0.11.1 • Public • Published

    The React Native Animated Sprite

    react-native-animated-sprite (RNAS) package is a feature rich declarative component for animation, tweening, and dragging sprites. Animation is achieved using frame-by-frame animation, tweening uses the React Native Animated class, and dragging uses React Native PanResponder.

    RNAS is ideal for use in general applications or games. Development has been driven by Curious Learning's work in cognitive assessment and literacy.


    $ npm install --save react-native-animated-sprite


    There are three key features to RNAS: AnimatedSprite, sprites, and tweens. Together these three features provide the full capabilities of RNAS.


    AnimatedSprite is the primary component interface which would be included in a React Native application.


    Sprites are objects that are required by AnimatedSprite. A sprite object contains references to the images used for frame-by-frame animation and other related information. See "example/sprites/monster/monsterSprite.js"


    Tweens ("src/Tweens/Tweens.js") operate on AnimatedSprites to enable tweening.

    Example Use

    Example Projects

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    Example Declaration

    This is the declaration used for the example application included in this projects Github repo, and demonstrated in the GIF above.

        top: 100,
        left: 100,
        width: monsterSprite.size.width * 1.65,
        height: monsterSprite.size.height * 1.65,
      tweenOptions = {this.state.tweenOptions}
      onPress={() => {this.onPress();}}

    The above example would create an "AnimatedSprite" with the "monsterSprite." The animation loops and is set to an animation type of the sprite. The coordinates place the start location of the AnimatedSprite, while size declares the size. Draggable set to true (draggable={true}) means that the AnimatedSprite can be dragged. The tween options are set to a tween object, and the tween can be started 'fromCode', i.e. programmatically. There is also an "onPress" handler declared that is used to switch animation type. See the code for full details.

    Component Properties (need to finish)

    Name Required Type Description Default Value
    sprite true object An object that describes the underlying sprite asset. See Sprite fields below.
    coordinates true object The top/left coordinates of the AnimatedSprite. none
    size true object The width/height size of the sprite assets. none
    animationFrameIndex true array The indices of the current animation. none
    rotate false array Rotation information for sprite. [{rotateY: '0deg'}]
    opacity false number Opacity of sprite. 1
    spriteUID false string Unique string used for ID purposes. randome string of length 7
    draggable false bool Set draggable state of sprite. false
    onPress false func Function handle for press (touch) event. none
    onPressIn false func Function handle for pressIn event. none
    onPressOut false func Function handle for pressOut event. none
    loopAnimation false bool Indicates if animation should loop none
    timeSinceMounted false func Indicates time since component was mounted none
    currentLocation false func Function to retrieve current coordinates. none
    tweenStart false string Indicates how tween should start, one of ['fromMethod', 'fromPress', 'fromMount'] none
    tweenOptions false object Describes tween options. See Tweens
    stopAutoTweenOnPressIn false bool Indicates if tween started at component mount should stop on press event. none
    onTweenStopped false func Function handle called when tween stopped by press event. none
    onTweenFinish false func Function handle called when tween completes full tween. none
    onAnimationFinish false func Function handle called when animation comes to end. none
    visible false bool Indicates if sprite is visible. true
    fps false number Indicates the number of frames per second. 10

    Use of Refs to Access AnimatedSprite Methods

    While "refs" should be avoided in most cases they can be useful. As Facebook states, "there are a few cases where you need to imperatively modify a child outside of the typical dataflow." One of those cases is triggering imperative animations.

    There are several methods of AnimatedSprite that you will want to access via refs. The are:

    • startTween: Allows for programatic starting a tween.
    • getCoordinates: Gets the current position ([top, left]) coordinates for an AnimatedSprite.

    The following is an example of usage. Suppose you had the following AnimatedSprite component:


    Then in your declaring application you would be able to access the AnimatedSprite references as follows (See example app):

    // or
    const coords = this.refs.monsterRef.getCoordinates();

    Sprites & Tweens Overview

    Sprites and tweens are key aspects of the AnimatedSprite component. The following gives an overview of each.

    Sprites Overview

    A sprite is an object that contain with the following shape:

      name: <string>,
      size: <object>,
      animationTypes: <array>,
      frames: <array>,
      animationIndex: <function>,

    See example app for working example.

    Sprite Fields

    • name: A string representing the name of the sprite
    • size: An object containing the width and height of the individual image frames, e.g. {width: 220, height: 220}. Note that all image frames should be the same size.
    • animationTypes: An array of animation types for the sprite, e.g. ['WALK', 'JUMP'] would indicate that the sprite has a walk and jump animation.
    • frames: An array of image require statements. React Native loads images through require.
    • animationIndex: Is a function that should return the array indices from "frames" for a given animation type defined in "animationTypes".

    Tweens Overview

    Tweens.js contains many tween objects that can be used by AnimatedSprite for creating tweening effects. Tweens.js defines "high" level tweens, such as "zoomIntoExistence" and "wiggle," which can be used by AnimatedSprite. AnimatedSprite can take "tweenOptions," which define the tween. For example:

      tweenType: 'sine-wave',
      startXY: [coords.left,],
      xTo: [sample(location), sample(location)],
      yTo: [sample(location), sample(location)],
      duration: 1000,
      loop: false,

    Defines a tween of type "sine-wave" that starts at "startXY" and has "x, y" coordinates that change over time. "xTo" and "yTo" are arrays that indicate where a AnimatedSprite coordinate will tween too. Duration indicates the total duration of the tween, and loop indicates if the tween will loop (true) or be only happen once (false).

    Notes on Usage

    Mobile operating systems such as Android and iOS have significantly less application memory then other systems. As a result performance can be effected by the size and number of images used by an application using AnimatedSprite.

    For performance reasons changes in AnimatedSprite dimensions must maintain the aspect ratio of the underlying image media.


    npm i react-native-animated-sprite

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