react-native-mmkv
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2.12.2 • Public • Published
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MMKV

The fastest key/value storage for React Native.


  • MMKV is an efficient, small mobile key-value storage framework developed by WeChat. See Tencent/MMKV for more information
  • react-native-mmkv is a library that allows you to easily use MMKV inside your React Native applications. It provides fast and direct bindings to the native C++ library which are accessible through a simple JS API.

Features

  • Get and set strings, booleans and numbers
  • Fully synchronous calls, no async/await, no Promises, no Bridge.
  • Encryption support (secure storage)
  • Multiple instances support (separate user-data with global data)
  • Customize storage location
  • High performance because everything is written in C++
  • ~30x faster than AsyncStorage
  • Uses JSI instead of the "old" Bridge
  • iOS, Android and Web support
  • Easy to use React Hooks API

Sponsors

react-native-mmkv is sponsored by getstream.io.
Try the React Native Chat tutorial 💬

Benchmark

StorageBenchmark compares popular storage libraries against each other by reading a value from storage for 1000 times:

MMKV vs other storage libraries: Reading a value from Storage 1000 times.
Measured in milliseconds on an iPhone 11 Pro, lower is better.

Installation

React Native

yarn add react-native-mmkv
cd ios && pod install

Expo

npx expo install react-native-mmkv
npx expo prebuild

Usage

Create a new instance

To create a new instance of the MMKV storage, use the MMKV constructor. It is recommended that you re-use this instance throughout your entire app instead of creating a new instance each time, so export the storage object.

Default

import { MMKV } from 'react-native-mmkv'

export const storage = new MMKV()

This creates a new storage instance using the default MMKV storage ID (mmkv.default).

App Groups

If you want to share MMKV data between your app and other apps or app extensions in the same group, open Info.plist and create an AppGroup key with your app group's value. MMKV will then automatically store data inside the app group which can be read and written to from other apps or app extensions in the same group by making use of MMKV's multi processing mode. See Configuring App Groups.

Customize

import { MMKV } from 'react-native-mmkv'

export const storage = new MMKV({
  id: `user-${userId}-storage`,
  path: `${USER_DIRECTORY}/storage`,
  encryptionKey: 'hunter2'
})

This creates a new storage instance using a custom MMKV storage ID. By using a custom storage ID, your storage is separated from the default MMKV storage of your app.

The following values can be configured:

  • id: The MMKV instance's ID. If you want to use multiple instances, use different IDs. For example, you can separate the global app's storage and a logged-in user's storage. (required if path or encryptionKey fields are specified, otherwise defaults to: 'mmkv.default')
  • path: The MMKV instance's root path. By default, MMKV stores file inside $(Documents)/mmkv/. You can customize MMKV's root directory on MMKV initialization (documentation: iOS / Android)
  • encryptionKey: The MMKV instance's encryption/decryption key. By default, MMKV stores all key-values in plain text on file, relying on iOS's/Android's sandbox to make sure the file is encrypted. Should you worry about information leaking, you can choose to encrypt MMKV. (documentation: iOS / Android)

Set

storage.set('user.name', 'Marc')
storage.set('user.age', 21)
storage.set('is-mmkv-fast-asf', true)

Get

const username = storage.getString('user.name') // 'Marc'
const age = storage.getNumber('user.age') // 21
const isMmkvFastAsf = storage.getBoolean('is-mmkv-fast-asf') // true

Keys

// checking if a specific key exists
const hasUsername = storage.contains('user.name')

// getting all keys
const keys = storage.getAllKeys() // ['user.name', 'user.age', 'is-mmkv-fast-asf']

// delete a specific key + value
storage.delete('user.name')

// delete all keys
storage.clearAll()

Objects

const user = {
  username: 'Marc',
  age: 21
}

// Serialize the object into a JSON string
storage.set('user', JSON.stringify(user))

// Deserialize the JSON string into an object
const jsonUser = storage.getString('user') // { 'username': 'Marc', 'age': 21 }
const userObject = JSON.parse(jsonUser)

Encryption

// encrypt all data with a private key
storage.recrypt('hunter2')

// remove encryption
storage.recrypt(undefined)

Buffers

storage.set('someToken', new Uint8Array([1, 100, 255]))
const buffer = storage.getBuffer('someToken')
console.log(buffer) // [1, 100, 255]

Testing with Jest

A mocked MMKV instance is automatically used when testing with Jest, so you will be able to use new MMKV() as per normal in your tests. Refer to example/test/MMKV.test.ts for an example.

Documentation

LocalStorage and In-Memory Storage (Web)

If a user chooses to disable LocalStorage in their browser, the library will automatically provide a limited in-memory storage as an alternative. However, this in-memory storage won't persist data, and users may experience data loss if they refresh the page or close their browser. To optimize user experience, consider implementing a suitable solution within your app to address this scenario.

Limitations

As the library uses JSI for synchronous native methods access, remote debugging (e.g. with Chrome) is no longer possible. Instead, you should use Flipper.

Flipper

Use flipper-plugin-react-native-mmkv to debug your MMKV storage using Flipper. You can also simply console.log an MMKV instance.

Reactotron

Use reactotron-react-native-mmkv to automatically log writes to your MMKV storage using Reactotron. See the docs for how to setup this plugin with Reactotron.

Community Discord

Join the Margelo Community Discord to chat about react-native-mmkv or other Margelo libraries.

Adopting at scale

react-native-mmkv is provided as is, I work on it in my free time.

If you're integrating react-native-mmkv in a production app, consider funding this project and contact me to receive premium enterprise support, help with issues, prioritize bugfixes, request features, help at integrating react-native-mmkv, and more.

Contributing

See the contributing guide to learn how to contribute to the repository and the development workflow.

License

MIT

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Install

npm i react-native-mmkv

Weekly Downloads

134,949

Version

2.12.2

License

(MIT AND BSD-3-Clause)

Unpacked Size

3.24 MB

Total Files

155

Last publish

Collaborators

  • mrousavy