1.5.2 • Public • Published

React Sortable Tree






import React, { Component } from 'react';
import SortableTree from 'react-sortable-tree';
export default class Tree extends Component {
  constructor(props) {
    this.state = {
      treeData: [{ title: 'Chicken', children: [ { title: 'Egg' } ] }],
  render() {
    return (
      <div style={{ height: 400 }}>
          onChange={treeData => this.setState({ treeData })}

Find more examples in the Storybook

Play with the code on an example on CodeSandbox


Prop Type
object[] Tree data with the following keys:
title is the primary label for the node.
subtitle is a secondary label for the node.
expanded shows children of the node if true, or hides them if false. Defaults to false.
children is an array of child nodes belonging to the node.
Example: [{title: 'main', subtitle: 'sub'}, { title: 'value2', expanded: true, children: [{ title: 'value3') }] }]
func Called whenever tree data changed. Just like with React input elements, you have to update your own component's data to see the changes reflected.
( treeData: object[] ): void
func Specify the unique key used to identify each node and generate the path array passed in callbacks. It uses defaultGetNodeKey by default, which returns the index in the tree (omitting hidden nodes).
({ node: object, treeIndex: number }): string or number
generateNodeProps func Generate an object with additional props to be passed to the node renderer. Use this for adding buttons via the buttons key, or additional style / className settings.
({ node: object, path: number[] or string[], treeIndex: number, lowerSiblingCounts: number[], isSearchMatch: bool, isSearchFocus: bool }): object
onMoveNode func Called after node move operation.
({ treeData: object[], node: object, prevPath: number[] or string[], prevTreeIndex: number, nextPath: number[] or string[], nextTreeIndex: number }): void
onVisibilityToggle func Called after children nodes collapsed or expanded.
({ treeData: object[], node: object, expanded: bool, path: number[] or string[] }): void
maxDepth number Maximum depth nodes can be inserted at. Defaults to infinite.
canDrag func or bool Return false from callback to prevent node from dragging, by hiding the drag handle. Set prop to false to disable dragging on all nodes. Defaults to true.
({ node: object, path: number[] or string[], treeIndex: number, lowerSiblingCounts: number[], isSearchMatch: bool, isSearchFocus: bool }): bool
canDrop func Return false to prevent node from dropping in the given location.
({ node: object, prevPath: number[] or string[], prevParent: object, prevTreeIndex: number, nextPath: number[] or string[], nextParent: object, nextTreeIndex: number }): bool
theme object Set an all-in-one packaged appearance for the tree. See the Themes section for more information.
searchMethod func The method used to search nodes. Defaults to defaultSearchMethod, which uses the searchQuery string to search for nodes with matching title or subtitle values. NOTE: Changing searchMethod will not update the search, but changing the searchQuery will.
({ node: object, path: number[] or string[], treeIndex: number, searchQuery: any }): bool
searchQuery string or any Used by the searchMethod to highlight and scroll to matched nodes. Should be a string for the default searchMethod, but can be anything when using a custom search. Defaults to null.
searchFocusOffset number Outline the <searchFocusOffset>th node and scroll to it.
searchFinishCallback func Get the nodes that match the search criteria. Used for counting total matches, etc.
(matches: { node: object, path: number[] or string[], treeIndex: number }[]): void
dndType string String value used by react-dnd (see overview at the link) for dropTargets and dragSources types. If not set explicitly, a default value is applied by react-sortable-tree for you for its internal use. NOTE: Must be explicitly set and the same value used in order for correct functioning of external nodes
shouldCopyOnOutsideDrop func or bool Return true, or a callback returning true, and dropping nodes to react-dnd drop targets outside of the tree will not remove them from the tree. Defaults to false.
({ node: object, prevPath: number[] or string[], prevTreeIndex: number, }): bool
reactVirtualizedListProps object Custom properties to hand to the react-virtualized list
style object Style applied to the container wrapping the tree (style defaults to {height: '100%'})
innerStyle object Style applied to the inner, scrollable container (for padding, etc.)
className string Class name for the container wrapping the tree
rowHeight number or func Used by react-virtualized. Defaults to 62. Either a fixed row height (number) or a function that returns the height of a row given its index: ({ index: number }): number
slideRegionSize number Size in px of the region near the edges that initiates scrolling on dragover.Defaults to 100.
scaffoldBlockPxWidth number The width of the blocks containing the lines representing the structure of the tree.Defaults to 44.
isVirtualized bool Set to false to disable virtualization. Defaults to true. NOTE: Auto-scrolling while dragging, and scrolling to the searchFocusOffset will be disabled.
nodeContentRenderer any Override the default component (NodeRendererDefault) for rendering nodes (but keep the scaffolding generator). This is a last resort for customization - most custom styling should be able to be solved with generateNodeProps, a theme or CSS rules. If you must use it, is best to copy the component in node-renderer-default.js to use as a base, and customize as needed.
placeholderRenderer any Override the default placeholder component (PlaceholderRendererDefault) which is displayed when the tree is empty. This is an advanced option, and in most cases should probably be solved with a theme or custom CSS instead.

Data Helper Functions

Need a hand turning your flat data into nested tree data? Want to perform add/remove operations on the tree data without creating your own recursive function? Check out the helper functions exported from tree-data-utils.js.

Notable among the available functions:

  • getTreeFromFlatData: Convert flat data (like that from a database) into nested tree data
  • getFlatDataFromTree: Convert tree data back to flat data
  • addNodeUnderParent: Add a node under the parent node at the given path
  • removeNodeAtPath: Remove the node at the given path
  • changeNodeAtPath: Modify the node object at the given path
  • map: Perform a change on every node in the tree
  • walk: Visit every node in the tree in order

Documentation for each method is only available in the code at this time. You can also refer to the tests for simple usage examples. If your hobbies happen to include writing documentation, by all means submit a pull request. It would really help out.


Using the theme prop along with an imported theme module, you can easily override the default appearance with another standard one.

Featured themes

File Explorer Theme
File Explorer
Github | NPM

Help Wanted - As the themes feature has just been enabled, there are very few (only one at the time of this writing) theme modules available. If you've customized the appearance of your tree to be especially cool or easy to use, I would be happy to feature it in this readme with a link to the Github repo and NPM page if you convert it to a theme. You can use my file explorer theme repo as a template to plug in your own stuff.

Browser Compatibility

Browser Works?
Chrome Yes
Firefox Yes
Safari Yes
IE 11 Yes


If it doesn't work with other components that use react-dnd

react-dnd only allows for one DragDropContext at a time (see: To get around this, you can import the context-less tree component via SortableTreeWithoutDndContext.

// before
import SortableTree from 'react-sortable-tree';
// after
import { SortableTreeWithoutDndContext as SortableTree } from 'react-sortable-tree';


After cloning the repository and running npm install inside, you can use the following commands to develop and build the project.

# Starts a webpack dev server that hosts a demo page with the component. 
# It uses react-hot-loader so changes are reflected on save. 
npm start
# Start the storybook, which has several different examples to play with. 
# Also hot-reloaded. 
npm run storybook
# Runs the library tests 
npm test
# Lints the code with eslint 
npm run lint
# Lints and builds the code, placing the result in the dist directory. 
# This build is necessary to reflect changes if you're  
#  `npm link`-ed to this repository from another local project. 
npm run build

Pull requests are welcome!




npm i react-sortable-tree-psh

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  • ydeshayes