Nourishing Pizza Microservice

    react-native-async-image-store
    TypeScript icon, indicating that this package has built-in type declarations

    0.13.0-alpha.2 • Public • Published

    The async image store for react native

    Canonical Use Case, the Wiki app: The canonical use case is an app with lots of dynamic content which must be displayed offline, including images. You would have a launch sync step where you fetch relevant contents for the user. Of course, you could base64-encode those images, but that would cost a 30% data-space and eventually bandwidth growth.

    Motivations: There is already a lot of great libraries for caching images in React Native. But I couldn't find one which allowed me to fully control my image assets and their persistence, guaranteeing an offline access when required.

    Pros:

    • you can now consider your images as dynamic assets which presence is deterministic;
    • however, if you just need a cache, you can configure this library to behave as such;
    • you have full control on the cache strategy, and can manually add, remove and revalidate images;
    • cache validation is fully compatible with Cache-Control, Expires, Last-Modified, and ETag HTTP headers for an optimal bandwidth consumption, see this section for a deep dive.
    • the library is fully modular: you must inject your FileSystem and DownloadManager dependencies to fit with your choice of I/O libraries.

    Cons:

    • If you don't need this level of control over the cache, but are only concerned about performance gains, I would recommend react-native-fast-image instead.

    Installation

    Use case 1: lazy preload images as they are mounted

    The maximum duration these images stay in cache depends on store parameters, and cache headers in image responses. See this section for a deep dive.

    First step, create the store and give it a name

    // ImageStore.js
    import { createStore } from 'react-native-async-image-store'
     
    // store configuration
    const config = {
        // Automatically remove stale, expired images during lifecycle methods.
        // Cleansing is done on mount and unmount.
        autoRemoveStaleImages: true,
        // By default, this library will follow "Cache-Control: max-age" HTTP header
        // directives to evaluate the freshness of images. You can force a value in
        // seconds, and use Infinity to denote an immutable store (images are always
        // fresh).
        overrideMaxAge: Infinity,
        // A sensible default for debug logging is to use react native __DEV__ global.
        debug: __DEV__
    }
     
    // You can create as many stores as you wish, identified by name
    // Parameter object is optional
    export const ImageStore = createStore('myStore', config)

    Check all parameters fields in typescript definitions.

    Secondly, mount the store along with your root component

    // Root.js
    import { ActivityIndicator } from 'react-native'
    import { App } from './App'
    import { ImageStore } from './ImageStore'
     
    export class Root extends React.PureComponent {
        // ...
        constructor(props) {
            super(props)
            this.state = {
                loading: true
            }
        }
     
        async componentDidMount() {
            // Store mounting is asynchronous because it involves
            // restoring cache info
            await ImageStore.mount()
            this.setState({
                loading: false
            })
        }
     
        async componentWillUnmount() {
            await ImageStore.unmount()
        }
     
        render() {
            return this.state.loading ? <ActivityIndicator /> : <App />
        }
    }
     

    Finally, use an OfflineImage component

    import { OfflineImage } from 'react-native-async-image-store'
    // This component must be in the parent hierarchy of Root
    export const MyImage = (props) => <OfflineImage storeName="myStore" {...props} />

    Check all props supported by OfflineImage component in typescript definitions.

    Use case 2: Gain control on image preloading for offline usage

    Typically usefull in a wiki/news application with offline mode

    Similar to scenario 1, but you can programatically preload images in a deterministic way with ImageStore.preloadImages method. That way, we can guarantee the end-user will have access to these images when he goes offline.

    For exemple, your Root component will be extended as such:

     
    class Root extends React.PureComponent {
     async componentDidMount() {
            // Store mounting is asynchronous because it involves
            // restoring cache info
            await ImageStore.mount()
            const imagesToPreload = await DataSource.getImages()
            // preloadImages will also revalidate any stale image
            await ImageStore.preloadImages(imagesToPreload)
            this.setState({
                loading: false
            })
        }
    }
     

    Constructor params

    defaultMaxAge and overrideMaxAge parameters

    max-age is a Cache-Control directive defining the default duration for which images will be fresh (contrary to stale).

    • defaultMaxAge will be the default freshness duration when no Cache-control: max-age directive or Expires header has been given in the image response.
    • overrideMaxAge will override any freshness duration specified in a Cache-control: max-age directive or Expires header.
    • You can use Infinity to enforce a never-expire policy

    Cache policy derived from HTTP response headers

    The Store will try to behave as a HTTP cache, deriving its caching policy from both HTTP headers in the image response and user-provided parameters.

    But contrary to a browser cache:

    • when offline, any stored image will be served to components, even if it's stale and must-revalidate directive should be enforced. This is equivalent to request cache with Cache-Control: stale-if-error directive.
    • library user can add, revalidate, redownload or remove an image programatically
    • library user can revalidate all stale images from the store
    • library user can remove all stale images from the store

    Cache-Control

    Because no-store directive defies the purpose of this library, it will be ignored.

    For the same reason, must-revalidate directive is interpreted loosly by the Store. When revalidation cannot be operated because the network or origin server is unavailable, the Store will interpret requests for resources as if only-if-cached directive was given by the client, i.e. the react component, serving the stale resource in the meanwhile and ignoring must-revalidate injunction.

    Followed directives

    • max-age=<seconds>: Specifies the maximum amount of time a resource will be considered fresh. Contrary to Expires, this directive is relative to the time of the request;

    Interaction with store parameters

    • If overrideMaxAge parameter is provided, headers will be ignored and the Store will behave following max-age=<overrideMaxAge>;
    • If no Cache-Control while Expires header was provided, the Store will behave equivalently to Cache-Control: must-revalidate, max-age=<inferredMaxAge>;
    • If no Cache-Control and no Expires headers were provided in response, the Store will behave following max-age=<defaultMaxAge>.

    Expires

    Expires will be used to determine resource freshness when Cache-Control: max-age=<...> directive is missing.

    ETag and Last-Modified

    When Etag or Last-Modified are present in an image response, there value will be used to revalidate stale resources. By providing If-None-Match and If-Modified-Since headers when requesting origin server, the Store will receive 304 Unmodified status when images haven't changed, sparing valuable bandwidth to the end users of your product.

    If both headers are present, ETag will prevail.

    Inspiration

    Got inspiration from both react-native-fast-image and react-native-image-offline.

    Install

    npm i react-native-async-image-store

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    1

    Version

    0.13.0-alpha.2

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    83.8 kB

    Total Files

    25

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • jsamr