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pusher

3.0.0 • Public • Published

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Pusher Channels Node.js REST library

In order to use this library, you need to have an account on https://pusher.com/channels. After registering, you will need the application credentials for your app.

Supported platforms

This SDK supports Node.js version 8+.

We test the library against a selection of Node.js versions which we update over time. Please refer to travis.yml for the set of versions that are currently tested with CI.

If you find any compatibility issues, please raise an issue in the repository or contact support at support@pusher.com. We will happily investigate reported problems ❤️.

Installation

You need to be running at least Node.js 8 to use this library.

$ npm install pusher

Parse Cloud

In order to use the library in a Parse Cloud module, install the module into your cloud/modules path:

$ npm install pusher --prefix cloud/modules

Then to build the file bundle for Parse Cloud:

$ cd cloud/modules/pusher
$ npm run parse-build

To import Pusher:

var Pusher = require('cloud/modules/node_modules/pusher/parse');

Importing

It's possible to use pusher-http-node with typescript or javascript.

const Pusher = require('pusher');
import * as Pusher from 'pusher';

All external APIs should have types in index.d.ts.

Configuration

There are 3 ways to configure the client. First one is just using the Pusher constructor:

var Pusher = require('pusher');
 
var channels_client = new Pusher({
  appId: 'APP_ID',
  key: 'APP_KEY',
  secret: 'SECRET_KEY',
  useTLS: USE_TLS, // optional, defaults to false
  cluster: 'CLUSTER', // if `host` is present, it will override the `cluster` option.
  host: 'HOST', // optional, defaults to api.pusherapp.com
  port: PORT, // optional, defaults to 80 for non-TLS connections and 443 for TLS connections
  encryptionMasterKey: ENCRYPTION_MASTER_KEY, // a 32 character long key used to derive secrets for end to end encryption (see below!)
});

For specific clusters, you can use the forCluster function. This is the same as using the cluster option in the constructor.

var Pusher = require('pusher');
 
var channels_client = Pusher.forCluster("CLUSTER", {
  appId: 'APP_ID',
  key: 'APP_KEY',
  secret: 'SECRET_KEY',
  useTLS: USE_TLS, // optional, defaults to false
  port: PORT, // optional, defaults to 80 for non-TLS connections and 443 for TLS connections
  encryptionMasterKey: ENCRYPTION_MASTER_KEY, // a 32 character long key used to derive secrets for end to end encryption (see below!)
});

You can also specify auth and endpoint options by passing an URL:

var Pusher = require('pusher');
 
var channels_client = Pusher.forURL("SCHEME://APP_KEY:SECRET_KEY@HOST:PORT/apps/APP_ID");

You can pass the optional second argument with options, as in forCluster function.

This is useful for example on Heroku, which sets the PUSHER_URL environment variable to such URL, if you have the Pusher addon installed.

Additional options

There are a few additional options that can be used in all above methods:

var Pusher = require('pusher');
 
var channels_client = new Pusher({
  // you can set other options in any of the 3 ways described above
  proxy: 'HTTP_PROXY_URL', // optional, URL to proxy the requests through
  timeout: TIMEOUT, // optional, timeout for all requests in milliseconds
  keepAlive: KEEP_ALIVE // optional, enables keep-alive, defaults to false
});

Usage

Callbacks and error handling

API requests

Asynchronous methods on the Pusher class (trigger, get and post) take an optional callback as the last argument. After performing the request, the callback is called with three arguments:

  • error - if the request can't be performed or returns an error code, error will contain details, otherwise it will be null
  • request - the request object
  • response - the response object - can be undefined if response was not received

All operational errors are wrapped into a Pusher.RequestError object.

WebHooks

In case accessing data for invalid WebHooks, an Pusher.WebHookError exception will be thrown from the called method. It is recommended to validate the WebHook before interpreting it.

