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0.6.0 • Public • Published

Redis In-Memory Server

This package spins up a real Redis server programmatically from Node.js, for testing or mocking during development. It holds the data in memory. Each redis-server process takes about 4Mb of memory. The server will allow you to connect your favorite client library to the Redis server and run integration tests isolated from each other.

It is inspired heavily by mongodb-memory-server.

On install, it downloads the Redis source, compiles the redis-server binary, and saves it to a cache folder.

On starting a new instance of the in-memory server, if the binary cannot be found, it will be downloaded and compiled; thus, the first run may take some time. All further runs will be fast because they will use the downloaded binaries.

This package automatically downloads source code from

Every RedisMemoryServer instance starts a fresh Redis server on a free port. You may start up several redis-server processes simultaneously. When you terminate your script or call stop(), the Redis server(s) will be automatically shut down.

It works in Travis CI without additional services or addons in .travis.yml.


yarn add redis-memory-server --dev
# OR
npm install redis-memory-server --save-dev

On install, this package auto-downloads and compiles version stable of the redis-server binary to node_modules/.cache/redis-binaries.


  • NodeJS: 10.15+
  • Typescript: 3.8+ (if used)
  • make


Although Windows is not officially supported by Redis, but there is a downloadable version of redis: 3.0.503 (June 28, 2016) for win64 by microsoft. This is an older version. It will work for most of the simple tasks like basic storage and pubsub. Probably what is missing or old is lua scripting.

Please note it will download the redis binary from github from URL:

Optionally, you could provide your own URL before running npm install: npx cross-env REDISMS_DOWNLOAD_URL='' npm install

Configuring which redis-server binary to use

The default behavior is that version stable will be downloaded. You can set configurations via environment variables or via package.json.


Simple server start

import { RedisMemoryServer } from 'redis-memory-server';

const redisServer = new RedisMemoryServer();

const host = await redisServer.getHost();
const port = await redisServer.getPort();

// `redis-server` has been started
// you may use `host` and `port` as connection parameters for `ioredis` (or similar)

// you may check instance status
redisServer.getInstanceInfo(); // returns an object with instance data

// you may stop `redis-server` manually
await redisServer.stop();

// when `redis-server` is killed, its running status should be `false`

// even if you forget to stop `redis-server`,
// when your script exits, a special process killer will shut it down for you

Available options for RedisMemoryServer

All settings are optional.

const redisServer = new RedisMemoryServer({
  instance: {
    port: number, // by default, choose any free port
    ip: string, // by default, ''; for binding to all IP addresses set it to `::,`,
    args: [], // by default, no additional arguments; any additional command line arguments for `redis-server`
  binary: {
    version: string, // by default, 'stable'
    downloadDir: string, // by default, 'node_modules/.cache/redis-memory-server/redis-binaries'
    systemBinary: string, // by default, undefined
  autoStart: boolean, // by default, true

Options which can be set via environment variables

REDISMS_DOWNLOAD_DIR=/path/to/redis/binaries # default target download directory
REDISMS_VERSION=6.0.10 # default version to download
REDISMS_DEBUG=1 # debug mode, also available case-insensitive values: "on" "yes" "true"
REDISMS_DOWNLOAD_MIRROR=host # your mirror host to download the redis binary
REDISMS_DOWNLOAD_URL=url # full URL to download the redis binary
REDISMS_DISABLE_POSTINSTALL=1 # if you want to skip download binaries on install
REDISMS_SYSTEM_BINARY=/usr/local/bin/redis-server # if you want to use an existing binary already on your system.

Options which can be set via package.json

You can also use package.json to configure the installation process. It will search up the hierarchy looking for package.json files and combine all configurations, where closer package.json files take precedence. Environment variables have higher priority than contents of package.json files.

  "redisMemoryServer": {
    "downloadDir": "/path/to/redis/binaries",
    "version": "6.0.10",
    "debug": "1",
    "downloadMirror": "url",
    "disablePostinstall": "1",
    "systemBinary": "/usr/local/bin/redis-server"

By default, it starts looking for package.json files at process.cwd(). To change this:

import { findPackageJson } from 'redis-memory-server/lib/util/resolve-config';


Simple test with ioredis

Take a look at this test file.

Debug mode

Debug mode can be enabled with an environment variable or in package.json:

REDISMS_DEBUG=1 # also available case-insensitive values: "on", "yes", "true"


  "redisMemoryServer": {
    "debug": "1"


This package is inspired heavily by mongodb-memory-server.




npm i redis-memory-server

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  • mhassan1