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react-scroll-animator

0.0.7 • Public • Published

react-scroll-animator

This package aims to provide a minimal set of generic tools that allow complicated scroll animation sequences to be defined in a concise way using the power of React. The progress of these animations is determined by the scroll location of the page.

Please execuse the looks of the examples to follow, little time was spent on their appearance, the main goal was to show the features.

Installation

npm install react-scroll-animator --save
import {Animator} from "react-scroll-animator";

Usage

The core aspect of scroll-animator is the actual Animator component. This component allows you to define multiple sections of the animation, and at what scroll offset, relative to the previous section, they should start. The corresponding variables will increase from 0-1 in sequence, as the user scrolls the specified distance.

Consider this basic example, and its result

{/* Create an animator instance and specify the animation sections and their ranges */}
<Animator sections={[{$margin: 300}, {$text: 200}]}>
    {({$margin, $text}) => (
        // Create the content to show, uusing the passed section variables whose values range from 0 to 1
        <div
            style={{
                backgroundColor: "orange",
                position: "relative",
                top: 800,
                height: 20,
                /* Use map to map the values from 0-200 and apply easing (argument 0 may be left out) */
                marginLeft: map($margin, 0, 200, {easing: "easeInOutSin"})
            }}>
            {/* Use the map function to map 0-1 to the integers 0-lengthOfText */}
            {text.substring(0, map($text, text.length, {digits: 0}))}
        </div>
    )}
</Animator>

Map

The package contains a simple map function, that takes 4 arguments, of which the second is optional:

map(progress, start, end, options);
progress: value from 0-1
start: the value that progress 0 should map to (optional, defaults to 0)
end: the value that progress 1 should map to
options: {
    digits: The number of decimals to round to (no rounding by default)
    easing: The name of a easing function to apply (linear by default)
}

See the available easing methods here

Once

Animations that you don't want to reset when the user scrolls back up, can use the second callbackParameter. This parameter will be the greatest value that each section has had so far.

<Animator sections={[{$margin: 300}, {$text: 200}]}>
    {({$margin, $text}, {$margin: $marginMax, $text: $textMax}) => (
        // $marginMax will be the largetst value for $margin that has been passed so far, the same applies to $textMax and $text
        <div>...</div>
    )}
</Animator>

See the example and its code

Latest

latest can be used to pick the latest value from a set of variables, this way you can animate the same property, using multiple sections. This is usefull when you want a break in a transition, or reverse it at some moment.

latest(sections, values);
sections: A list of the section variables that map to the values
values: A list of values to use to return the latest from
<div
    style={{
        marginLeft: latest(
            [$left1, $left2],
            [
                map($left1, 0, 200),
                map($left2, 200, 400),
            ]
        )
    }}>
    ...
</div>

See the example and its code

Stagger

The animator component also allows sections to define an offset, in order to start a section some delay before or after the previous one has finished.

<Animator
    sections={[
        {$s1: 300},
        {$s2: 300, offset: -250},
        {$s3: 300, offset: -250},
        {$s4: 300, offset: -250},
        {$s5: 300, offset: -250},
        {$d: 300},
    ]}>
    ...
</Animator>

See the example and its code

Parallel

The animator component allows sequences of sections to be executed in parallel, by putting a sequence (array of sections) in an array. This can be useful when animating different independent components that move at the same time.

<Animator
    sections={[
        {$start: 300},
        [
            [{$1s1: 150}, {$2s1: 100}, {$3s1: 100}],
            [{$1s2: 100}, {$2s2: 100}, {$3s2: 100}],
        ],
        {$end: 100}
    ]}>
    ...
</Animator>

See the example and its code

Css

As one might expect, this library can easily be used together with css animations. One can easily activate the animation at a certain point by adding or removing a class at some threshold.

<div className={"box1" + ($box1 == 1 ? " active" : "")} />

See the example and its code

Pin

When you want an element to only scroll at certain moments on the page, you can make use of the Pin component. This component will only scroll during the passed sections.

The Animator component allows for a section's range to be defined as a start and end value, such that the actual animation scroll distance will be its delta. And the Pin component can then read these start and end values to determine what locations to scroll to.

const h = document.body.clientHeight;
<Animator
    sections={[
        {$scrollIn: [h, h / 2]},
        {$something: 300},
        {$scrollOut: [/ 2, -30]}
    ]}>
    {({$scrollIn, $something, $scrollOut}) => (
        <Pin sections={{$scrollIn, $scrollOut}}>
            ...
        </Pin>
    )}
</Animator>

See the example and its code

Page offset

When you want to add an element without a pin to come into view at the moment a section starts, you can use the third callback parameter. This parameter will simply be the sum of the ranges of sections that came before.

const h = document.body.clientHeight;
<Animator
    sections={[
        {$scrollIn: [h, h / 2]},
        {$something: 300},
        {$scrollOut: [/ 2, -30]}
    ]}>
    {({$scrollIn, $something, $scrollOut}, _, {$scrollInOffset, $somethingOffset, $scrollOutOffset}) => (
        <div>...</div>
    )}
</Animator>

in the example above, the offset variables will have values 0, h/2, h/2+300 respectively.

See the example and its code

Reference

Since you probably don't want to hardcode in locations for elements (assuming you want a design that's at least somewhat responsive) a method for creating element references is provided. This allows you to wrap your element in a Reference component, and retrieve the location and size of that reference.

<RefCreator>
    {([Ref]) => (
        <div>
            {/* Create a refence element */}
            <Ref>
                <div
                    style={{display: "inline-block"}}>
                    Hello text
                    <br /> test
                </div>
            </Ref>
 
            {/* Create an element with the same size as the reference element*/}
            <div
                style={{
                    width: Ref.width,
                    height: Ref.height,
                    display: "inline-block"
                }}>
                Yes
            </div>
        </div>
    )}
</RefCreator>

The RefCreator has one property count, which defines the number of Reference components you want to retrieve in the passed array.

Each reference will contain the variables x, y, width, height and the referenced element element, where the x and y are relative to the page. They also contain a method update for updating these variables, since they won't update as the element changes, and refresh to call the render method of RefCreator again, in order to update all dependencies on the reference.

See the example and its code

Templating

These references can be used very neatly to create a template of what you want your page in different 'scenes' to look like, while allowing for a responsive design, and then make complex transitions between these.

In the example below, try making the view port small enough such that the 2 containers don't fit next to each other, the animation will still work properly.

This can be seen in this example and its code

Contributing

Any contributions to the package are welcome. Currently the main points of interests however are:

  • Making type declaration cleaner, and trying to support the nested parallel sequences
  • Trying to improve performance by only recomputing percenteges that have changed
  • Making nicer looking examples, and potentially a proper website

Install

npm i react-scroll-animator

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Version

0.0.7

License

MIT

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