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This package has now been renamed to '@p5-wrapper/react' as of version 4.1.2 onwards. Please update the dependency name in your package.json to recieve future updates and features.

react-p5-wrapper
TypeScript icon, indicating that this package has built-in type declarations

4.1.2 • Public • Published

@P5-wrapper/react

@P5-wrapper/react

A component to integrate P5.js sketches into React apps.

Demo & Examples

Live demo

A live demo can be viewed at P5-wrapper.github.io/react.

Examples

The repository contains further examples.

To try them out for yourself fork the repository, be sure you have PNPM installed and then run the following:

git clone git@github.com:<your username>/react.git
cd react
pnpm install
pnpm start

Then just open http://localhost:3001 in a browser.

Installation

NPM

  npm install react-p5-wrapper

PNPM

  pnpm add react-p5-wrapper

Yarn

  yarn add react-p5-wrapper

Usage

Javascript

import React from "react";
import { ReactP5Wrapper } from "react-p5-wrapper";

function sketch(p5) {
  p5.setup = () => p5.createCanvas(600, 400, p5.WEBGL);

  p5.draw = () => {
    p5.background(250);
    p5.normalMaterial();
    p5.push();
    p5.rotateZ(p5.frameCount * 0.01);
    p5.rotateX(p5.frameCount * 0.01);
    p5.rotateY(p5.frameCount * 0.01);
    p5.plane(100);
    p5.pop();
  };
}

export function App() {
  return <ReactP5Wrapper sketch={sketch} />;
}

TypeScript

TypeScript sketches can be declared in two different ways, below you will find two ways to declare a sketch, both examples do the exact same thing.

In short though, the ReactP5Wrapper component requires you to pass a sketch prop. The sketch prop is simply a function which takes a p5 instance as it's first and only argument.

Option 1: Declaring a sketch using the P5CanvasInstance type

import React from "react";
import { P5CanvasInstance, ReactP5Wrapper } from "react-p5-wrapper";

function sketch(p5: P5CanvasInstance) {
  p5.setup = () => p5.createCanvas(600, 400, p5.WEBGL);

  p5.draw = () => {
    p5.background(250);
    p5.normalMaterial();
    p5.push();
    p5.rotateZ(p5.frameCount * 0.01);
    p5.rotateX(p5.frameCount * 0.01);
    p5.rotateY(p5.frameCount * 0.01);
    p5.plane(100);
    p5.pop();
  };
}

export function App() {
  return <ReactP5Wrapper sketch={sketch} />;
}

Option 2: Declaring a sketch using the Sketch type

Using the Sketch type has one nice benefit over using P5CanvasInstance and that is that the p5 argument passed to the sketch function is auto-typed as a P5CanvasInstance for you.

Side note:

In general, it comes down to personal preference as to how you declare your sketches and there is nothing wrong with using the P5CanvasInstance manually in a regular function declaration.

import React from "react";
import { ReactP5Wrapper, Sketch } from "react-p5-wrapper";

const sketch: Sketch = p5 => {
  p5.setup = () => p5.createCanvas(600, 400, p5.WEBGL);

  p5.draw = () => {
    p5.background(250);
    p5.normalMaterial();
    p5.push();
    p5.rotateZ(p5.frameCount * 0.01);
    p5.rotateX(p5.frameCount * 0.01);
    p5.rotateY(p5.frameCount * 0.01);
    p5.plane(100);
    p5.pop();
  };
};

export function App() {
  return <ReactP5Wrapper sketch={sketch} />;
}

TypeScript Generics

We also support the use of Generics to add type definitions for your props. If used, the props will be properly typed when the props are passed to the updateWithProps method.

To utilise generics you can use one of two methods. In both of the examples below, we create a custom internal type called MySketchProps which is a union type of SketchProps and a custom type which has a rotation key applied to it.

Side note:

We could also write the MySketchProps type as an interface to do exactly the same thing if that is to your personal preference:

interface MySketchProps extends SketchProps {
  rotation: number;
}

This means, in these examples, that when the rotation prop that is provided as part of the props passed to the updateWithProps function, it will be correctly typed as a number.

