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react-native-video

2.3.1 • Public • Published

react-native-video

A <Video> component for react-native, as seen in react-native-login!

Requires react-native >= 0.40.0, for RN support of 0.19.0 - 0.39.0 please use a pre 1.0 version.

TOC

Installation

Using npm:

npm install --save react-native-video

or using yarn:

yarn add react-native-video
iOS

Run react-native link to link the react-native-video library.

If you would like to allow other apps to play music over your video component, add:

AppDelegate.m

#import <AVFoundation/AVFoundation.h>  // import 
 
- (BOOL)application:(UIApplication *)application didFinishLaunchingWithOptions:(NSDictionary *)launchOptions
{
  ...
  [[AVAudioSession sharedInstance] setCategory:AVAudioSessionCategoryAmbient error:nil];  // allow 
  ...
}

Note: you can also use the ignoreSilentSwitch prop, shown below.

tvOS

Run react-native link to link the react-native-video library.

react-native link don’t works properly with the tvOS target so we need to add the library manually.

First select your project in Xcode.

After that, select the tvOS target of your application and select « General » tab

Scroll to « Linked Frameworks and Libraries » and tap on the + button

Select RCTVideo-tvOS

Android

Run react-native link to link the react-native-video library.

Or if you have trouble, make the following additions to the given files manually:

android/settings.gradle

The newer ExoPlayer library will work for most people.

include ':react-native-video'
project(':react-native-video').projectDir = new File(rootProject.projectDir, '../node_modules/react-native-video/android-exoplayer')

If you need to use the old Android MediaPlayer based player, use the following instead:

include ':react-native-video'
project(':react-native-video').projectDir = new File(rootProject.projectDir, '../node_modules/react-native-video/android')

android/app/build.gradle

dependencies {
   ...
   compile project(':react-native-video')
}

MainApplication.java

On top, where imports are:

import com.brentvatne.react.ReactVideoPackage;

Add the ReactVideoPackage class to your list of exported packages.

@Override
protected List<ReactPackage> getPackages() {
    return Arrays.asList(
            new MainReactPackage(),
            new ReactVideoPackage()
    );
}
Windows

Make the following additions to the given files manually:

windows/myapp.sln

Add the ReactNativeVideo project to your solution.

  1. Open the solution in Visual Studio 2015
  2. Right-click Solution icon in Solution Explorer > Add > Existing Project
  • UWP: Select node_modules\react-native-video\windows\ReactNativeVideo\ReactNativeVideo.csproj
  • WPF: Select node_modules\react-native-video\windows\ReactNativeVideo.Net46\ReactNativeVideo.Net46.csproj

windows/myapp/myapp.csproj

Add a reference to ReactNativeVideo to your main application project. From Visual Studio 2015:

  1. Right-click main application project > Add > Reference...
  • UWP: Check ReactNativeVideo from Solution Projects.
  • WPF: Check ReactNativeVideo.Net46 from Solution Projects.

MainPage.cs

Add the ReactVideoPackage class to your list of exported packages.

using ReactNative;
using ReactNative.Modules.Core;
using ReactNative.Shell;
using ReactNativeVideo; // <-- Add this
using System.Collections.Generic;
...
 
        public override List<IReactPackage> Packages
        {
            get
            {
                return new List<IReactPackage>
                {
                    new MainReactPackage(),
                    new ReactVideoPackage(), // <-- Add this
                };
            }
        }
 
...

Usage

// Within your render function, assuming you have a file called
// "background.mp4" in your project. You can include multiple videos
// on a single screen if you like.
 
