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0.3.0 • Public • Published


As we know, Babel is a parser which contains a plugin system. However, the babel-eslint doesn't let us customize which plugins can be loaded.

This module is NOT a fork of babel-eslint. It just provides some patches to babel-eslint and @babel/parser (aka. Babylon).


Since Babel 7, the Babel parser can parse TypeScript code via enabling a Babel internal plugin typescript. But, as we said above, in babel-eslint, we can't enable that plugin. Using this module as an ESLint parser, we can let our TypeScript code be parsed in ESLint.

So why not use typescript-eslint-parser directly? We tried it, but we found that there are some issues like it can't work well with an internal rule of ESLint indent. On the other hand, babel-eslint has been widely used by many projects and there are no obvious issues.

How can I use it?


Using Yarn:

yarn add --dev pluggable-babel-eslint

Using npm:

npm i -D pluggable-babel-eslint

Configure ESLint

You can configure your .eslintrc:

  "parser": "pluggable-babel-eslint"

The parser options can be customized in parserOptions in .eslintrc file. All the options of babel-eslint are available and same as here, because pluggable-babel-eslint just provides some patches.

And there are some options only available in pluggable-babel-eslint:

  • plugins: This is an array which indicates which plugins of Babel will be enabled. Note that you don't need to enable the plugins for experimental ECMAScript features (such as dynamic import, big int, etc). You can add item typescript to tell Babel to parse TypeScript code, and the flow plugin will be disabled automatically.
  • excludePlugins: This is an array which indicates which plugins of Babel will be disabled. One possible use case is that you may not want to use one or more experimental ECMAScript features accidentally in your project. And, if you are going to use angle-bracket-style type assertion in TypeScript, you can disable the jsx plugin by adding an item jsx. For TypeScript users, you don't need to disable flow plugin here.

Here is the configuration example (as an .eslintrc file):

  "parser": "pluggable-babel-eslint",
  "parserOptions": {
    "plugins": ["typescript"],
    "excludePlugins": ["bigInt"]

For the users of vue-eslint-parser, you should put the parser field into the parserOptions field.

Configure Babel

This step is optional.

However, if there is .babelrc file or babel.config.js file in your project root, you don't need to specfiy plugins to parserOptions, because this module will read Babel config.

For example, there is a .babelrc file in a project like this:

  "presets": ["@babel/preset-typescript"]

At this time, you don't need to configure parserOptions of ESLint, and babel-eslint will parse your TypeScript code.

Are there any known issues?

Because of the limitation of Babel itself, not all TypeScript code can be parsed (such as namespace). And some rules of eslint-plugin-typescript can't work.

  • typescript/adjacent-overload-signatures: Babel can't parse TypeScript class methods overload.
  • typescript/no-parameter-properties: It can report linting errors, but the location may be wrong.
  • typescript/no-type-alias: When your code contains intersection type or union type with literal type, and error will be occurred. This issue is from eslint-plugin-typescript itself, not the parser. (See:
  • typescript/type-annotation-spacing: It cannot work in some cases (such as parameters of a function).

Note that other rules which haven't been listed above also may not work well, so be cautious. And any contributions are welcome.

How it works?

This module is not a fork of babel-eslint and it just hacks the module @babel/parser and babel-eslint.

This module will import @babel/parser first by calling require(). Once it is loaded, we just make a wrapper for the parse function of @babel/parser. Because the module system of Node.js will cache the loaded modules, so the next time, when any other modules like babel-eslint or JavaScript code imports @babel/parser by calling require(), they will get the wrapped version of @babel/parser. Through the wrapper, we can customize the plugins of Babel.

We also make some similar wrappers for babel-eslint. These wrappers are used to detect plugins enabled by users, decide which plugins should be enabled for @babel/parser and modify the AST for compatibility of eslint-plugin-typescript.


MIT License (c) 2018-present Pig Fang




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