Usage with the P5CanvasInstance type
import React, { useEffect, useState } from "react";
import {
  P5CanvasInstance,
  ReactP5Wrapper,
  SketchProps
} from "react-p5-wrapper";

type MySketchProps = SketchProps & {
  rotation: number;
};

function sketch(p5: P5CanvasInstance<MySketchProps>) {
  let rotation = 0;

  p5.setup = () => p5.createCanvas(600, 400, p5.WEBGL);

  p5.updateWithProps = props => {
    if (props.rotation) {
      rotation = (props.rotation * Math.PI) / 180;
    }
  };

  p5.draw = () => {
    p5.background(100);
    p5.normalMaterial();
    p5.noStroke();
    p5.push();
    p5.rotateY(rotation);
    p5.box(100);
    p5.pop();
  };
}

export function App() {
  const [rotation, setRotation] = useState(0);

  useEffect(() => {
    const interval = setInterval(
      () => setRotation(rotation => rotation + 100),
      100
    );

    return () => {
      clearInterval(interval);
    };
  }, []);

  return <ReactP5Wrapper sketch={sketch} rotation={rotation} />;
}
Usage with the Sketch type
import React, { useEffect, useState } from "react";
import { ReactP5Wrapper, Sketch, SketchProps } from "react-p5-wrapper";

type MySketchProps = SketchProps & {
  rotation: number;
};

const sketch: Sketch<MySketchProps> = p5 => {
  let rotation = 0;

  p5.setup = () => p5.createCanvas(600, 400, p5.WEBGL);

  p5.updateWithProps = props => {
    if (props.rotation) {
      rotation = (props.rotation * Math.PI) / 180;
    }
  };

  p5.draw = () => {
    p5.background(100);
    p5.normalMaterial();
    p5.noStroke();
    p5.push();
    p5.rotateY(rotation);
    p5.box(100);
    p5.pop();
  };
};

export function App() {
  const [rotation, setRotation] = useState(0);

  useEffect(() => {
    const interval = setInterval(
      () => setRotation(rotation => rotation + 100),
      100
    );

    return () => {
      clearInterval(interval);
    };
  }, []);

  return <ReactP5Wrapper sketch={sketch} rotation={rotation} />;
}

Using abstracted setup and draw functions

import React from "react";
import { ReactP5Wrapper } from "react-p5-wrapper";

function setup(p5) {
  return () => {
    p5.createCanvas(600, 400, p5.WEBGL);
  };
}

function draw(p5) {
  return () => {
    p5.background(250);
    p5.normalMaterial();
    p5.push();
    p5.rotateZ(p5.frameCount * 0.01);
    p5.rotateX(p5.frameCount * 0.01);
    p5.rotateY(p5.frameCount * 0.01);
    p5.plane(100);
    p5.pop();
  };
}

function sketch(p5) {
  p5.setup = setup(p5);
  p5.draw = draw(p5);
}

export function App() {
  return <ReactP5Wrapper sketch={sketch} />;
}

Props

The only required property of the ReactP5Wrapper component is the sketch prop. The sketch prop is a function that will be passed a p5 instance to use for rendering your sketches as shown in the usage section above.

You can pass as many custom props as you want to the ReactP5Wrapper component and these will all be passed into the updateWithProps method if you have defined it within your sketch.

Reacting to props

In the below example you see the updateWithProps method being used. This is called when the component initially renders and when the props passed to the wrapper are changed, if it is set within your sketch. This way we can render our ReactP5Wrapper component and react to component prop changes directly within our sketches!

import React, { useEffect, useState } from "react";
import { ReactP5Wrapper } from "react-p5-wrapper";

function sketch(p5) {
  let rotation = 0;

  p5.setup = () => p5.createCanvas(600, 400, p5.WEBGL);

  p5.updateWithProps = props => {
    if (props.rotation) {
      rotation = (props.rotation * Math.PI) / 180;
    }
  };

  p5.draw = () => {
    p5.background(100);
    p5.normalMaterial();
    p5.noStroke();
    p5.push();
    p5.rotateY(rotation);
    p5.box(100);
    p5.pop();
  };
}

export function App() {
  const [rotation, setRotation] = useState(0);

  useEffect(() => {
    const interval = setInterval(
      () => setRotation(rotation => rotation + 100),
      100
    );

    return () => {
      clearInterval(interval);
    };
  }, []);

  return <ReactP5Wrapper sketch={sketch} rotation={rotation} />;
}

Children

To render a component on top of the sketch, you can add it as a child of the ReactP5Wrapper component and then use the exported P5WrapperClassName constant in your css-in-js library of choice to style one element above the other via css.