<Video source={{uri: "background"}}   // Can be a URL or a local file.
       ref={(ref) => {
         this.player = ref
       }}                                      // Store reference
       onBuffer={this.onBuffer}                // Callback when remote video is buffering
       onEnd={this.onEnd}                      // Callback when playback finishes
       onError={this.videoError}               // Callback when video cannot be loaded
       onFullscreenPlayerWillPresent={this.fullScreenPlayerWillPresent} // Callback before fullscreen starts
       onFullscreenPlayerDidPresent={this.fullScreenPlayerDidPresent}   // Callback after fullscreen started
       onFullscreenPlayerWillDismiss={this.fullScreenPlayerWillDismiss} // Callback before fullscreen stops
       onFullscreenPlayerDidDismiss={this.fullScreenPlayerDidDismiss}  // Callback after fullscreen stopped
       onProgress={this.setTime}               // Callback every ~250ms with currentTime
       onTimedMetadata={this.onTimedMetadata}  // Callback when the stream receive some metadata
       style={styles.backgroundVideo} />
 
// Later to trigger fullscreen
this.player.presentFullscreenPlayer()
 
// Disable fullscreen
this.player.dismissFullscreenPlayer()
 
// To set video position in seconds (seek)
this.player.seek(0)
 
// Later on in your styles..
var styles = StyleSheet.create({
  backgroundVideo: {
    position: 'absolute',
    top: 0,
    left: 0,
    bottom: 0,
    right: 0,
  },
});

Configurable props

Event props

Methods

Configurable props

allowsExternalPlayback

Indicates whether the player allows switching to external playback mode such as AirPlay or HDMI.

  • true (default) - allow switching to external playback mode
  • false - Don't allow switching to external playback mode

Platforms: iOS

audioOnly

Indicates whether the player should only play the audio track and instead of displaying the video track, show the poster instead.

  • false (default) - Display the video as normal
  • true - Show the poster and play the audio

For this to work, the poster prop must be set.

Platforms: all

ignoreSilentSwitch

Controls the iOS silent switch behavior

  • "inherit" (default) - Use the default AVPlayer behavior
  • "ignore" - Play audio even if the silent switch is set
  • "obey" - Don't play audio if the silent switch is set

Platforms: iOS

muted

Controls whether the audio is muted

  • false (default) - Don't mute audio
  • true - Mute audio

Platforms: all

paused

Controls whether the media is paused

  • false (default) - Pause the media
  • true - Don't pause the media

Platforms: all

playInBackground

Determine whether the media should continue playing while the app is in the background. This allows customers to continue listening to the audio.

  • false (default) - Don't continue playing the media
  • true - Continue playing the media

To use this feature on iOS, you must:

Platforms: Android ExoPlayer, Android MediaPlayer, iOS

playWhenInactive

Determine whether the media should continue playing when notifications or the Control Center are in front of the video.

  • false (default) - Don't continue playing the media
  • true - Continue playing the media

Platforms: iOS

poster

An image to display while the video is loading
Value: string with a URL for the poster, e.g. "https://baconmockup.com/300/200/"

Platforms: all

posterResizeMode

Determines how to resize the poster image when the frame doesn't match the raw video dimensions.

  • "contain" (default) - Scale the image uniformly (maintain the image's aspect ratio) so that both dimensions (width and height) of the image will be equal to or less than the corresponding dimension of the view (minus padding).
  • "center" - Center the image in the view along both dimensions. If the image is larger than the view, scale it down uniformly so that it is contained in the view.
  • "cover" - Scale the image uniformly (maintain the image's aspect ratio) so that both dimensions (width and height) of the image will be equal to or larger than the corresponding dimension of the view (minus padding).
  • "none" - Don't apply resize
  • "repeat" - Repeat the image to cover the frame of the view. The image will keep its size and aspect ratio. (iOS only)
  • "stretch" - Scale width and height independently, This may change the aspect ratio of the src.

Platforms: all

progressUpdateInterval

Delay in milliseconds between onProgress events in milliseconds.

Default: 250.0

Platforms: all

rate

Speed at which the media should play.

  • 0.0 - Pauses the video
  • 1.0 - Play at normal speed
  • Other values - Slow down or speed up playback

Platforms: all

Note: For Android MediaPlayer, rate is only supported on Android 6.0 and higher devices.

repeat

Determine whether to repeat the video when the end is reached

  • false (default) - Don't repeat the video
  • true - Repeat the video

Platforms: all

resizeMode

Determines how to resize the video when the frame doesn't match the raw video dimensions.