Publishing events

To send an event to one or more channels use the trigger function. Channel names can contain only characters which are alphanumeric, '_' or '-' and have to be at most 200 characters long. Event name can be at most 200 characters long too.

Single channel

channels_client.trigger('channel-1', 'test_event', { message: "hello world" });

Multiple channels

To trigger an event on multiple channels:

channels_client.trigger([ 'channel-1', 'channel-2' ], 'test_event', { message: "hello world" });

You can trigger an event to at most 100 channels at once. Passing more than 100 channels will cause an exception to be thrown.

Batch events

If you wish to send multiple events in a single HTTP request, you can pass an array of events to channels_client.triggerBatch. You can send up to a maximum of 10 events at once.

var events = [{
  channel: "channel-1",
  name: "test-event-1",
  data: {message: "hello world"}
},
{
  channel: "channel-2",
  name: "test-event-2",
  data: {message: "hello another world"}
}];
 
channels_client.triggerBatch(events);

You can trigger a batch of up to 10 events.

Excluding event recipients

In order to avoid the client that triggered the event from also receiving it, the trigger function takes an optional socketId parameter. For more informaiton see: http://pusher.com/docs/publisher_api_guide/publisher_excluding_recipients.

var socketId = '1302.1081607';
channels_client.trigger(channel, event, data, socketId);

End-to-end encryption [BETA]

This library supports end-to-end encryption of your private channels. This means that only you and your connected clients will be able to read your messages. Pusher cannot decrypt them. You can enable this feature by following these steps:

  1. You should first set up Private channels. This involves creating an authentication endpoint on your server.

  2. Next, Specify your 32 character encryption_master_key. This is secret and you should never share this with anyone. Not even Pusher.

    var channels_client = new Pusher({
      appId: 'APP_ID',
      key: 'APP_KEY',
      secret: 'SECRET_KEY',
      useTLS: true,
      encryptionMasterKey: 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzabcdef',
    });
  3. Channels where you wish to use end-to-end encryption should be prefixed with private-encrypted-.

  4. Subscribe to these channels in your client, and you're done! You can verify it is working by checking out the debug console on the https://dashboard.pusher.com/ and seeing the scrambled ciphertext.

Important note: This will not encrypt messages on channels that are not prefixed by private-encrypted-.

Limitation: you cannot trigger a single event on multiple channels in a call to trigger, e.g.

channels_client.trigger([ 'channel-1', 'private-encrypted-channel-2' ], 'test_event', { message: "hello world" });

Rationale: the methods in this library map directly to individual Channels HTTP API requests. If we allowed triggering a single event on multiple channels (some encrypted, some unencrypted), then it would require two API requests: one where the event is encrypted to the encrypted channels, and one where the event is unencrypted for unencrypted channels.

Authenticating private channels

To authorise your users to access private channels on Pusher Channels, you can use the authenticate function:

var auth = channels_client.authenticate(socketId, channel);

For more information see: http://pusher.com/docs/authenticating_users

Authenticating presence channels

Using presence channels is similar to private channels, but you can specify extra data to identify that particular user:

var channelData = {
    user_id: 'unique_user_id',
    user_info: {
      name: 'Phil Leggetter'
      twitter_id: '@leggetter'
    }
};
var auth = channels_client.authenticate(socketId, channel, channelData);

The auth is then returned to the caller as JSON.

For more information see: http://pusher.com/docs/authenticating_users

Application state

It's possible to query the state of the application using the channels_client.get function.

channels_client.get({ path: path, params: params }, callback);

The path property identifies the resource that the request should be made to and the params property should be a map of additional query string key and value pairs.

Params can't include following keys:

  • auth_key
  • auth_timestamp
  • auth_version
  • auth_signature
  • body_md5

The following example provides the signature of the callback and an example of parsing the result:

channels_client.get({ path: '/channels', params: {} }, function(error, request, response) {
    if (response.statusCode === 200) {
        var result = JSON.parse(response.body);
        var channelsInfo = result.channels;
    }
});

Get the list of channels in an application

channels_client.get({ path: '/channels', params: params }, callback);

Information on the optional params and the structure of the returned JSON is defined in the REST API reference.

