pubnub-react
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    2.1.0 • Public • Published

    PubNub React Framework

    This is the official PubNub React framework repository.

    PubNub takes care of the infrastructure and APIs needed for the realtime communication layer of your application. Work on your app's logic and let PubNub handle sending and receiving data across the world in less than 100ms.

    Requirements

    To use the PubNub React framework, you need:

    This library is compatible with the latest versions of the React Native framework. For examples, refer to examples/reactnative.

    Get keys

    You will need publish and subscribe keys to authenticate your app. Get your keys from the Admin Portal.

    Sample app

    Follow these instructions to set up a simple chat app using PubNub.

    Note: These instructions assume you're using JavaScript. If you'd prefer to use TypeScript, follow the instructions in the React framework documentation.

    1. Set up your React project.

      For a quick single-page app, create-react-app is a good starting point:

      npx create-react-app react-sample-chat
    2. Add the PubNub JavaScript SDK and React framework packages to your project:

      cd react-sample-chat
      npm install --save pubnub pubnub-react
    3. Replace the contents of src/App.js with the following, replacing myPublishKey and mySubscribeKey with your own keys, and myUniqueUUID with a value of your choice:

      import React, { useState, useEffect } from 'react';
      import PubNub from 'pubnub';
      import { PubNubProvider, usePubNub } from 'pubnub-react';
      
      const pubnub = new PubNub({
        publishKey: 'myPublishKey',
        subscribeKey: 'mySubscribeKey',
        uuid: 'myUniqueUUID'
      });
      
      function App() {
        return (
          <PubNubProvider client={pubnub}>
            <Chat />
          </PubNubProvider>
        );
      }
      
      function Chat() {
        const pubnub = usePubNub();
        const [channels] = useState(['awesome-channel']);
        const [messages, addMessage] = useState([]);
        const [message, setMessage] = useState('');
      
        const handleMessage = event => {
          const message = event.message;
          if (typeof message === 'string' || message.hasOwnProperty('text')) {
            const text = message.text || message;
            addMessage(messages => [...messages, text]);
          }
        };
      
        const sendMessage = message => {
          if (message) {
            pubnub
              .publish({ channel: channels[0], message })
              .then(() => setMessage(''));
          }
        };
      
        useEffect(() => {
          pubnub.addListener({ message: handleMessage });
          pubnub.subscribe({ channels });
        }, [pubnub, channels]);
      
        return (
          <div style={pageStyles}>
            <div style={chatStyles}>
              <div style={headerStyles}>React Chat Example</div>
              <div style={listStyles}>
                {messages.map((message, index) => {
                  return (
                    <div key={`message-${index}`} style={messageStyles}>
                      {message}
                    </div>
                  );
                })}
              </div>
              <div style={footerStyles}>
                <input
                  type="text"
                  style={inputStyles}
                  placeholder="Type your message"
                  value={message}
                  onKeyPress={e => {
                    if (e.key !== 'Enter') return;
                    sendMessage(message);
                  }}
                  onChange={e => setMessage(e.target.value)}
                />
                <button
                  style={buttonStyles}
                  onClick={e => {
                    e.preventDefault();
                    sendMessage(message);
                  }}
                >
                  Send Message
                </button>
              </div>
            </div>
          </div>
        );
      }
      
      const pageStyles = {
        alignItems: 'center',
        background: '#282c34',
        display: 'flex',
        justifyContent: 'center',
        minHeight: '100vh',
      };
      
      const chatStyles = {
        display: 'flex',
        flexDirection: 'column',
        height: '50vh',
        width: '50%',
      };
      
      const headerStyles = {
        background: '#323742',
        color: 'white',
        fontSize: '1.4rem',
        padding: '10px 15px',
      };
      
      const listStyles = {
        alignItems: 'flex-start',
        backgroundColor: 'white',
        display: 'flex',
        flexDirection: 'column',
        flexGrow: 1,
        overflow: 'auto',
        padding: '10px',
      };
      
      const messageStyles = {
        backgroundColor: '#eee',
        borderRadius: '5px',
        color: '#333',
        fontSize: '1.1rem',
        margin: '5px',
        padding: '8px 15px',
      };
      
      const footerStyles = {
        display: 'flex',
      };
      
      const inputStyles = {
        flexGrow: 1,
        fontSize: '1.1rem',
        padding: '10px 15px',
      };
      
      const buttonStyles = {
        fontSize: '1.1rem',
        padding: '10px 15px',
      };
      
      export default App;
    4. In your project, run the following command:

      npm start

      You should see the following in your browser: chat UI screenshot

    Add listeners

    In the code in the previous section, the following adds a message listener in the Chat() function:

          useEffect(() => {
            pubnub.addListener({ message: handleMessage });
            pubnub.subscribe({ channels });
          }, [pubnub, channels]);

