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WARNING: This project has been renamed to redux-cycles. Install using redux-cycles instead.


0.2.1 • Public • Published


Handle redux async actions using Cycle.js.

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npm install --save redux-cycle-middleware

Then use createCycleMiddleware() which takes as first argument your main Cycle.js function, and second argument the Cycle.js drivers you want to use:

import { createCycleMiddleware } from 'redux-cycle-middleware';
function main(sources) {
  const pong$ = sources.ACTION
    .filter(action => action.type === 'PING')
    .mapTo({ type: 'PONG' });
  return {
    ACTION: pong$
const cycleMiddleware = createCycleMiddleware(main, { HTTP: makeHTTPDriver() });
const store = createStore(


Try out this JS Bin.

See a real world example: cycle autocomplete.

What is this?

Here's how Async is done using redux-observable. The problem is that we still have side-effects in our epics (ajax.getJSON). This means that we're still writing imperative code:

const fetchUserEpic = action$ =>
    .mergeMap(action =>

With Cycle.js we can push them even further outside our app using drivers, allowing us to write entirely declarative code:

function main(sources) {
  const request$ = sources.ACTION
    .filter(action => action.type === FETCH_USER)
    .map(action => ({
      url: `${action.payload}`,
      category: 'users',
  const action$ = sources.HTTP
  return {
    ACTION: action$,
    HTTP: request$

This middleware intercepts Redux actions and allows us to handle them using Cycle.js in a pure data-flow manner, without side effects. It was heavily inspired by redux-observable, but instead of epics there's an ACTION driver observable with the same actions-in, actions-out concept. The main difference is that you can handle them inside the Cycle.js loop and therefore take advantage of the power of Cycle.js functional reactive programming paradigms.


Redux-cycle-middleware ships with two drivers:

  • ACTION, which is a read-write driver, allowing to react to actions that have just happened, as well as to dispatch new actions.
  • STATE, which is a read-only driver that streams the current redux state. It's a reactive counterpart of the yield select(state => state) effect in Redux-saga.
import sampleCombine from 'xstream/extra/sampleCombine'
function main(sources) {
  const state$ = sources.STATE;
  const isOdd$ = state$.map(state => state.counter % 2 === 0);
  const increment$ = sources.ACTION
    .filter(action => action.type === INCREMENT_IF_ODD)
    .map(([ action, isOdd ]) => isOdd ? increment() : null)
    .filter(action => action);
  return {
    ACTION: increment$

Here's an example on how the STATE driver works.


Redux-cycle-middleware ships with a combineCycles util. As the name suggests, it allows you to take multiple cycle apps (main functions) and combine them into a single one.


import { combineCycles } from 'redux-cycle-middleware';
// import all your cycle apps (main functions) you intend to use with the middleware:
import fetchReposByUser from './fetchReposByUser';
import searchUsers from './searchUsers';
import clearSearchResults from './clearSearchResults';
export default combineCycles(

You can see it used in the provided example.


Since your main Cycle functions are pure dataflow, you can test them quite easily by giving streams as input and expecting specific streams as outputs. Checkout these example tests. Also checkout the cyclejs/time project, which should work perfectly with redux-cycle-middleware.

Why not just use Cycle.js?

Mainly because Cycle.js does not say anything about how to handle state, so Redux, which has specific rules for state management, is something that can be used along with Cycle.js. This middleware allows you to continue using your Redux/React stack, while allowing you to get your hands wet with FRP and Cycle.js.

What's the difference between "adding Redux to Cycle.js" and "adding Cycle.js to Redux"?

This middleware doesn't mix Cycle.js with Redux/React at all (like other cycle-redux middlewares do). It behaves completely separately and it's meant to (i) intercept actions, (ii) react upon them functionally and purely, and (iii) dispatch new actions. So you can build your whole app without this middleware, then once you're ready to do async stuff, you can plug it in to handle your async stuff with Cycle.

You should think of this middleware as a different option to handle side-effects in React/Redux apps. Currently there's redux-observable and redux-saga (which uses generators). However, they're both imperative and non-reactive ways of doing async. This middleware is a way of handling your side effects in a pure and reactive way using Cycle.js.




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npm i redux-cycle-middleware

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