rabbitbroker

A broker abstraction for RabbitMQ

rabbitBroker

This is a very opinionated abstraction over amqplib to help simplify certain common tasks and (hopefully) reduce the effort required to use RabbitMQ in your Node services.

Features:

  • Gracefully handle re-connections
  • Automatically re-define all topology on re-connection
  • Automatically re-send any unconfirmed messages on re-connection
  • Support the majort of RabbitMQ's extensions
  • Handle batching of acknowledgements and rejections

Assumptions & Defaults:

  • Fault-tolerance/resilience over throughput
  • Default to consumer acknowledgement mode
  • Default to ack mode on consumers
  • Heterogenous services that include statically typed languages
  • JSON as the only serialization provider

API Reference

This library implements promises for many of the calls via when.js. The most straight-forward way of creating the necessary topology is via the JSON configuration method (thanks to @JohnDMathis!).

Messages bodies are simple objects. You must provide a type specifier for the message which will be used to set AMQP's properties.type. If you don't provide a routing key, the type specifier will be used. If this is undesirable, you will have to provide a '' or undefined value in the routing key argument.

// the first 3 arguments are required 
// routing key is optional and defaults to the value of typeName 
// connectionName is only needed if you have multiple connections to different servers or vhosts 
 
rabbit.publish( 'log.entries', 'company.project.messages.logEntry', {
        date: Date.now(),
        level: logLevel,
        message: message
    }, 'log.' + logLevel, someValueToCorrelateBy );

Message handlers are registered to handle a message based on the typeName. Calling handle will return a reference to the handler that can later be removed (though it's unlikely you'll do this often). The message that is passed to the handler is the raw Rabbit payload. The body property contains the message body published. 'ack' and 'nack' methods are provided on the message as well to allow you to easily acknowledge successful handling or reject the message.

var handler = rabbit.handle( 'company.project.messages.logEntry', function( message ) {
    try {
        // do something meaningful? 
        console.log( message.body );
        message.ack();
    } catch( err ) {
        message.nack();
    }
} );
 
handler.remove();

Starts a consumer on the queue specified. connectionName is optional and only required if you're subscribing to a queue on a connection other than the default one.

The call returns a promise that can be used to determine when the exchange has been created on the server.

Valid exchangeTypes:

  • 'direct'
  • 'fanout'
  • 'topic'

Options is a hash that can contain the following:

  • autoDelete true|false delete when consumer count goes to 0
  • durable true|false survive broker restarts
  • persistent true|false a.k.a. persistent delivery, messages saved to disk
  • alternate 'alt.exchange' define an alternate exchange

The call returns a promise that can be used to determine when the queue has been created on the server.

Options is a hash that can contain the following:

  • autoDelete true|false delete when consumer count goes to 0
  • durable true|false survive broker restarts
  • exclusive true|false limits queue to the current connection only (danger)
  • subscribe true|false auto-start the subscription
  • limit 2^16 max number of unacked messages allowed for consumer
  • queueLimit 2^32 max number of ready messages a queue can hold
  • messageTtl 2^32 time in ms before a message expires on the queue
  • expires 2^32 time in ms before a queue with 0 consumers expires
  • deadLetter 'dlx.exchange' the exchange to dead-letter messages to

Binds the target exchange to the source exchange. Messages flow from source to target.

Binds the target queue to the source exchange. Messages flow from source to target.

This example shows most of the available options described above.

    var settings = {
        connection: {
            user: 'guest',
            pass: 'guest',
            server: '127.0.0.1',
            port: 5672,
            vhost: '%2fmyhost'
            },
        exchanges:[
            { name: 'config-ex.1', type: 'fanout'  },
            { name: 'config-ex.2', type: 'topic', alternate: 'alternate-ex.2', persistent: true }
            { name: 'dead-letter-ex.2', type: 'fanout' }
            ],
        queues:[
            { name:'config-q.1', limit: 100, queueLimit: 1000 },
            { name:'config-q.2', subscribe: true, deadLetter: 'dead-letter-ex.2' }
            ],
        bindings:[
            { exchange: 'config-ex.1', target: 'config-q.1', keys: [ 'bob','fred' ] },
            { exchange: 'config-ex.2', target: 'config-q.2', keys: 'test1' }
        ]
    };

To establish a connection with all settings in place and ready to go call configure:

    var rabbit = require( 'rabbitBroker' );
 
    rabbit.configure( settings ).done( function() {
        // ready to go! 
    } );