react-native-less-transformer

1.5.1 • Public • Published

react-native-less-transformer NPM version Downloads per month contributions welcome

Use Less to style your React Native apps.

Behind the scenes the .less files are transformed to react native style objects (look at the examples).

This transformer can be used together with React Native CSS modules.

How does it work?

Your App.less file might look like this:

@nice-blue: #5b83ad;
@light-blue: @nice-blue + #111;

.myClass {
  color: @light-blue;
}
.myOtherClass {
  color: red;
}
.my-dashed-class {
  color: green;
}

When you import your stylesheet:

import styles from "./App.less";

Your imported styles will look like this:

var styles = {
  myClass: {
    color: "#6c94be"
  },
  myOtherClass: {
    color: "red"
  },
  "my-dashed-class": {
    color: "green"
  }
};

You can then use that style object with an element:

Plain React Native:

<MyElement style={styles.myClass} />

<MyElement style={styles["my-dashed-class"]} />

React Native CSS modules using className property:

<MyElement className={styles.myClass} />

<MyElement className={styles["my-dashed-class"]} />

React Native CSS modules using styleName property:

<MyElement styleName="myClass my-dashed-class" />

Installation and configuration

Minimum React Native version for this transformer is 0.52. If you are using an older version, please update to a newer React Native version before trying to use this transformer.

Step 1: Install

yarn add --dev react-native-less-transformer less

Step 2: Configure the react native packager

For React Native v0.57 or newer / Expo SDK v31.0.0 or newer

Add this to metro.config.js in your project's root (create the file if it does not exist already):

const { getDefaultConfig } = require("metro-config");

module.exports = (async () => {
  const {
    resolver: { sourceExts }
  } = await getDefaultConfig();
  return {
    transformer: {
      babelTransformerPath: require.resolve("react-native-less-transformer")
    },
    resolver: {
      sourceExts: [...sourceExts, "less"]
    }
  };
})();

If you are using Expo, you also need to add this to app.json:

{
  "expo": {
    "packagerOpts": {
      "config": "metro.config.js",
      "sourceExts": ["js", "jsx", "less"]
    }
  }
}

For React Native v0.56 or older

If you are using React Native without Expo, add this to rn-cli.config.js in your project's root (create the file if you don't have one already):

module.exports = {
  getTransformModulePath() {
    return require.resolve("react-native-less-transformer");
  },
  getSourceExts() {
    return ["js", "jsx", "less"];
  }
};

For Expo SDK v30.0.0 or older

If you are using Expo, instead of adding the rn-cli.config.js file, you need to add this to app.json:

{
  "expo": {
    "packagerOpts": {
      "sourceExts": ["js", "jsx", "less"],
      "transformer": "node_modules/react-native-less-transformer/index.js"
    }
  }
}

LESS options

If you need to pass options (e.g. plugins) to less, you can do so by creating a transformer.js file and doing the following:

// For React Native version 0.73 or later
var upstreamTransformer = require("@react-native/metro-babel-transformer");

// For React Native version 0.59 or later
// var upstreamTransformer = require("metro-react-native-babel-transformer");

// For React Native version 0.56-0.58
// var upstreamTransformer = require("metro/src/reactNativeTransformer");

// For React Native version 0.52-0.55
// var upstreamTransformer = require("metro/src/transformer");

// For React Native version 0.47-0.51
// var upstreamTransformer = require("metro-bundler/src/transformer");

// For React Native version 0.46
// var upstreamTransformer = require("metro-bundler/build/transformer");

var lessTransformer = require("react-native-less-transformer");

module.exports.transform = function ({ src, filename, options }) {
  if (filename.endsWith(".less")) {
    var opts = Object.assign(options, {
      lessOptions: {
        plugins: [require("less-plugin-glob")]
      }
    });
    return lessTransformer.transform({ src, filename, options: opts });
  } else {
    return upstreamTransformer.transform({ src, filename, options });
  }
};

After that in metro.config.js point the babelTransformerPath to that file:

const { getDefaultConfig } = require("metro-config");

module.exports = (async () => {
  const {
    resolver: { sourceExts }
  } = await getDefaultConfig();
  return {
    transformer: {
      babelTransformerPath: require.resolve("./transformer.js")
    },
    resolver: {
      sourceExts: [...sourceExts, "less"]
    }
  };
})();

CSS Custom Properties (CSS variables)

You need version 1.2.1 or newer

:root {
  --text-color: blue;
}

.blue {
  color: var(--text-color);
}

CSS variables are not supported by default, but you can add support for them by using PostCSS and postcss-css-variables plugin.

Start by installing dependencies:

yarn add postcss postcss-css-variables react-native-postcss-transformer --dev

Add postcss-css-variables to your PostCSS configuration with one of the supported config formats, e.g. package.json, .postcssrc, postcss.config.js, etc.

After that create a transformer.js file and do the following:

// For React Native version 0.73 or later
var upstreamTransformer = require("@react-native/metro-babel-transformer");

// For React Native version 0.59 or later
// var upstreamTransformer = require("metro-react-native-babel-transformer");

// For React Native version 0.56-0.58
// var upstreamTransformer = require("metro/src/reactNativeTransformer");

// For React Native version 0.52-0.55
// var upstreamTransformer = require("metro/src/transformer");

// For React Native version 0.47-0.51
// var upstreamTransformer = require("metro-bundler/src/transformer");

// For React Native version 0.46
// var upstreamTransformer = require("metro-bundler/build/transformer");

var lessTransformer = require("react-native-less-transformer");
var postCSSTransformer = require("react-native-postcss-transformer");

module.exports.transform = function ({ src, filename, options }) {
  if (filename.endsWith(".less")) {
    return lessTransformer
      .renderToCSS({ src, filename, options })
      .then((css) =>
        postCSSTransformer.transform({ src: css, filename, options })
      );
  } else {
    return upstreamTransformer.transform({ src, filename, options });
  }
};

After that in metro.config.js point the babelTransformerPath to that file:

const { getDefaultConfig } = require("metro-config");

module.exports = (async () => {
  const {
    resolver: { sourceExts }
  } = await getDefaultConfig();
  return {
    transformer: {
      babelTransformerPath: require.resolve("./transformer.js")
    },
    resolver: {
      sourceExts: [...sourceExts, "less"]
    }
  };
})();

Dependencies

This library has the following Node.js modules as dependencies:

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Install

npm i react-native-less-transformer

Weekly Downloads

163

Version

1.5.1

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

14.5 kB

Total Files

6

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Collaborators

  • kristerkari