For instance, using styled components, we could center some text on top of our sketch like so:

import { P5WrapperClassName, ReactP5Wrapper } from "react-p5-wrapper";
import styled, { createGlobalStyle } from "styled-components";

const GlobalWrapperStyles = createGlobalStyle`
  .${P5WrapperClassName} {
    position: relative;
  }
`;

const StyledCentredText = styled.span`
  .${P5WrapperClassName} & {
    position: absolute;
    top: 50%;
    left: 50%;
    transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
    color: white;
    font-size: 2rem;
    margin: 0;
    text-align: center;
  }
`;

export function App() {
  const [rotation, setRotation] = useState(0);

  useEffect(() => {
    const interval = setInterval(
      () => setRotation(rotation => rotation + 100),
      100
    );

    return () => {
      clearInterval(interval);
    };
  }, []);

  return (
    <Fragment>
      <GlobalWrapperStyles />
      <ReactP5Wrapper sketch={sketch} rotation={rotation}>
        <StyledCentredText>Hello world!</StyledCentredText>
      </ReactP5Wrapper>
    </Fragment>
  );
}

Of course, you can also use any other css-in-js library or by just using simple css to achieve almost anything you can imagine just by using the wrapper class as your root selector.

P5 plugins and constructors

As discussed in multiple issues such as #11, #23, #61 and #62, there seems to be confusion as to how we can use P5 plugins and constructors out of the box. This section aims to clarify these!

Plugins

Since P5 is being used in P5 instance mode as part of this project, P5 will not automatically load global plugins like it usually might in global mode.

Let's say we want to use the P5 sound plugin in our component, we could do the following:

import * as p5 from "p5";
import React, { useEffect, useState } from "react";
import { ReactP5Wrapper, Sketch } from "react-p5-wrapper";

(window as any).p5 = p5;

await import("p5/lib/addons/p5.sound");

const sketch: Sketch = p5 => {
  let song: p5.SoundFile;
  let button: p5.Element;

  p5.setup = () => {
    p5.createCanvas(600, 400, p5.WEBGL);
    p5.background(255, 0, 0);
    button = p5.createButton("Toggle audio");

    button.mousePressed(() => {
      if (!song) {
        const songPath = "/piano.mp3";
        song = p5.loadSound(
          songPath,
          () => {
            song.play();
          },
          () => {
            console.error(
              `Could not load the requested sound file ${songPath}`
            );
          }
        );
        return;
      }

      if (!song.isPlaying()) {
        song.play();
        return;
      }

      song.pause();
    });
  };

  p5.draw = () => {
    p5.background(250);
    p5.normalMaterial();
    p5.push();
    p5.rotateZ(p5.frameCount * 0.01);
    p5.rotateX(p5.frameCount * 0.01);
    p5.rotateY(p5.frameCount * 0.01);
    p5.plane(100);
    p5.pop();
  };
};

export default function App() {
  return <ReactP5Wrapper sketch={sketch} />;
}

In this Typescript + React example, we can see a few key things.

  • Firstly we need to set p5 on the window object manually. This is because p5.sound requires that it be executed client side only AND that p5 be available BEFORE it is imported into the global (window) scope.
  • Secondly, we ensure that audio is played after a user action, in our case this happens on a button click. This is because in some browsers, without waiting for a user interaction before playing audio, the audio will be blocked by the browser from playing at all.
  • Thirdly and relevant especially to Safari users, Safari blocks audio from all tabs by default, you will need to manually change this setting in your Safari settings. This could affect other browsers but sadly this is a browser decision and until P5 Sound is updated to support newer audio APIs and browser requirements. This could happen at anytime in other places and is a P5 Sound issue most generally because it does not ask for permissions by default, even though browsers have been requiring it for some time.

Note: The above example requires support for top level await, dynamic import statements and the stream API to be supported in your browser. Furthermore, the stream API built into the browser requires that HTTPS is used to ensure secure data transmission.

Constructors

To access P5 constructors such as p5.Vector or p5.Envelope, you need to use the instance mode syntax instead. For example:

Constructor Global mode accessor Instance mode accessor
Vector p5.Vector p5.constructor.Vector
Envelope p5.Envelope p5.constructor.Envelope

So now that we know this, let's imagine we want a random 2D Vector instance. In our sketch function we would simply call p5.constructor.Vector.random2D() instead of p5.Vector.random2D(). This is because of how the P5 instance mode was implemented by the P5 team. While I am not sure why they decided to change the API for instance mode specifically, it is still quite simple to use the constructs we are used to without much extra work involved.

Development

NOTE: The source code for the component is in the src directory.

To build, watch and serve the examples which will also watch the component source, run:

  pnpm start

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Install

npm i react-p5-wrapper

Weekly Downloads

963

Version

4.1.2

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

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Total Files

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Last publish

Collaborators

  • jamesrweb