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1.0.2 • Public • Published


Higher order component to enable loading states between route transitions and fetch data for the new route

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Example app

A super simple app example has been created at


There is a lot of boilerplate involved when using react router and fetching the necessary data when transitioning from route to route. This is an attempt to simplify this process with 2 primary features:

  • fetch the data that is needed for a new route before rendering the route
  • display a loading indicator in the app signifying that the new route is loading, while keeping the current route visible

inspired by


If you use redux, there is a version of this component with some redux niceness built in.


Wrap your App in the transition manager component

in your top level component, between react router and your app, wrap it's contents with transition manger like so...

import TransitionManager from 'react-route-transition-manager'
const ErrorPage = (props) => (
  <div className="Error">Ooops! there was an error...</div>
const LoadingIndicator = (props) => (
  <div className="Loader">loading...</div>
const SplashScreen = (props) => (
  <div className='Splashing'><p>welcome to this brave new world...</p></div>
const App = (props) =>
  <TransitionManager {...props}
    onFetchStart={() => console.log('started fetching data for routes')}
    onFetchEnd={() => console.log('finished fetching data for routes')}
    onError={(err) => console.log('an error happened while fetching data for routes ', err)}
    FetchingIndicator={<LoadingIndicator />}
    ErrorIndicator={<ErrorPage />}
    SplashScreen={<SplashScreen />}
    <Header />
    <div className="App">

this will do a few things. when the route starts to change, it will do the following:

  • call onFetchStart
  • render FetchingIndicator into the body of the page so you can style it above your app more easily and add a class to the body, TransitionManager-body-is-fetching
  • loop through the matched handlers looking for fetch methods.
  • call the fetch methods, collecting any promises.
  • wait for the promises to resolve before rendering the new route if promises are found. if none are found, it will resolve immediately.
  • on successful fetching, it will call onFetchEnd
  • on an error, it will call onError and render the ErrorIndicator component

Specifying route data needs

This allows you to specify at the route handler level what data that route needs via a static fetch method. The fetching itself should be wired up to redux via thunks, or whatever way you want to handle that. the only requirement is that the static method returns a promise.

import React, { Component } from 'react'
import { connect } from 'react-redux'
import fetchStuff from 'data/stuff/fetchStuff' //your async action
class Page extends Component {
  static fetch(params, query) {
    return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
      //do something to get the data this route needs, and have it end up in a store somewhere, like a flux store, etc.
  render() {
    return (
      <p>the stuff</p>

Static method params

The reactRouterFetch module is used to call the static methods on the matched route handlers. it will call the fetch method with the react router params(path params) and the query(?id=whatever)


onFetchStart: PropTypes.func - This is a function that will be called when fetching starts.

onFetchEnd: PropTypes.func - This is called when fetching ends

onError: PropTypes.func - This is called when an error occurs during transition, like a request fails

FetchingIndicator: PropTypes.element - This will be rendered outside the react component tree into the body, so you can use css to put it above the application.

ErrorIndicator: PropTypes.element - This will be rendered instead of props.children when an error occurs.

SplashScreen: PropTypes.element - This is the element to be shown for the initial page load. your loading indicator may be enough, so this is optional

fetchInitial: PropTypes.bool - This is for using this in client side apps only, this will initiate a fetch of the route right away, since the data wasn't loaded from the server.

showIndicatorOnInitial - This prop will control whether or not you want to also show your loading indicator on the initial load. Depending on your ui, you may want to have a splash screen with a loading bar at the top of the page or something.

Still to do:

  • if your API returns an error that you want to handle more specifically, you need to do it in your error Indicator and access your redux store. While this is serviceable, I want to provided a pass-through, where if an error happens on a certain route, you will be able to handle the error in the route handler instead if you want to.




npm i react-route-transition-manager

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