    Publish and subscribe

    Publishing a message:

    const [channels] = useState(['awesome-channel']);
    
    // ...
    
    const sendMessage = message => {
      if (message) {
        pubnub
          .publish({ channel: channels[0], message })
          .then(() => setMessage(''));
      }
    };

    Subscribing to a channel:

    const [channels] = useState(['awesome-channel']);
    
    // ...
    
    useEffect(() => {
      pubnub.addListener({ message: handleMessage });
      pubnub.subscribe({ channels });
    }, [pubnub, channels]);

    Documentation links

    Reference information

    PubNubProvider

    The PubNubProvider makes available a PubNub client instance to a React component tree. You instantiate the provider as follows (note that this example assumes that your publish and subscribe keys are contained in the pubnub.config.json file):

    import PubNub from 'pubnub';
    import { PubNubProvider } from 'pubnub-react';
    
    const pubNubConfig = require('./pubnub.config.json');
    const pubNubClient = new PubNub(pubNubConfig.Demo.keySet);
    
    const App = () => {
      return (
        <PubNubProvider client={pubNubClient}>
          <MyRootComponent />
        </PubNubProvider>
      );
    };
    
    export default App;

    PubNubProvider props

    The PubNubProvider component takes a single prop:

    • client is the required pubNubClient instance. This is used by all components that require PubNub functionality.

    usePubNub hook

    The PubNub hook lets you interact with PubNub in function components.

    Hooks are a new feature added in React 16.8 that allow you to use React features without writing a class. For a general overview of hooks, refer to the React documentation.

    Example usePubNub hook usage

    import React, { useState, useEffect } from 'react';
    import { usePubNub } from '../../src/index';
    
    const PubNubTime = () => {
      const client = usePubNub();
      const [time, setTime] = useState(null);
      const [error, setError] = useState(error);
    
      useEffect(() => {
        client
          .time()
          .then(({ timetoken }) => {
            setTime(timetoken);
          })
          .catch(error => {
            setError(error);
          });
      }, []);
    
      if (error !== null) {
        return <div>An error has occured: {error.message}</div>;
      }
    
      if (time === null) {
        return <div>Loading...</div>;
      }
    
      return <div>Current time: {time}</div>;
    };
    
    export default PubNubTime;

    Then, to load PubNubTime on-demand, you could use React.Lazy and Suspense:

    import React, { Suspense, lazy } from 'react';
    
    const MyRootComponent = () => {
      const DisplayPubNubTime = lazy(() => import('./PubNubTime'));
    
      return (
        <Suspense fallback={<div>Loading. . .</div>}>
          <DisplayPubNubTime />
        </Suspense>
      );
    };
    
    export default MyRootComponent;

    PubNubConsumer

    The PubNubConsumer allows you to access the client instance you made available with a PubNubProvider.

    Note: Be careful, as the children function will be called every time component rerenders. Wrap components using PubNubConsumer using React.memo to prevent this behaviour.

    PubNubConsumer props

    The PubNubConsumer component takes a single prop:

    • client is the required PubNub Client instance. This is used by all components that require PubNub functionality.

    Example PubNubConsumer usage

    Once you've created a PubNubProvider, you can access the client with a PubNubConsumer.

    import React from 'react';
    import PubNub from 'pubnub';
    import { PubNubProvider } from '../PubNubProvider';
    import { PubNubConsumer } from '../PubNubConsumer';
    import { getPubNubContext } from '../PubNubContext';
    
    const pubNubConfig = require('../config/pubnub.json');
    const pubNubClient = new PubNub(pubNubConfig.Demo.keySet);
    
    const App = () => {
      return (
        <PubNubProvider client={pubNubClient}>
          <PubNubConsumer>
            {client => 'success!' /* do something now */}
          </PubNubConsumer>
        </PubNubProvider>
      );
    };

    Support

    If you need help or have a general question, contact support@pubnub.com.

    Install

    npm i pubnub-react

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    34,241

    Version

    2.1.0

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    30.1 kB

    Total Files

    19

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • pubnub
    • davidnub
    • are
    • client-engineering-bot