  • "none" (default) - Don't apply resize
  • "contain" - Scale the video uniformly (maintain the video's aspect ratio) so that both dimensions (width and height) of the video will be equal to or less than the corresponding dimension of the view (minus padding).
  • "cover" - Scale the video uniformly (maintain the video's aspect ratio) so that both dimensions (width and height) of the image will be equal to or larger than the corresponding dimension of the view (minus padding).
  • "stretch" - Scale width and height independently, This may change the aspect ratio of the src.

Platforms: Android ExoPlayer, Android MediaPlayer, iOS, Windows UWP

selectedTextTrack

Configure which text track (caption or subtitle), if any, is shown.

selectedTextTrack={{
  type: Type,
  value: Value
}}

Example:

selectedTextTrack={{
  type: "title",
  value: "English Subtitles"
}}
Type Value Description
"system" (default) N/A Display captions only if the system preference for captions is enabled
"disabled" N/A Don't display a text track
"title" string Display the text track with the title specified as the Value, e.g. "French 1"
"language" string Display the text track with the language specified as the Value, e.g. "fr"
"index" number Display the text track with the index specified as the value, e.g. 0

Both iOS & Android (only 4.4 and higher) offer Settings to enable Captions for hearing impaired people. If "system" is selected and the Captions Setting is enabled, iOS/Android will look for a caption that matches that customer's language and display it.

If a track matching the specified Type (and Value if appropriate) is unavailable, no text track will be displayed. If multiple tracks match the criteria, the first match will be used.

Platforms: Android ExoPlayer, iOS

stereoPan

Adjust the balance of the left and right audio channels. Any value between –1.0 and 1.0 is accepted.

  • -1.0 - Full left
  • 0.0 (default) - Center
  • 1.0 - Full right

Platforms: Android MediaPlayer

textTracks

Load one or more "sidecar" text tracks. This takes an array of objects representing each track. Each object should have the format:

Property Description
title Descriptive name for the track
language 2 letter ISO 639-1 code representing the language
type Mime type of the track
* TextTrackType.SRT - .srt SubRip Subtitle
* TextTrackType.TTML - .ttml TTML
* TextTrackType.VTT - .vtt WebVTT
uri URL for the text track. Currently, only tracks hosted on a webserver are supported

Example:

import { TextTrackType }, Video from 'react-native-video';

textTracks={[
  {
    title: "English CC",
    language: "en",
    type: "text/vtt", TextTrackType.VTT,
    uri: "https://bitdash-a.akamaihd.net/content/sintel/subtitles/subtitles_en.vtt"
  },
  {
    title: "Spanish Subtitles",
    language: "es",
    type: "application/x-subrip", TextTrackType.SRT,
    uri: "https://durian.blender.org/wp-content/content/subtitles/sintel_es.srt"
  }
]}

This isn't support on iOS because AVPlayer doesn't support it. Text tracks must be loaded as part of an HLS playlist.

Platforms: Android ExoPlayer

useTextureView

Output to a TextureView instead of the default SurfaceView. In general, you will want to use SurfaceView because it is more efficient and provides better performance. However, SurfaceViews has two limitations:

  • It can't be animated, transformed or scaled
  • You can't overlay multiple SurfaceViews

useTextureView can only be set at same time you're setting the source.

  • false (default) - Use a SurfaceView
  • true - Use a TextureView

Platforms: Android ExoPlayer

volume

Adjust the volume.

  • 1.0 (default) - Play at full volume
  • 0.0 - Mute the audio
  • Other values - Reduce volume

Platforms: all

Event props

onLoad

Callback function that is called when the media is loaded and ready to play.

