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    0.4.5 • Public • Published


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    Convert PO files to Javascript objects or JSON strings. The result is Jed-compatible.

    Getting Started

    Install the module with: npm install po2json

    As a library

    var po2json = require('po2json');

    As an executable

    po2json translation.po translation.json



    po2json has 3 methods, all of which take exactly the same options. The main function is parse which actually does the parsing to JSON. The 2 others - parseFile and parseFileSync are convenience functions to directly read PO data from a file and convert it to JSON.

    Parse a PO buffer to JSON

    • po2json.parse(buf[, options])
      • buf - a po file as a Buffer or an unicode string.
      • options - an optional object with the following possible parameters:
        • fuzzy Whether to include fuzzy translation in JSON or not. Should be either true or false. Defaults to false.
        • stringify If true, returns a JSON string. Otherwise returns a plain Javascript object. Defaults to false.
        • pretty If true, the resulting JSON string will be pretty-printed. Has no effect when stringify is false. Defaults to false
        • format Defaults to raw.
          • raw produces a "raw" JSON output
          • jed produces an output that is 100% compatible with Jed < 1.1.0
          • jed1.x produces an output that is 100% compatible with Jed >= 1.1.0
          • mf produces simple key:value output.
        • domain - the domain the messages will be wrapped inside. Only has effect if format: 'jed'.

    Parse a PO file to JSON

    • po2json.parseFile(fileName[,options], cb)
      • fileName - path to the po file
      • options - same as for po2json.parse
      • cb - a function that receives 2 arguments: err and jsonData

    Parse a PO file to JSON (synchronous)

    • po2json.parseFileSync(fileName[, options])
      • fileName - path to the po file
      • options - same as for po2json.parse


    If fallback-to-msgid is set, for those entries that would be omitted (fuzzy entries without the fuzzy flag) and for those that are empty, the msgid will be used as translation in the json file. If the entry is plural, msgid_plural will be used for msgstr[1]. This means that this option makes sense only for those languages that have nplurals=2.

    Command Line Arguments

    po2json in command-line parametrization support added to allow override default options.

    • --pretty, -p: same as pretty = true in function options
    • --fuzzy, -F: same as fuzzy = true in function options
    • --format, -f: Output format (raw, jed, jed1.x, or mf)
    • --domain, -d: same as domain in function options

    Note: 'format': 'mf' means the json format used by messageFormatter in This system does any pluralization within the string, so only msgstr[0] is used with these format, in a simple "key": "value" form.


    Basic usage with PO data as a buffer/string

    var po2json = require('po2json'),
        fs = require('fs');
    fs.readFile('messages.po', function (err, buffer) {
      var jsonData = po2json.parse(buffer);
      // do something interesting ...

    Parse a PO file directly - Asynchronous Usage

    var po2json = require('po2json');
    po2json.parseFile('messages.po', function (err, jsonData) {
        // do something interesting ...

    Parse a PO file directly - Synchronous Usage

    var po2json = require('po2json');
    var jsonData = '';
    try {
        jsonData = po2json.parseFileSync('messages.po');
        // do something interesting ...
    } catch (e) {}

    Parse a PO file to Jed format

    var po2json = require('po2json'),
        Jed = require('jed');
    po2json.parseFile('messages.po', { format: 'jed' }, function (err, jsonData) {
        var i18n = new Jed( jsonData );

    Running tests

    npm test


    In lieu of a formal styleguide, take care to maintain the existing coding style. Add unit tests for any new or changed functionality. Lint and test your code using grunt.

    Release History

    0.4.2 / 2015-04-13

    • Updated documentation for Jed > 1.1.0
    • Use msgid_plural when there is no translation

    0.4.1 / 2015-03-01

    • Updated Jed-format code and test to deal with the new plural form

    0.4.0 / 2015-03-01

    • Added Jed > 1.1.0 compatible format (Evan Moses)

    0.3.0 / 2014-07-16

    • Added command line flags for fuzzy, pretty, format, and domain (Szigetvári Áron)
    • Deals with fallback-to-msgid for fuzzy entries without the fuzzy flag (Szigetvári Áron)

    0.2.4 / 2014-07-15

    • Fixed fuzzy flag (mahata)

    0.2.3 / 2014-01-26

    • Raised minimum node version requirement to 0.8
    • Raised lodash version to ~2.4.1
    • Clean up documentations

    0.2.0 / 2013-11-08

    NB! This release is NOT backwards-compatible! It has the following breaking changes:

    • po2json.parse_po has been replaced with po2json.parse
    • po2json.parse has been replaced with po2json.parseFile
    • po2json.parseSync has been replaced with po2json.parseFileSync

    Other changes in this release:

    • The library has been competely rewritten, it now uses the gettext-parser module to parse PO files. (Illimar Tambek)
    • Tests have been completely rewritten (Illimar Tambek)
    • Fixed issue with double-escaping quotes (Illimar Tambek)
    • Option to skip/include fuzzy translations (Illimar Tambek)

    0.0.7 / 2012-10-26

    • Fixed linting bugs and added a better fr.po fixture (Mike Edwards)
    • Add tests for po2json.parse and po2json.parseSync (Dan MacTough)
    • updated with version history (Mike Edwards)
    • updated history (Mike Edwards)

    0.0.6 / 2012-10-22

    • Add AUTHORS to identify contributors (Dan MacTough)
    • Update README with revision history and basic examples (Dan MacTough)

    0.0.5 / 2012-10-19

    • cut out fake README example from grunt boilerplate (Mike Edwards)
    • fixed markdown (Mike Edwards)
    • fixes tests (Mike Edwards)
    • added first test for parse_po (Mike Edwards)
    • Added boilerplate using grunt init (Mike Edwards)
    • Changed exports.parse to use node's convetional error-first callback style. Added exports.parseSync for synchronous parsing. (Dan MacTough)

    0.0.4 / 2012-09-18

    • Properly escape linebreaks (Zach Carter)
    • Update package.json (Mike Edwards)
    • package.json: define main module (Asbjørn Sloth Tønnesen)

    0.0.2 / 2012-07-03

    • fix package, fix pretty print return, remove debug logs (gilles)
    • upped version (Mike Edwards)

    0.0.1 / 2012-06-06

    • Added build status to README (Mike Edwards)
    • Removed built=ints from the dependencies (Mike Edwards)
    • Added a .travis file for continuous integration (Mike Edwards)
    • Added usage note to (Mike Edwards)
    • First working script! (Mike Edwards)
    • Added new git repo (Mike Edwards)
    • initial commit (Mike Edwards)
    • Initial commit (Mike Edwards)


    Copyright (c) 2012 Joshua I. Miller Licensed under the GNU, Library, General, Public, License licenses.


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