queue
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7.0.0 • Public • Published
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Asynchronous function queue with adjustable concurrency.

npm

This module exports a class Queue that implements most of the Array API. Pass async functions (ones that accept a callback or return a promise) to an instance's additive array methods. Processing begins when you call q.start().

Example

Do npm run example or npm run dev and open the example directory (and your console) to run the following program:

import Queue from 'queue'

const q = new Queue({ results: [] })

// add jobs using the familiar Array API
q.push(cb => {
  const result = 'two'
  cb(null, result)
})

q.push(
  cb => {
    const result = 'four'
    cb(null, result)
  },
  cb => {
    const result = 'five'
    cb(null, result)
  }
)

// jobs can accept a callback or return a promise
q.push(() => {
  return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
    const result = 'one'
    resolve(result)
  })
})

q.unshift(cb => {
  const result = 'one'
  cb(null, result)
})

q.splice(2, 0, cb => {
  const result = 'three'
  cb(null, result)
})

// use the timeout feature to deal with jobs that
// take too long or forget to execute a callback
q.timeout = 100

q.addEventListener('timeout', e => {
  console.log('job timed out:', e.detail.job.toString().replace(/\n/g, ''))
  e.detail.next()
})

q.push(cb => {
  setTimeout(() => {
    console.log('slow job finished')
    cb()
  }, 200)
})

q.push(cb => {
  console.log('forgot to execute callback')
})

// jobs can also override the queue's timeout
// on a per-job basis
function extraSlowJob (cb) {
  setTimeout(() => {
    console.log('extra slow job finished')
    cb()
  }, 400)
}

extraSlowJob.timeout = 500
q.push(extraSlowJob)

// jobs can also opt-out of the timeout altogether
function superSlowJob (cb) {
  setTimeout(() => {
    console.log('super slow job finished')
    cb()
  }, 1000)
}

superSlowJob.timeout = null
q.push(superSlowJob)

// get notified when jobs complete
q.addEventListener('success', e => {
  console.log('job finished processing:', e.detail.toString().replace(/\n/g, ''))
  console.log('The result is:', e.detail.result)
})

// begin processing, get notified on end / failure
q.start(err => {
  if (err) throw err
  console.log('all done:', q.results)
})

Install

npm install queue

yarn add queue

Test

npm test

npm run dev // for testing in a browser, open test directory (and your console)

API

const q = new Queue([opts])

Constructor. opts may contain initial values for:

  • q.concurrency
  • q.timeout
  • q.autostart
  • q.results

Instance methods

q.start([cb])

Explicitly starts processing jobs and provides feedback to the caller when the queue empties or an error occurs. If cb is not passed a promise will be returned.

q.stop()

Stops the queue. can be resumed with q.start().

q.end([err])

Stop and empty the queue immediately.

Instance methods mixed in from Array

Mozilla has docs on how these methods work here. Note that slice does not copy the queue.

q.push(element1, ..., elementN)

q.unshift(element1, ..., elementN)

q.splice(index , howMany[, element1[, ...[, elementN]]])

q.pop()

q.shift()

q.slice(begin[, end])

q.reverse()

q.indexOf(searchElement[, fromIndex])

q.lastIndexOf(searchElement[, fromIndex])

Properties

q.concurrency

Max number of jobs the queue should process concurrently, defaults to Infinity.

q.timeout

Milliseconds to wait for a job to execute its callback. This can be overridden by specifying a timeout property on a per-job basis.

q.autostart

Ensures the queue is always running if jobs are available. Useful in situations where you are using a queue only for concurrency control.

q.results

An array to set job callback arguments on.

q.length

Jobs pending + jobs to process (readonly).

Events

q.dispatchEvent(new QueueEvent('start', { job }))

Immediately before a job begins to execute.

q.dispatchEvent(new QueueEvent('success', { result: [...result], job }))

After a job executes its callback.

q.dispatchEvent(new QueueEvent('error', { err, job }))

After a job passes an error to its callback.

q.dispatchEvent(new QueueEvent('timeout', { next, job }))

After q.timeout milliseconds have elapsed and a job has not executed its callback.

q.dispatchEvent(new QueueEvent('end', { err }))

After all jobs have been processed

Releases

The latest stable release is published to npm. Abbreviated changelog below:

  • 7.0
    • Modernized codebase, added new maintainer (@MaksimLavrenyuk)
  • 6.0
    • Add start event before job begins (@joelgriffith)
    • Add timeout property on a job to override the queue's timeout (@joelgriffith)
  • 5.0
    • Updated TypeScript bindings (@Codex-)
  • 4.4
    • Add results feature
  • 4.3
    • Add promise support (@kwolfy)
  • 4.2
    • Unref timers on end
  • 4.1
    • Add autostart feature
  • 4.0
    • Change license to MIT
  • 3.1.x
    • Add .npmignore
  • 3.0.x
    • Change the default concurrency to Infinity
    • Allow q.start() to accept an optional callback executed on q.emit('end')
  • 2.x
    • Major api changes / not backwards compatible with 1.x
  • 1.x
    • Early prototype

License

MIT

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Install

npm i queue

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