Payload:

Property Type Description
currentPosition number Time in seconds where the media will start
duration number Length of the media in seconds
naturalSize object Properties:
* width - Width in pixels that the video was encoded at
* height - Height in pixels that the video was encoded at
* orientation - "portrait" or "landscape"
textTracks array An array of text track info objects with the following properties:
* index - Index number
* title - Description of the track
* language - 2 letter ISO 639-1 language code
* type - Mime type of track

Example:

{ 
  canPlaySlowForward: true,
  canPlayReverse: false,
  canPlaySlowReverse: false,
  canPlayFastForward: false,
  canStepForward: false,
  canStepBackward: false,
  currentTime: 0,
  duration: 5910.208984375,
  naturalSize: {
     height: 1080
     orientation: 'landscape'
     width: '1920'
  },
  textTracks: [
    { title: '#1 French', language: 'fr', index: 0, type: 'text/vtt' },
    { title: '#2 English CC', language: 'en', index: 1, type: 'text/vtt' },
    { title: '#3 English Director Commentary', language: 'en', index: 2, type: 'text/vtt' }
  ]
}

Platforms: all

onLoadStart

Callback function that is called when the media starts loading.

Payload:

Property Description
isNetwork Boolean indicating if the media is being loaded from the network
type Type of the media. Not available on Windows
uri URI for the media source. Not available on Windows

Example:

{
  isNetwork: true,
  type: '',
  uri: 'https://bitdash-a.akamaihd.net/content/sintel/hls/playlist.m3u8'
}

Platforms: all

Methods

Methods operate on a ref to the Video element. You can create a ref using code like:

return (
  <Video source={...}
    ref => (this.player = ref) />
);

seek()

seek(seconds)

Seek to the specified position represented by seconds. seconds is a float value.

seek() can only be called after the onLoad event has fired.

Example:

this.player.seek(200); // Seek to 3 minutes, 20 seconds

Platforms: all

Exact seek

By default iOS seeks within 100 milliseconds of the target position. If you need more accuracy, you can use the seek with tolerance method:

seek(seconds, tolerance)

tolerance is the max distance in milliseconds from the seconds position that's allowed. Using a more exact tolerance can cause seeks to take longer. If you want to seek exactly, set tolerance to 0.

Example:

this.player.seek(120, 50); // Seek to 2 minutes with +/- 50 milliseconds accuracy

Platforms: iOS

Additional props

To see the full list of available props, you can check the propTypes of the Video.js component.

  • By default, iOS 9+ will only load encrypted HTTPS urls. If you need to load content from a webserver that only supports HTTP, you will need to modify your Info.plist file and add the following entry:

For more detailed info check this article

Android Expansion File Usage

Within your render function, assuming you have a file called "background.mp4" in your expansion file. Just add your main and (if applicable) patch version

<Video
  source={{uri: "background", mainVer: 1, patchVer: 0}}
/>

This will look for an .mp4 file (background.mp4) in the given expansion version.

Load files with the RN Asset System

The asset system introduced in RN 0.14 allows loading image resources shared across iOS and Android without touching native code. As of RN 0.31 the same is true of mp4 video assets for Android. As of RN 0.33 iOS is also supported. Requires react-native-video@0.9.0.

<Video
  source={require('../assets/video/turntable.mp4')}
/>

Play in background on iOS

To enable audio to play in background on iOS the audio session needs to be set to AVAudioSessionCategoryPlayback. See Apple documentation for additional details. (NOTE: there is now a ticket to expose this as a prop )

Examples

  • See an Example integration in react-native-login note that this example uses an older version of this library, before we used export default -- if you use require you will need to do require('react-native-video').default as per instructions above.

  • Try the included VideoPlayer example yourself:

    git clone git@github.com:react-native-community/react-native-video.git
    cd react-native-video/example
    npm install
    open ios/VideoPlayer.xcodeproj
     

    Then Cmd+R to start the React Packager, build and run the project in the simulator.

  • Lumpen Radio contains another example integration using local files and full screen background video.

TODOS

  • Add support for captions
  • Add support for playing multiple videos in a sequence (will interfere with current repeat implementation)
  • Callback to get buffering progress for remote videos
  • Bring API closer to HTML5 <Video> reference

MIT Licensed

Keywords

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install

npm i react-native-video

Downloadsweekly downloads

6,227

version

2.3.1

license

MIT

repository

githubgithub

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