } from 'redux-persist/integration/react'
// ... normal setup, create store and persistor, import components etc.
const App = () => {
  return (
    <Provider store={store}>
      <PersistGate loading={null} persistor={persistor}>
        <RootComponent />


Full API

persistReducer(config, reducer)

  • arguments
    • config object
      • required config: key, storage
      • notable other config: whitelist, blacklist, version, stateReconciler, debug
    • reducer function
      • any reducer will work, typically this would be the top level reducer returned by combineReducers
  • returns an enhanced reducer

persistStore(store, [config, callback])

  • arguments
    • store redux store The store to be persisted.
    • config object (typically null)
    • callback function will be called after rehydration is finished.
  • returns persistor object

persistor object

  • the persistor object is returned by persistStore with the following methods:
    • .purge()
      • purges state from disk and returns a promise
    • .flush()
      • immediately writes all pending state to disk and returns a promise
    • .pause()
      • pauses persistence
    • .persist()
      • resumes persistence

State Reconciler

State reconcilers define how incoming state is merged in with initial state. It is critical to choose the right state reconciler for your state. There are three options that ship out of the box, lets look at how each operates:

  1. hardSet (import hardSet from 'redux-persist/lib/stateReconciler/hardSet') This will hard set incoming state. This can be desirable in some cases where persistReducer is nested deeper in your reducer tree, or if you do not rely on initialState in your reducer.
    • incoming state: { foo: incomingFoo }
    • initial state: { foo: initialFoo, bar: initialBar }
    • reconciled state: { foo: incomingFoo } // note bar has been dropped
  2. autoMergeLevel1 (default) This will auto merge one level deep. Auto merge means if the some piece of substate was modified by your reducer during the REHYDRATE action, it will skip this piece of state. Level 1 means it will shallow merge 1 level deep.
    • incoming state: { foo: incomingFoo }
    • initial state: { foo: initialFoo, bar: initialBar }
    • reconciled state: { foo: incomingFoo, bar: initialBar } // note incomingFoo overwrites initialFoo
  3. autoMergeLevel2 (import autoMergeLevel2 from 'redux-persist/lib/stateReconciler/autoMergeLevel2') This acts just like autoMergeLevel1, except it shallow merges two levels
    • incoming state: { foo: incomingFoo }
    • initial state: { foo: initialFoo, bar: initialBar }
    • reconciled state: { foo: mergedFoo, bar: initialBar } // note: initialFoo and incomingFoo are shallow merged


import hardSet from 'redux-persist/lib/stateReconciler/hardSet'
const persistConfig = {
  key: 'root',
  stateReconciler: hardSet,

React Integration

Redux persist ships with react integration as a conveinence. The PersistGate component is the recommended way to delay rendering until persistence is complete. It works in one of two modes:

  1. loading prop: The provided loading value will be rendered until persistence is complete at which point children will be rendered.
  2. function childen: The function will be invoked with a single bootstrapped argument. When bootstrapped is true, persistence is complete and it is safe to render the full app. This can be useful for adding transition animations.

Blacklist & Whitelist

By Example:

const persistConfig = {
  key: 'root',
  storage: storage,
  blacklist: ['navigation'] // navigation will not be persisted
const persistConfig = {
  key: 'root',
  storage: storage,
  whitelist: ['navigation'] // only navigation will be persisted

Nested Persists

Nested persist can be useful for including different storage adapters, code splitting, or deep filtering. For example while blacklist and whitelist only work one level deep, but we can use a nested persist to blacklist a deeper value:

import { combineReducers } from 'redux'
import { persistReducer } from 'redux-persist'
import storage from 'redux-persist/lib/storage'
import { authReducer, otherReducer } from './reducers'
const rootPersistConfig = {
  key: 'root',
  storage: storage,
  blacklist: ['auth']
const authPersistConfig = {
  key: 'auth',
  storage: storage,
  blacklist: ['somethingTemporary']
const rootReducer = combineReducers({
  auth: persistReducer(authPersistConfig, authReducer),
  other: otherReducer,
export default persistReducer(rootPersistConfig, rootReducer)


persistReducer has a general purpose "migrate" config which will be called after getting stored state but before actually reconciling with the reducer. It can be any function which takes state as an argument and returns a promise to return a new state object.

Redux Persist ships with createMigrate, which helps create a synchronous migration for moving from any version of stored state to the current state version. [Additional information]


Transforms allow you to customize the state object that gets persisted and rehydrated.

There are several libraries that tackle some of the common implementations for transforms.

  • immutable - support immutable reducers
  • compress - compress your serialized state with lz-string
  • encrypt - encrypt your serialized state with AES
  • filter - store or load a subset of your state
  • filter-immutable - store or load a subset of your state with support for immutablejs
  • expire - expire a specific subset of your state based on a property

When the state object gets persisted, it first gets serialized with JSON.stringify(). If parts of your state object are not mappable to JSON objects, the serialization process may transform these parts of your state in unexpected ways. For example, the javascript Set type does not exist in JSON. When you try to serialize a Set via JSON.stringify(), it gets converted to an empty object. Probably not what you want.

Below is a Transform that successfully persists a Set property, which simply converts it to an array and back. In this way, the Set gets converted to an Array, which is a recognized data structure in JSON. When pulled out of the persisted store, the array gets converted back to a Set before being saved to the redux store.

const myTransform = createTransform(
  // transform state on its way to being serialized and persisted.
  (inboundState, key) => {
    // convert mySet to an Array.
    return { ...inboundState, mySet: [...inboundState.mySet] };
  // transform state being rehydrated
  (outboundState, key) => {
    // convert mySet back to a Set.
    return { ...outboundState, mySet: new Set(outboundState.mySet) };
  // define which reducers this transform gets called for.
  { whitelist: ['someReducer'] }

The createTransform function takes three parameters.

  1. An "inbound" function that gets called right before state is persisted.
  2. An "outbound" function that gets called right before state is rehydrated.
  3. Config.

Storage Engines




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