Get the state of a channel

channels_client.get({ path: '/channels/[channel_name]', params: params }, callback);

Information on the optional params option property and the structure of the returned JSON is defined in the REST API reference.

Get the list of users in a presence channel

channels_client.get({ path: '/channels/[channel_name]/users' }, callback);

The channel_name in the path must be a presence channel. The structure of the returned JSON is defined in the REST API reference.

WebHooks

The library provides a simple helper for WebHooks, which can be accessed via Pusher instances:

var webhook = channels_client.webhook(request);

Requests must expose following fields:

  • headers - object with request headers indexed by lowercase header names
  • rawBody - string with the WebHook request body

Since neither Node.js nor express provide the body in the request, your application needs to read it and assign to the request object. See examples/webhook_endpoint.js for a simple webhook endpoint implementation using the express framework.

Headers object must contain following headers:

  • x-pusher-key - application key, sent by Channels
  • x-pusher-signature - WebHook signature, generated by Channels
  • content-type - must be set to application/json, what Channels does

After instantiating the WebHook object, you can use its following methods:

isValid

Validates the content type, body format and signature of the WebHook and returns a boolean. Your application should validate incoming webhooks, otherwise they could be faked.

Accepts an optional parameter containing additional application tokens (useful e.g. during migrations):

var webhook = channels_client.webhook(request);
// will check only the key and secret assigned to the pusher object:
webhook.isValid();
// will also check two additional tokens:
webhook.isValid([{ key: "x1", secret: "y1" }, { key: "x2", secret: "y2" }]);

getData

Returns the parsed WebHook body. Throws a Pusher.WebHookError if the WebHook is invalid, so please check the isValid result before accessing the data.

// will return an object with the WebHook data
webhook.getData();

Please read the WebHooks documentation to find out what fields are included in the body.

getEvents

Returns events included in the WebHook as an array. Throws a Pusher.WebHookError if the WebHook is invalid, so please check the isValid result before accessing the events.

// will return an array with the events
webhook.getEvents();

getTime

Returns the Date object for the time when the WebHook was sent from Channels. Throws a Pusher.WebHookError if the WebHook is invalid, so please check the isValid result before accessing the time.

// will return a Date object
webhook.getTime();

Generating REST API signatures

If you wanted to send the REST API requests manually (e.g. using a different HTTP client), you can use the createSignedQueryString method to generate the whole request query string that includes the auth keys and your parameters.

channels_client.createSignedQueryString({
  method: "POST",                                              // the HTTP request method
  path: "/apps/3/events",                                      // the HTTP request path
  body: '{"name":"foo","channel":"donuts","data":"2-for-1"}',  // optional, the HTTP request body
  params: {},                                                  // optional, the query params
});

The params object can't contain following keys, as they are used to sign the request:

  • auth_key
  • auth_timestamp
  • auth_version
  • auth_signature
  • body_md5

Testing

The tests run using Mocha. Make sure you've got all required modules installed:

npm install

Running the local test suite

You can run local integration tests without setting up a Pusher Channels app:

node_modules/.bin/mocha tests/integration/**/*.js

Running the complete test suite

In order to run the full test suite, first you need a Pusher Channels app. When starting mocha, you need to set the PUSHER_URL environment variable to contain your app credentials, like following:

`PUSHER_URL='http://KEY:SECRET@api-CLUSTER.pusher.com/apps/APP_ID' node_modules/.bin/mocha $(find tests)`

Credits

This library is based on the work of:

  • Christian Bäuerlein and his library pusher.
  • Jaewoong Kim and the node-pusher library.

License

This code is free to use under the terms of the MIT license.

install

npm i pusher

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license

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